AMA Format Quick Guide
References from: “AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed.”
- Text is double-spaced and left aligned (pg. 37)
- General university guidelines call for 1” margins, 12 pt. Times New Roman font.
- Specific information regarding title page format, page numbers, headings, font style/size, and margins are not explicitly stated in the AMA manual. Please consult your professor or departmental guidelines.
- Active voice is preferred. (pg. 320)
- Further instructions regarding writing style may be found in the submission guidelines to the following publications: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
An AMA paper should have four major sections:
- Title Page
- Abstract (structured or unstructured)
- Text (introduction, methods, results, discussion)
AMA does not give specific formatting requirements for a title page. It provides only the information that should be included.
- Authors’ Name
- Degrees (above bachelors)
- E-mail Addresses
- Institutional Affiliation
- Word Count (for text only, excluding title, abstract, references, tables, and figures)
- “The abstract of a research report summarizes the main points of an article: (1) the study objective or background, (2) the study design and methods, (3) primary results, and (4) principal conclusions.” (pg. 20)
- Structured Abstract (pg. 20-23)
- Used for reports of original data, systematic reviews, and clinical reviews.
- Uses predetermined headings depending on the type of report.
- Usually limited to 250 words, though some journals allow for 300 words. (pg. 21)
- Unstructured Abstract (pg. 23-24)
- Used for any other major manuscript.
- No more than 150 words
- Located at the end of the Abstract
- 3-10 terms that represent the key concepts
The text of an AMA paper typically consists of four sections: (pg. 25)
In biblical references, do not abbreviate the names of books. The version may be included parenthetically if the information is provided. References to the Bible are usually included in the text.
- The story begins in Genesis 3:1.
- Paul admonished against succumbing to temptation (1 Corinthians 10:6-13).
- Occasionally, they may appear as listed references at the end of the article:
. 4. 1 Corinthians 10:6-13 (RSV).
In-Text Citations (pg. 42-44)
- Each reference is cited consecutively using a superscript Arabic numeral.
- Multiple references can be cited by listing each in order in the superscript citation, separated by a comma.
- Specific page numbers within a source can be cited by placing the page reference in parentheses after the citation number.
- Citation numbers come after commas and periods but before a colon or semicolon.
- References are numbered and listed in the order they appear in the text. (pg. 42)
- Journal names and book titles are italicized. Journal names are also abbreviated
- For resources with up to six authors, list all the authors’ names with only commas separating them. For resources with more than six authors, name the first three authors and add et al.
. . 1. Dreibelbis R, Kroeger A, Hossain K, Venkatesh M, Ram PK. Behavior change without behavior change communication: nudging handwashing among primary school students in Bangladesh. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13(129):1-7. doi:10.3390/ijerph13010129.
. . 2. Denbæk AM, Andersen A, Bonnesen CT, et al. Effect evaluation of a randomized trial to reduce infectious illness and illness-related absenteeism among schoolchildren: the Hi Five study. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018;37(1):16-21. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000001686..The following is the minimum acceptable data necessary for references:
- Print Journals: Author(s). Article title. Abbreviated Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive pages.
- Online Journals: Author(s). Article title. Abbreviated Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive pages. URL. Accessed [date].
- Print Books: Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year.
- Online Books: Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year. URL. Accessed [date].
- Website: Author (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Title (or, if no title is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the website. URL. Accessed [date]. The second line and all subsequent lines of each item on the reference list should be indented.