Home          Academics          Course Descriptions

Course Descriptions

Required Courses

First Year Required Courses – Fall

LAW 501: Foundations of Law I (2)

An introduction to the theological and philosophical foundations of law, including the Creator/creature distinction; the development of natural law thinking; the origins and jurisdictional boundaries of family, church, and state; and the biblical basis for the fundamental principles of civil procedure, tort law, criminal law, contract law, and property law, which comprise the basic curriculum.

LAW 505: Contracts I (3)

A study of the history of the development of the common law of contracts, and statutory variances from the common law, particularly the Uniform Commercial Code. It focuses on legal theories for enforcing promises or preventing unjust enrichment; and principles controlling the formation, modification, and enforceability of contracts.

LAW 511:Torts I (3)

A study of intentional torts against persons and property and the privileges thereto. It focuses on the basic principles of negligence and other standards of care.

LAW 515: Property I (2)

A study of the fundamental precepts applicable to real and personal property. Aspects of real property covered are possessory estates and interests, as well as joint and concurrent ownership.

LAW 521: Civil Procedure I (3)

An introduction to the rules and principles that dictate the process by which civil disputes are resolved by courts. A study of the judicial process and of the relationship between the procedural and substantive law; pleadings; principles of jurisdiction, including jurisdiction over subject matter and persons, and service of process; and an introduction to the allocation of jurisdiction between the state and federal courts and the law to be applied in state courts and federal courts.

LAW 525: Lawyering Skills I (2)

An introduction to the law library and basic legal research; interviewing clients; drafting basic pleadings; fundamentals of legal writing; fundamentals of statutory and case analysis; oral communication skills; drafting an objective memorandum of law.

First Year Required Courses – Spring

LAW 502: Foundations of Law II (2)

Prerequisite: Foundations of Law I
An introduction to the historical and political background of the American legal tradition, including the biblical principles that form the foundation of America’s legal institutions and constitutional system; the influence of Christian and secular worldviews on the application of American law; and the development of the respective jurisdictional bases of family, church, and state.

LAW 506: Contracts II (3)

Prerequisite: Contracts I
A study of the legal principles dealing with performance, remedies for nonperformance or threatened nonperformance, excuses for nonperformance, rights of nonparties to enforce contracts, assignment of rights, and delegation of duties.

LAW 512: Torts II (2)

Prerequisite: Torts I.  A survey of the remaining issues in negligence including particular duties of landowners, damages, joint and several liability, and defenses. It also deals with products liability, wrongful death, vicarious liability, and nuisance.

LAW 516: Property II (3)

Prerequisite: Property I
A study of the rights, duties, and liabilities of landlords and tenants; acquisition, ownership, and transfer of property; rights of possession; donative transactions; issues in the conveyancing system; and governmental regulations.

LAW 520: Legal Methods (2)

The Legal Methods course continues development of the legal reasoning and writing skills students acquired in the first semester of the lawyering skills program. Through written exercises, case studies and discussion, the methods course strengthens existing critical thinking skills and deepens students’ understanding of analogical reasoning and its use in legal writing and analysis.

LAW 522: Civil Procedure II (2)

Prerequisite: Civil Procedure I.  A continuation of Civil Procedure I with a focus on pleadings, joinder of parties and claims, discovery, motions, trial, post-trial matters, and the binding effects of adjudications.

LAW 526: Lawyering Skills II (3)

Prerequisite: Lawyering Skills I
A continuation of Lawyering Skills I with an increased level of sophistication in researching, analysis and writing; drafting basic transactional documents; drafting a memorandum of law; oral argument. (Lawyering Skills II is a single course with two components, both of which will appear on the student’s transcript with two separate grades and credit hour amounts. Legal Research, the research component of this course, is taught during an intensive week prior to the start of the spring semester. Lawyering Skills II, including the Legal Research component, is a total of three credit hours).

