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Turabian Resources

Easy-to-Use Turabian Directory

Our Turabian Directory is an extensive and easy-to-use guide to Turabian for students at any level of undergraduate, graduate, or doctorate education.

If you cannot find what you need on from the quick guide below, the Turabian Directory will definitely help you find the information you need.


Turabian Formatting - Quick Guide

Formatting

  • 1’’ margins
  • Times New Roman size 12 font
  • Double-spaced (see all exceptions on p. 375 of the Turabian manual)
    Some exceptions include block quotes, figure captions, footnotes, bibliographies, and reference lists
  • Do not number the title page if it is the only front matter. If there is a table of contents and/or other front matter, the title page will be page i (see p. 386).

Style

  • Use active voice.
  • There are two citation styles in Turabian—Bibliography Style and Reference-List Style—Choose one! Be aware of your professor’s preference. (see p. 137)
  • When referring to a source whose bibliographical data are in the footnote prior, use Ibid. to shorten the citation (p. 155)
  • Since the Bible is considered a sacred work, cite it in footnotes, not the bibliography

Main Body - Quick Guide

Headings

  • Here is one plan for five levels of headings; however, you may create your own format (see p. 393). *Please adhere to professor guidelines at all times.
    • First level: centered, boldface or italic type, headline-style capitalization
    • Second level: centered, regular type, headline-style capitalization
    • Third level: flush left, boldface or italic type, headline-style capitalization
    • Fourth level: flush left, roman type, sentence-style capitalization
    • Fifth level: run in at beginning of paragraph (no blank line after, boldface or italic type, sentence-style capitalization, terminal period

References - Quick Guide

  • NOTE: The second line and all subsequent lines of each item on the reference list should be indented. Please see a Turabian Sample Paper for a visual example of a properly formatted reference page.

Bibliography style

Footnotes

Footnotes' first line should be tabbed over 1/2 inch. 

  • Book with a single author or editor
    Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication), XX-XX.
     
  • Book with multiple authors
    Note Number. Author #1’s First and Last Names and Author #2’s First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher’s  Name, Date of Publication), XX-XX.
     
  • Journal Article in Print
    Note Number: Author’s First and Last Names, “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article,” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX.
     
  • Journal Article Online
    Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article,” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication), under “Descriptive Locator,” accessed date, URL.

Bibliography

Bibliographies entries' second line should be tabbed over one half inch.

  • Book with a single author or editor
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication.
     
  • Book with multiple authors
    Author #1’s Last Name, Author #1’s First name, and Author #2’s First and Last Names. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication.
     
  • Journal Article in Print
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article.” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication): YY-YY.
     
  • Journal Article Online
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article.” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication). Accessed Date. URL.

Author/Date-style

  • In Author/Date-style, there is one general form used:
    Last Name, First Name. Year Published. Title of book: Subtitle of book. Publication City: Publisher.

We have more information on author/date style or any other aspect of Turabian. 

More references and citations

We have examples of citing books, citing journalsciting multimedia, and citing miscellaneous sources.

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