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Citing Books in Turabian

Search Books by Type


One Author | Two-Three Authors | Four or More Authors


Ebooks | Editor or Translator | Book Review


Organization as Author | Anonymous Author | Author Pseudonym


Single Chapter | Multiple Editions | Multiple Volumes | Part of a Series


Bible and Sacred Works | Classical Works | Dictionary | Encyclopedia


One Author

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1932), 25.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Huxley, New World, 25.

Entry in a Bibliography

  •   Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1932.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Huxley 1932, 25)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Huxley, Aldous. 1932. Brave New World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co.

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Two-Three Authors

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Two Authors:
    • First Citation: Rachel Cohn and David Levithan, Nick & Norah’s Infinite Playlist (New York: Alfred K. Knopf Books for Young Readers, 2007), 56.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Cohn and Levithan, Nick & Norah’s, 56.
  • Three Authors:
    • First Citation: Walder Frey, Roose Bolton, and Tywin Lannister, Wedding Planning in Westeros (King’s Landing: Castamere Publishing, 2013), 300.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Frey, Bolton, and Lannister, Wedding Planning, 300.

Entry in a Bibliography:

  • Two Authors: Cohn, Rachel, and David Levithan. Nick & Norah’s Infinite Playlist. New York: Alfred K. Knopf Books for Young Readers, 2007.
  • Three Authors: Frey, Walder, Roose Bolton, and Tywin Lannister. Wedding Planning in Westeros. King’s Landing: Castamere Publishing, 2013.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Two Authors: (Cohn and Levithan 2007, 56)
  • Three Authors: (Frey, Bolton, and Lannister 2013, 300)

Entry in a Reference List:

  • Two Authors: Cohn, Rachel, and David Levithan. 2007. Nick & Norah’s Infinite Playlist. New York: Alfred K. Knopf Books for Young Readers.
  • Three Authors: Frey, Walder, Roose Bolton, and Tywin Lannister. 2013. Wedding Planning in Westeros. King’s Landing: Castamere Publishing.

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Four or More Authors

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: John Blake et al., The Lost Decade: History of Lost Oral Traditions (New York, NY: Hunter Publishing, 2008), 178-182.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Blake et al., Lost Decade, 178-182.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Blake, John, Kirk Langdon, Hannah Greenberg, and Patrick Smith. The Lost Decade: History of Lost Oral Traditions. New York, NY: Hunter Publishing, 2008.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Blake et al. 2008, 178-182)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Blake, John, Kirk Langdon, Hannah Greenberg, and Patrick Smith. 2008. The Lost Decade: History of Lost Oral Traditions. New York, NY: Hunter Publishing.

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Editor/Translator

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Author plus editor/translator: 
    • First Citation: Jovi Rockwell, The Stray Cats of Lynchburg: A Guide to Cat Identification, ed. Chris M. Schulz (Lynchburg, VA: Warwick House Publishing, 2006), 56.
      • If source has a translator, rather than editor, substitute “trans.” where the citation reads “ed.”.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Rockwell, Stray Cats, 56.
  • Editor/translator in place of author:
    • First Citation: Jonathan Caines, trans., No: A Guide to Setting Boundaries (Durham, NC: Magnolia Street Publishers, 2000), 55.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Caines., Setting Boundaries, 55.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Author plus editor/translator: Rockwell, Jovi. The Stray Cats of Lynchburg: A Guide to Cat Identification. Edited by Chris M. Schulz. Lynchburg, VA: Warwick House Publishing, 2006.
  • Editor/translator in place of author: Caines, Jonathan, trans. No: A Guide to Setting Boundaries. Durham, NC: Magnolia Street Publishers, 2000.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Author plus editor/translator: (Rockwell 2006, 56)
  • Editor/translator in place of author: (Caines 2000, 55)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Author plus editor/translator: Rockwell, Jovi. 2006. The Stray Cats of Lynchburg: A Guide to Cat Identification. Edited by Chris M. Schulz. Lynchburg, VA: Warwick House Publishing.
  • Editor/translator in place of author: Caines, Jonathan, trans. 2000. No: A Guide to Setting Boundaries. Durham, NC: Magnolia Street Publishers, 2000.

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Book Review

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Joel Mokyr, review of Natural Experiments of History, edited by Jared Diamond and James A. Robinson, American Historical Review 116, no. 3 (June 2011): 752-55.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Mokyr, review of Natural Experiments, 752-55.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Mokyr, Joel. Review of Natural Experiments of History, edited by Jared Diamond and James A. Robinson. American Historical Review 116, no. 3 (June 2011): 752-55.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Mokyr 2011, 753)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Mokyr, Joel. 2011. Review of Natural Experiments of History, edited by Jared Diamond and James A. Robinson. American Historical Review 116, no. 3 (June 2011): 752-55.