Second Year Required Courses – Fall

LAW 531: Constitutional Law I (3)

An analysis of the basic principles of constitutional law, including the nature of a written constitution, the covenantal framework of the U.S. Constitution, the Marshall legacy and judicial review, theories of interpretation, and principles of interpretivism. Emphasis is given to the distribution of governmental powers in the federal system; separation of powers; the federal commerce, taxing, and foreign affairs powers; intergovernmental relations; due process; and equal protection.

LAW 535: Criminal Law (3)

An introduction to the general principles, sources, and purpose of criminal law, including the following doctrinal issues that apply to crimes in general: the act requirement, the mens rea requirement, causation, liability for attempted crimes, accomplice liability, defenses, and criminal code interpretation.

LAW 545: Evidence (3)

An introduction to the law of evidence and the rules and principles governing its admission within the context of the adversarial trial system. Emphasis is placed upon mastering the Federal Rules of Evidence, examination and cross-examination of witnesses, functions of the judge and the jury, and burden of proof. (NOTE: This course is a prerequisite for Virginia Third-Year Practice and must be taken in the second year.)

LAW 561: Business Associations (4)

An examination of agency, partnership, and corporation concepts with emphasis on the rights and obligations of partners; and the formation, management, and operation of for-profit and nonprofit corporations.

LAW 571: Lawyering Skills III (2)

Prerequisite: Lawyering Skills II
Students continue the pretrial development of a case. A major focus is on drafting and arguing pretrial motions, in particular motions in limine in a civil trial. Students also further develop skills of interviewing and witness preparation, examining witnesses, negotiating settlements and pretrial agreements. The planning portion of the course focuses on drafting documents necessary for the effective establishment and operation of one or more business organizations.

LAW 591: Taxation of Individuals (3)

An introduction to the federal income tax system. Topics include items of inclusion and exclusion from gross income, deductions from gross income, capital gains and losses, basic tax accounting, and the identification of income to the appropriate taxpayer. The course gives consideration to the private attorney’s role in administering the tax law and in advising clients on the interaction of the tax law with their businesses, investments, and personal activities.This course must be taken in the fall or spring semester of the student’s second year or in the fall semester of the student’s third year.

Second Year Required Courses – Spring

LAW 532: Constitutional Law II (3)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
A study of the history and development of the First Amendment and the body of constitutional law including the doctrines of freedom of speech, press, peaceable assembly, the right to petition the government for the redress of grievances, and the religion clauses.

LAW 541: Criminal Procedure (3)

An introduction to the limitations imposed on law enforcement activities by the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution as applied to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment. The course considers the criminal justice process from investigation through arrest and initial court appearance.

LAW 545: Evidence (3)

An introduction to the law of evidence and the rules and principles governing its admission within the context of the adversarial trial system. Emphasis is placed upon mastering the Federal Rules of Evidence, examination and cross-examination of witnesses, functions of the judge and the jury, and burden of proof. (NOTE: This course is a prerequisite for Virginia Third-Year Practice and must be taken in the second year.)

LAW 565: Professional Responsibility (2)

A study of the authority and duties of lawyers in the practice of their profession as advocates, mediators, and counselors; and of their responsibility to the courts, to the bar, and to their clients, including a study of the various ABA standards of professional conduct. (NOTE: This course is a prerequisite for Virginia Third-Year Practice; it must be taken in the spring semester of the student’s second year or during an intensive session.)

LAW 572: Lawyering Skills IV (2)

Prerequisite: Lawyering Skills III
Students review and then practice the major steps in the pretrial litigation process, including litigation planning, informal fact investigation, legal research, and all facets of discovery. Each student prepares requests for documents, interrogatories, and requests for admissions. Each student also conducts and defends a deposition of one of the parties or witnesses in a case. Students also draft and argue a motion to dismiss in a criminal trial.

LAW 595: Lawyering Skills V: Trial Advocacy (3)

Prerequisites: Evidence; Lawyering Skills IV
The basics of trial advocacy. There is an emphasis on mastering certain litigation and trial tasks; paying attention to detail; and precision in analysis, thought, expression, and communication.

