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Citing Multimedia

Search Multimedia by Type


Websites | Blogs | Social Networks | Comments & Discussions


Visual Arts | Performance Arts | Modern Music


Podcasts Movies & Television | Lectures | Recorded Readings


Websites

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Aaron Loy, “5 Great Things Leaders Do (That Most People Don’t),” Relevant, March 9, 2016, accessed March 10, 2016, http://www.relevantmagazine.com/life/maker/5-things-great-leaders-do-most-people-dont.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Loy, “5 Great Things.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Loy, Aaron. “5 Great things Leaders Do (That Most People Don’t). Relevant. March 9, 2016. Accessed March 10, 2016. http://www.relevantmagazine.com/life/maker/5-things-great-leaders-do-most-people-dont.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Loy 2016)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Loy, Aaron. March 9, 2016. “5 Great things Leaders Do (That Most People Don’t). Relevant. Accessed March 10, 2016. http://www.relevantmagazine.com/life/maker/5-things-great-leaders-do-most-people-dont.

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Blogs

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Jason Linkins, “Here’s One thing Congress Can Do To Mess With Trump,” Huffington Post, March 9, 2016, accessed March 10, 2016, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trump-slapp-suits_us_56e0826ce4b065e2e3d48c18.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Linkins, “Here’s One Thing.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Linkins, Jason. “Here’s One Thing Congress Can Do To Mess With Donald Trump.” Huffington Post, March 9, 2016. Accessed March 10, 2016.  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trump-slapp-suits_us_56e0826ce4b065e2e3d48c18.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • (Linkins 2016)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Linkins, Jason. March 9, 2016. “Here’s One Thing Congress Can Do To Mess With Donald Trump.” Huffington Post, Accessed March 10, 2016. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/trump-slapp-suits_us_56e0826ce4b065e2e3d48c18.

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Social Networks

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Twitter: Oprah Winfrey, Twitter post, February 19, 2016 (10:48 a.m.), accessed March 3, 2016, https://twitter.com/oprah.
  • Facebook: Post to George W. Bush’s Facebook page, March 1, 2016 (11:29 a.m.), accessed March 3, 2016, https://www.facebook.com/georgewbush.

Entry in a Bibliography

  •   Social network posts do not need to be listed in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • (Oprah Winfrey, Twitter post, February 19, 2016 [10:48 a.m.], accessed March 3, 2016, https://twitter.com/oprah)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Winfrey, Oprah. 2016. Twitter post. Accessed March 3, 2016. https://twitter.com/oprah.

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Comments & Discussions

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Devin Mc, comment, August 31, 2015 (2:59 p.m.), on “What Does ‘Broad-Shouldered Beasts’ by Mumford & Sons Mean?” Clifford Stumme (blog), May 5, 2015, accessed March 3, 2016, http://cliffordstumme.com/2015/05/05/what-does-broad-shouldered-beasts-by-mumford-sons-mean.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Mc, “What Does.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Comments made on a webpage do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • (Devin Mc, August 31, 2015 [2:59 p.m.], comment on Stumme 2015)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Comments made on a webpage do not need to be included in the reference list.

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Visual Arts – Paintings, Sculptures, Photography, etc.

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Vincent Van Gogh, The Potato Eaters, April 1885, The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Van Gogh, Potato Eaters.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Van Gogh, Vincent. The Potato Eaters. April 1885. The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • (Vincent Van Gogh, The Potato Eaters, April 1885, The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Van Gogh, Vincent. 1885. The Potato Eaters. The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam.

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Performance Arts – Live Performances, Plays, Musical Scores, etc.

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Live Performance:
    • First Citation: A Street Car Named Desire, by Tennessee Williams, directed by Benedict Andrews, The Young Vic in London, England, July 23, 2014.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Street Car Named Desire, by Williams, directed by Andrews.
  • Play (print as opposed to live performance):
    • First Citation: William Shakespeare, King Henry the Fourth, act 2, scene 1.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Shakespeare, King Henry, 2.1.
  • Musical Score:
    • First Citation: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, The Magic Flute (New York: International Music Company, 2001).
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Mozart, “The Magic Flute.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Live Performance: Live performances do not need to be included in the bibliography.
  • Play (print): Shakespeare, William. King Henry the Fourth. Edited by Stephen Orgel. New York: Penguin Group, 2002.
  • Musical Score: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. The Magic Flute. New York: International Music Company, 2001.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Live Performance: (A Street Car Named Desire, by Tennessee Williams, directed by Benedict Andrews, The Young Vic in London, England, July 23, 2014)
  • Play (print as opposed to live performance): (William Shakespeare, King Henry the Fourth, act 2, scene 1)
  • Musical Score: (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, The Magic Flute. New York: International Music Company, 2001)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Live Performance: A Street Car Named Desire. 2014. By Tennessee Williams. Directed by Benedict Andrews. The Young Vic in London, England. July 23, 2014.
  • Play (print): Shakespeare, William. 2002. King Henry the Fourth. Edited by Stephen Orgel. New York: Penguin Group.
  • Musical Score: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. 2001. The Magic Flute. New York: International Music Company.