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Ebooks

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • From database/website:
    • First Citation: Kelsie Bacon, How to Get Famous: The Importance of a Delicious Last Name (New York: Fake Publishing Publishers, 2013), 41, accessed November 7, 2015, ProQuest Ebrary.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Bacon, Famous, 41.
  • With DOI:
    • First Citation: Jennifer Aniston, Studies on the Origins of Proto-Indo-European Languages (Cambridge: Cambridge Publishers, 2006), 15, accessed January 2, 2015, http://dx.doi.org/doi number.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Anniston, Proto-Indo-European Languages, 15.
  • From Kindle or other service:
    • First Citation: Bevin Kacon, Not Kevin Bacon: Seriously, That’s Someone Else (Boston: Boston University Publishing, 2007), 249, Kindle.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Kacon, Kevin Bacon, 249.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • From database/website: Bacon, Kelsie. How to Get Famous: The Importance of a Delicious Last Name. New York: Fake Publishing Publishers, 2013. Accessed November 7, 2015. ProQuest Ebrary.
  • With DOI: Aniston, Jennifer. Studies on the Origins of Proto-Indo-European Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge Publishers, 2006. Accessed January 2, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/doi number.
  • From Kindle or other service: Kacon, Bevin. Not Kevin Bacon: Seriously, That’s Someone Else. Boston: Boston University Publishing, 2007. Kindle.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • From database/website: (Bacon 2013, 41)
  • With DOI: (Aniston 2006, 15)
  • From Kindle or other service: (Kacon 2007, 249)

Entry in a Reference List

  • From database/website: Bacon, Kelsie. 2013. How to Get Famous: The Importance of a Delicious Last Name. New York: Fake Publishing Publishers. Accessed November 7, 2015. ProQuest Ebrary.
  • With DOI: Aniston, Jennifer. 2006. Studies on the Origins of Proto-Indo-European Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge Publishers. Accessed January 2, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/doi number.
  • From Kindle or other service: Kacon, Bevin. 2007. Not Kevin Bacon: Seriously, That’s Someone Else. Boston: Boston University Publishing. Kindle.

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Organization as Author

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Canadian Pro-Canada Association, Top Fifty Canadians of All Time (Montreal: Canada Wild Publishers, 2008), 184.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: CPA, Top Fifty Canadians, 184.

Entry in a Bibliography

  •   Canadian Pro-Canada Association. Top Fifty Canadians of All Time. Montreal: Canada Wild Publishers, 2008.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Canadian Pro-Canada Association 2008, 184)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Canadian Pro-Canada Association. 2008. Top Fifty Canadians of All Time. Montreal: Canada Wild Publishers.

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Anonymous Author

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • If the author’s identity is hinted at: 
    • First Citation: [Jack Coleman?], A Presidential Novel (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011), 15.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: [Coleman?], Presidential Novel, 15.
  • If the author’s identity is completely unknown:
    • First Citation: A Presidential Novel (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011), 15.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: A Presidential Novel, 15.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • If the author’s identity is hinted at: [Jack Coleman?]. A Presidential Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
  • If the author’s identity is completely unknown: A Presidential Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Whether the author’s identity is hinted at or completely unknown: (A Presidential Novel, 2011, 15)

Entry in a Reference List

  • If the author’s identity is hinted at: [Jack Coleman?]. 2011. A Presidential Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • If the author’s identity is completely unknownA Presidential Novel. 2011. New York: Simon & Schuster.

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Author Pseudonym

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • If the author’s pseudonym is well-known and widely accepted: there is no need to clearly mark the pseudonym.
    • First Citation: Lemony Snicket, The Bad Beginning, or Orphans!, A Series of Unfortunate Events, No. 1 (New York: HarperCollins, 2007), 15.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Snicket, Bad Beginning, 15.
  • If the author’s pseudonym is not well-known or widely accepted: the pseudonym must be clearly marked.
    • First Citation: Professor X [pseud.], In the Basement of the Ivory Tower: Confessions of an Accidental Academic (New York: Penguin Group, 2011), 15.
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Professor X, Ivory Tower, 15.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • If the author’s pseudonym is well-known and widely accepted: Snicket, Lemony. The Bad Beginning, or Orphans!. A Series of Unfortunate Events, No. 1. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.
  • If the author’s pseudonym is not well-known or widely accepted: Professor X [pseud.]. In the Basement of the Ivory Tower: Confessions of an Accidental Academic. New York: Penguin Group, 2011.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • If the author’s pseudonym is well-known and widely accepted: (Snicket 2007, 15)
  • If the author’s pseudonym is not well-known or widely accepted: (Professor X 2011, 15)

Entry in a Reference List

  • If the author’s pseudonym is well-known and widely accepted: Snicket, Lemony. 2007. The Bad Beginning, or Orphans!. A Series of Unfortunate Events, No. 1. New York: HarperCollins.
  • If the author’s pseudonym is not well-known or widely accepted: Professor X [pseud.]. 2011. In the Basement of the Ivory Tower: Confessions of an Accidental Academic. New York: Penguin Group.