Third Year Required Courses – Fall

LAW 575: Wills, Trusts, and Estates (3)

A study of the basic devices in gratuitous transfers, including the will and trust; selected problems in class gifts, and will and trust substitutes; and social restrictions upon the power of testation, the formation of property interests, and the trust device.

LAW 595: Lawyering Skills V: Trial Advocacy (3)

Prerequisites: Evidence; Lawyering Skills IV
The basics of trial advocacy. There is an emphasis on mastering certain litigation and trial tasks; paying attention to detail; and precision in analysis, thought, expression, and communication.

Third Year Required Courses – Spring

LAW 595: Lawyering Skills V: Trial Advocacy (3)

Prerequisites: Evidence; Lawyering Skills IV
The basics of trial advocacy. There is an emphasis on mastering certain litigation and trial tasks; paying attention to detail; and precision in analysis, thought, expression, and communication.

LAW ___: Lawyering Skills VI (2-3)

The course requirements are satisfied by taking Appellate Advocacy, Business Planning, Estate Planning, Real Estate Transactions and Development, Mediation, Advanced Trial Advocacy, Public Policy Lawyering Skills, or Constitutional Litigation Clinic.

 

Elective Courses Listed by Term

Subject to availability. Scheduling of elective courses is at the discretion of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

Fall

LAW 832: Advanced Appellate Advocacy (1)

Prerequisite: Competed in the 2L/3L Liberty Cup Moot Court Tournament
This course requires research of unique legal issues, preparation of an appellate brief, preparation of at least two oral arguments, and participation in an intercollegiate moot court tournament.  Successful completion of the course will be determined by the Moot Court Faculty Advisor based on the student’s preparation for the tournament and demonstrated competence in both the written and oral skills. Only two credits for LAW 832 may count toward the credits required for graduation. Course credit is pass/fail.

LAW 542: Advanced Criminal Procedure (3) (3L)

Prerequisite: Criminal Procedure
This course examines the process of the adjudicatory stages of criminal procedure, beginning with the pre-trial detention and continuing through trial and sentencing. Topics that will be covered in this course include pre-trial detention, initiating the charging decision, bail and pretrial release, grand jury practice,  discovery, the plea, speedy trial rights, right to counsel, trial by jury, the criminal trial, double jeopardy, sentencing, and post-conviction relief. For a student pursuing a career with a concentration in criminal practice, this course is best taken immediately subsequent to Criminal Procedure and prior to a criminal law externship.

LAW 904: Advanced Research and Writing (2)

Advanced Research and Writing provides advanced instruction in legal research techniques and hones the writing skills learned in LS I and II. Students will draft a variety of common, legal documents used in litigation and transactional work.

LAW 825: Advanced Trial Advocacy (3) (3L)

Prerequisites: Evidence; Lawyering Skills V
A course building on the foundation of Lawyering Skills V. Develops courtroom skills through simulated trials. Focus is on opening statement, direct and cross-examination, and closing argument.

LAW 831: Appellate Advocacy (2)

Prerequisites: Lawyering Skills I and II
An introduction to the mechanics of appellate brief-writing and oral argument by engaging in simulated oral arguments. It is designed to develop clear and persuasive communication skills through written and oral advocacy. (NOTE: This course is offered in the Fall Semester and is designed for those who are interested in participating in Moot Court.)

LAW 655: Bankruptcy (3)

Prerequisite: Business Associations
A course covering the history and philosophy of the Bankruptcy Acts and Bankruptcy Rules as interpreted by the United States Supreme Court and the other inferior courts. It includes relief under chapters 7, 11, and 13 of the Bankruptcy Code; complaints; motions; and applications. It deals extensively with the rights and duties of debtors and creditors.

