Tuesday, February 20, 2024

Rebecca Praetzel and Chris Kepley, PhD, FAAAAI recently had an article published in LUCOM’s CureusJournal of Medicine called “Description and Characterization of Three-Dimensional Human Mast Cell Progenitor Spheroids In Vitro.”

Human mast cells (MC) are an essential component of the immune system as they uniquely store and release a wide range of soluble mediators through IgE and non-IgE mechanisms. Several tissue sources can be used to differentiate functional MC for in vitro and in vivo studies. Here we describe an improved method for obtaining large numbers of human MC from adipose tissue with advantages over current methods. We analyzed donor parameters (e.g. age, race) on MC-isolation following adipose and skin tissue digestion from healthy donors. Adipose and skin-derived MC were morphologically and immunophenotypically similar in all donors regardless of age. However, donor-dependent variations in MC numbers were observed following tissue digestion. In addition, we identified and characterized three-dimensional structures from which mature MC emerged in vitrousing peripheral blood and human tissue sources. MC progenitor spheroids (MCPS) appeared approximately one week following progenitor isolation and were consistently observed to have mature MC attached, emerging, or nearby when cultured in a stem cell factor-containing medium. The overall characteristics of the MCPS were similar from each tissue source. We propose that these MCPS serve as the common source of human MC in vitro.

Read the full story HERE.

All research related articles by LUCOM can be found at https://www.cureus.com/channels/lucom