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Single Chapter

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Michael Powell, “Enjoying the Best of Life” in Living Fully (London: Penguin Books, 2012), 35.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Powell, “Enjoying,” in Living Fully, 35.

Entry in a Bibliography

  •   Powell, Michael. “Enjoying the Best of Life.” In Living Fully, 32-40. London: Penguin Books, 2012.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Powell 2004, 35)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Powell, Michael. 2012. “Enjoying the Best of Life.” In Living Fully, 32-40. London: Penguin Books.

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Multiple Editions

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Robin Parritz and Michael Troy, Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology, 2nd ed. (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2014), 23.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Parritz and Troy, Disorders, 2nd ed., 23.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Parritz, Robin, and Michael Troy. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2014.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Parritz and Troy 2014, 23)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Parritz, Robin, and Michael Troy. 2014. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

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Multiple Volumes

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Volume from a set:
    • Individually Titled Volume:
      • First Citation: Benjamin Franklin, The Compleated Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin, ed. Mark Skousen, vol. 2, 1757-1790 (Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2007), 23.
      • Subsequent Short Citation: Franklin, Compleated Autobiography, 23.
    • Untitled Volume:
      • First Citation: John A. Hammerton, ed., The World’s Greatest Books (Boston, MA: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2005), 1:26.
      • Subsequent Short Citation: Hammerton, World’s Greatest, 1:26.
  • Entire set of volumes: It is best practice to specifically site an individual volume from a set, rather than the entire set.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Volume from a set:
    • Individually Titled Volume: Franklin, Benjamin. The Compleated Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin. Vol. 2, 1757-1790. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2007.
    • Untitled Volume: Hammerton, John A., ed. The World’s Greatest Books. Vols. 1 and 3. Boston: MA, Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2005.
  • Entire set of volumes: It is best practice to specifically site an individual volume from a set, rather than the entire set.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Volume from a set:
    • Individually Titled Volume: (Franklin 2007, 2:23)
    • Untitled Volume: (Hammerton 2005, 1:26)
  • Entire set of volumes: It is best practice to specifically site an individual volume from a set, rather than the entire set.

Entry in a Reference List

  • Volume from a set:
    • Individually Titled Volume: Franklin, Benjamin. 2007. The Compleated Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin. Vol. 2, 1757-1790. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, Inc.
    • Untitled Volume: Hammerton, John A., ed. 2005. The World’s Greatest Books. Vols. 1 and 3. Boston: MA, Regnery Publishing, Inc..
  • Entire set of volumes: It is best practice to specifically site an individual volume from a set, rather than the entire set.

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Part of a Series

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • First Citation: Kevin Bacon, Being Kevin Bacon, The Bacon Monograph Series (Toronto: Toronto Publishing, 2001), 345.
  • Subsequent Short Citation: Bacon, Kevin Bacon, 345.

Entry in a Bibliography:

  •   Bacon, Kevin. Being Kevin Bacon. The Bacon Monograph Series. Toronto: Toronto Publishing, 2001.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Bacon 2001, 345)

Entry in a Reference List:

  • Bacon, Kevin. 2001. Being Kevin Bacon. The Bacon Monograph Series. Toronto: Toronto Publishing.

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Bible and Sacred Works

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Bible:
    • First Citation: Pss. 121:3-4, 128:3 (English Standard Version).
    • Subsequent Short Citation: Jn. 3:16.
  • Qur’an: 
    • Citation with Section: Qur’an 8 (Al-Anfal):1.
    • Citation without Section: Qur’an 1:3.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • The Bible and other sacred works do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  • Bible: (Pss. 121:3-4, 128:3 [English Standard Version]) or (Pss. 121:3-4)
  • Qur’an: (Qur’an 8 [Al-Anfal]:1) or (Qur’an 1:3)

Entry in a Reference List

  • The Bible and other sacred works do not need to be included in the reference list.

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Classical Works

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  • Homer, The Odyssey bk. 1, lines 1-15.

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Classical works do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Homer, 1997 bk. 1, lines 1-15)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Classical works do not need to be included in the reference list.

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Dictionary

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  •  Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed., s.v. “mondegreen.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Well-known dictionaries do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed., s.v. “mondegreen”)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Well-known dictionaries do not need to be included in the reference list.

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Encyclopedia

Notes-Bibliography Style

Footnote/Endnote Citation

  •  Encyclopedia Britannica, s.v. “Siblius, Jean.”

Entry in a Bibliography

  • Well-known encyclopedias do not need to be included in the bibliography.

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Author-Date Style

Parenthetical Citation

  •  (Encyclopedia Britannica, s.v. “Siblius, Jean”)

Entry in a Reference List

  • Well-known encyclopedias do not need to be included in the reference list.

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Material on this page adapted from Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. In manual, see 16.1-16.4, 17.1, 17.5, 17.6, 18.1-18.3, 19.1, 19.5, and 19.6.