LAW 637: Basic Uniform Commercial Code (3)

A study of the Uniform Commercial Code with an emphasis on Articles 3, 4, and 9 covering general principles applicable to promissory notes and drafts, bank deposits and collections, and secured transactions.

LAW 755: Bioethics and the Law (3)

The course involves the study of law, policy, and litigation issues relating to stem cell and cloning research, abortion, reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization, and euthanasia. Course material includes case studies, legislative and regulatory reviews, the reports of specialized task forces and professional panels, and historic analyses. The course will also review litigation and policy developments in these respective areas.

LAW 605: Children and the Law Seminar (2)

A study of delinquency, deprivation, status offenses, and dependency in Juvenile Court. History of the Juvenile Court, development of children’s rights, and trends in juvenile justice.

LAW 851: Constitutional Litigation Clinic (2)

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor is required and availability is limited.
Students will be provided a hands-on experience in Constitutional litigation representing actual clients and preparing and prosecuting a lawsuit at the trial and/or appellate level. Students share responsibility for the management of a case under supervision of a member of the faculty and licensed attorneys and staff with Liberty Counsel. Students will be expected to research, write legal arguments, and engage in critical thinking in order to prosecute a case. Coursework encompasses civil procedure, evidence, substantive law, law office management, ethics, and professional responsibility.

LAW 862: Criminal Law Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Qualify for third-year practice in Virginia (3L students); approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time in a Commonwealth’s Attorney’s Office, Public Defender’s Office or private practice under the supervision of an attorney in that office and the Externship Director. Students receive guidance and training in lawyering skills, interview and prepare witnesses for trial and appear in court. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 868: Directed Research in Law and Policy (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Includes components of an externship, with real-life legal work generated by the client of a supervising externship attorney, and an independent study, with research and writing covering subject matter comparable to that in other academic activities.

LAW 781: Employment Law (3)

A survey of common law and federal and state statutes regulating the relationship between an employer and an employee. Subjects include the hiring process, termination, terms and conditions of employment, disability unemployment, and retirement.

LAW 861: Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Externs earn academic credit while working part time in government, public interest, non-profit or for-profit institutions.  Externs work under the supervision of qualified and experienced attorneys and the Externship Director who provide guidance and training in practical lawyering skills. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 705: First Amendment Law Seminar (2) (3L)

Prerequisites:  Constitutional Law I and II
A study of the history and development of the First Amendment and the body of Constitutional law including the doctrines of freedom of religion, speech, press, peaceable assembly, the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances, and the balance between church and state.

LAW 747: Immigration Law and Policy (2)

This course is an overview of immigration law and policy in the United States. Migration policy has long provoked controversy and has become even more contentious in the new era of homeland security since September 11, 2001. Immigration bills in Congress have been the subject of heated debates, particularly in recent years. However, to have a truly informed opinion on the subject, one must understand the history of immigration law in the United States, the statutory framework into which any new legislation must fit, and the legal process used to enforce U.S. immigration law. This course will examine federal immigration law and policy in a variety of its aspects–contemporary and historical, substantive and procedural, statutory and regulatory and constitutional–including the criteria for admission to the United States on a temporary or permanent basis, the grounds and process of deportation, the peculiar constitutional status of foreign nationals, the role of the courts in ensuring the legality of official action, and an introduction to refugee law.

LAW 871: Independent Study (1-3)

Prerequisites:  Second year standing; approval of a professor-advisor and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs; satisfy the requirements in §07.14 of the academic Policies and Procedures.
A supervised research and writing course that covers subject matter comparable to that in other academic activities with minimum faculty guidance. Guidelines are published in the Academic Standards Policies and Procedures.

LAW 661: Intellectual Property (3)

An introduction to the basic principles of the law of copyrights, trademarks, patents, and unfair competition.  An overview of the U.S. legal systems that protect creations of the mind: inventions, trade secrets, artistic creations, computer software, brand names, and image/persona, with primary focus on patent, copyright, trademark, and trade secret law.  It serves as a basic building block for more advanced intellectual property courses.

