New Testament Development of Old Testament Themes – NBST 680

CG • Section 8WK • 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020 • Modified 07/28/2020

Course Description

An intensive study of how historical, exegetical, and theological themes of the Old Testament are developed in the New Testament. Special attention will also be given to how the hermeneutics of the New Testament writers should impact Christian interpretation of Scripture.




A 600-level elective on The Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament would be a valuable addition to the graduate-level courses in the divinity school. The study of the OT in the NT is currently a topic of intense interest and controversy in the discipline of biblical studies. Understanding of the issues involved in this study is essential for the interpretation for hundreds of passages in the NT that use or reference the OT in some way. Study of this topic will also enable the student to better understand the unity of the OT and NT and how the two are related to each other, as well as how to read the OT theologically and how to assess the hermeneutical practices of the NT writers, specifically their Christological usage of OT texts. Study of the OT in the NT better prepares pastors to preach and teach the OT from a Christian perspective in the church. This course will also provide the masters’ level student with the option of taking this course as a NBST or OBST elective.

Measurable Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Identify themes from the Old Testament which are developed more fully in the New Testament.
  2. Analyze the texts associated with the New Testament interpretation of the Old Testament.
  3. Discuss the historical development of key theological themes from Old Testament to New Testament.
  4. Evaluate how and to what degree the hermeneutical methods of the New Testament writers should be employed by Christians today in their reading and interpreting of Scripture.
  5. Compare and contrast New Testament interpretations of Old Testament texts with Jewish exegetical methods contemporaneous to the New Testament era.

Course Assignment

Textbook readings and lecture presentations

Course Requirements Checklist

After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the student will complete the related checklist found in Module/Week 1.

Discussion Board Forums (4)

Discussion boards are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, the student is required to create a thread in response to the provided prompt for each forum. The threads will vary in word counts according to the instructions for each discussion board prompt. Each thread must also demonstrate course-related knowledge. In addition to the thread, the student is required to reply to 2 other classmates’ threads. Each reply must be 200–225 words. (MLO: D, E)

Exams (2)

The student will take two exams. Each exam will cover reading and study material from the respective course modules according to the exam study guides. Each exam will be made up of two parts: 60 multiple-choice questions, and 1 essay question. Each exam will be open-book/open-notes and have a 90 minute time limit. The exam questions are included in the study guides. The student should throughoughly fill out the study guide and prepare the essay answer before beginning the exam. (MLO: A, B, C)

Problem Passage Essays (2)

The student will write a 1200–1500-word essay in current Turabian format based on the passages and instructions provided within the course. Each essay must include at least 6 references in current Turabian format. (MLO: A, B, E)