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Modern Music – Songs and Music Videos

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Modern Song: Ellie Goulding, “On My Mind” (video), September 21, 2015, accessed March 7, 2016,https://youtu.be/H202k7KfZL0.
  • Music Video: Axel Hedfors et al., “Don’t You Worry Child,” (music video), directed by Christopher Barret Riley, accessed March 7, 2016, https://youtu.be/5860RisLnFM.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Modern songs and music videos need not be included in the bibliography unless a crucial part of the paper.
  • Modern Song: Goulding, Ellie. “On My Mind” (video). September 21, 2015. Accessed March 7, 2016.https://youtu.be/H202k7KfZL0.
  • Music Video: Hedfors, Axel, Steve Angello, Sebastian Ingrosso, John Martin Lindström, and Michel Zitron. “Don’t You Worry Child” (music video). Directed by Christopher Barret Riley. Accessed March 7, 2016. https://youtu.be/5860RisLnFM.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Modern Song: (Goulding 2015)
  • Music Video: (Hedfors et al. “Don’t You Worry Child”)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Modern Song: Goulding, Ellie. 2015. “On My Mind” (video). September 21, 2015. Accessed March 7, 2016.https://youtu.be/H202k7KfZL0.
  • Music Video: Hedfors, Axel, Steve Angello, Sebastian Ingrosso, John Martin Lindström, and Michel Zitron. n.d. “Don’t You Worry Child” (music video). Directed by Christopher Barret Riley. Accessed March 7, 2016. https://youtu.be/5860RisLnFM.

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Podcasts

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Albert Mohler, “The Briefing 3-7-16,” (podcast), accessed March 7, 2016, http://www.albertmohler.com/2016/03/07/the-briefing-03-07-16/.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Mohler, “Briefing 3-7-16.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Mohler, Albert. “The Briefing 3-7-16” (podcast). Accessed March 7, 2016.http://www.albertmohler.com/2016/03/07/the-briefing-03-07-16/.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • (Mohler “The Briefing 3-7-16”)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Mohler, Albert. n. d. “The Briefing 3-7-16” (podcast). Accessed March 7, 2016. http://www.albertmohler.com/2016/03/07/the-briefing-03-07-16/.

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Movies & Television

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Movie: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End, directed by Gore Verbinski (Walt Disney Pictures, 2011), DVD (Jerry Bruckheimer Films, 2012).
  • Television Episode: The Bachelor, season 20, episode 8, “Hometown Dates,” directed by Brett Register, aired February 22, 2016, on ABC.
  • Television Interview: Martin Freeman, interview by Jimmy Fallon, The Tonight Show, February 29, 2016, 45 seconds.
  • Television Advertisement: Doritos, “Ultrasound,” advertisement on CBS Sports, February 7, 2016, 31 seconds.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Movie: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End. Directed by Gore Verbinski. Walt Disney Pictures, 2011. DVD. Jerry Bruckheimer Films, 2012.
  • Television Episode: The Bachelor. Season 20, episode 8, “Hometown Dates.” Directed by Brett Register. Aired February 22, 2016, on ABC.
  • Television Interview: Television interviews do not need to be included in the bibliography.
  • Television Advertisement: Television advertisements do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Movie: (Verbinksi 2012).
  • Television Episode: (The Bachelor 2016)
  • Television Interview: (The Tonight Show 2016)
  • Television Advertisement: (Doritos 2016)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Movie: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End. 2012. Directed by Gore Verbinski. Walt Disney Pictures, 2011. DVD. Jerry Bruckheimer Films, 2012.
  • Television Episode: The Bachelor. 2016. Season 20, episode 8, “Hometown Dates.” Directed by Brett Register. Aired February 22, 2016, on ABC.
  • Television Interview: Martin Freeman. 2016. Interview by Jimmy Fallon. The Tonight Show, February 29, 2016, 45 seconds.
  • Television Advertisement: Television advertisements do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Lectures

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Video Lecture:
    • First Citation: Ben Gutierrez, “Consider Your Personal Spiritual Growth” (lecture, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA, March 6, 2012).
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Gutierrez, “Consider.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Video Lecture: Gutierrez, Ben. “Consider Your Personal Spiritual Growth.” Lecture, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA, March 6, 2012.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Video Lecture: (Gutierrez 2012)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Video Lecture: Gutierrez, Ben. 2012. “Consider Your Personal Spiritual Growth” (video). Lecture, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA, March 6. https://learn.liberty.edu/webapps/blackboard/content/listContent.jsp?course_id=_228950_1&content_id=_7746147_1.

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Recorded Readings

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Sylvia Plath, vocalist, The Disquieting Muses, by Sylvia Plath, Sylvia Plath Reading her Poetry, CD, 2011
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Plath, “Disquieting Muses.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Plath, Sylvia, vocalist. The Disquieting Muses, by Sylvia Plath. Sylvia Plath Reading her Poetry. CD. 2011.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Plath 2011)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Plath, Sylvia, vocalist. 2011. The Disquieting Muses, by Sylvia Plath. Sylvia Plath Reading her Poetry. CD.

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Material on this page adapted from Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. In manual, see 16.1-16.4, 17.7, 17.8, 18.1-18.3, 19.7, 19.8.