LAW 662: Intellectual Property Clinic I

This is a two-credit intensive. Students will learn practical, skills-based training by representing real clients as part of the Intellectual Property Law Clinic. Students will be supervised by a faculty member and licensed Virginia Attorney. Students will be exposed to copyright and trademark law. Wih respect to trademark practice, students will engage in trademark searching and due diligence; trademark applications prosecution; examination issues; opposition proceedings; and cancellation proceedings, among other topics. With respect to copyrights, students will engage in registration with the U.S. Copyright Office. Students will have client interaction and conduct legal research and writing. The clinic also has a classroom component that will meet regularly and cover the legal, ethical, and professional issues that arise during the Clinic.

LAW 741: International Law (3)

Corequisite: Constitutional Law I
A survey of public international law, its nature, sources, and application. Addressed are: international agreements, international organizations, states and recognition, nationality and alien rights, territorial and maritime jurisdiction, state responsibility and international claims including expropriation and the act of state doctrine, the laws of war, and the developing law of human rights.

LAW 863: Judicial Clerks Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time under the supervision of a judge and his or her staff attorneys and the Externship Director. Students receive guidance and training in legal research and writing, write research memoranda, and draft opinions for judges. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 785: Land Use and Zoning (3)

A selective examination of governmental regulation of the use of real estate and of the land development industry. It is fundamentally a course in applied Constitutional and administrative law.  While it includes the law of nuisance, zoning, density, growth, and subdivision controls, it is a vehicle for exploring the public regulation of business behavior in general, including various strategies for deregulation.

LAW 648: Law of Nonprofits (2)

This course includes the study of the state and federal law affecting nonprofit entities, churches and parachurch ministries. Topics covered include formation, exempt purposes, private inurement, board governance, compensation, fundraising and financial regulation, charitable contributions, lobbying, political activity, electioneering, unrelated business income, employment law, church-specific matters, and international law, activities and structure.

LAW 881: Law Review Candidacy (1)

Prerequisites: Second year standing; membership is by invitation only based upon the student’s demonstration of advanced academic and writing ability and criteria set forth in the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. Participation in law review activities in the fall semester includes writing a note or comment judged to meet the acceptable or publishable standard, editing student written notes and comments, editing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other editorial and staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 885: Law Review Editorial Board I (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Third year standing; satisfactory completion of Law Review Junior Staff; elected as a member of the Liberty University Law Review Editorial Board.
Participation in law review activities includes managing the law review, participating in the activities of the editorial board, writing a comment judged to meet the acceptable or publishable standard, editing and publishing student written notes and comments, reviewing, selecting, editing, and publishing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other editorial and staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 883: Law Review Senior Staff I (1) (3L)

Prerequisites: Third year standing; satisfactory completion of Law Review Junior Staff.
Participation in law review activities includes writing a comment judged to meet the acceptable or publishable standard, editing student written notes and comments, editing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 855: Prosecution Clinic (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Permission from the Bedford Commonwealth Attorney and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs; and Virginia Third-Year Practice Certificate required. Students will work under the direct supervision of a faculty supervisor and the Bedford Commonwealth Attorney’s Office and will be involved in all aspects of criminal prosecution. Students will be exposed to the role and responsibilities of a prosecutor while engaging in the hands-on experiences of a working prosecutor. Students will be encouraged to think critically about the prosecutor’s role in the criminal justice system. The Clinic will also contain a classroom component where students will cover subject matter that includes: the role of the prosecutor, ethics, plea bargaining, motions and hearings, discovery and examination of witnesses. Students may conduct legal research and writing, write motions and briefs and give oral arguments.

LAW 721: State and Local Government (3)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
An overview of the nature, structure, powers and liabilities of state governments and their political subdivisions, including the interrelationships among administrative agencies and municipal, county, and state governments.

LAW 615: Taxation of Estates and Gifts (3)

Prerequisite: Taxation of Individuals
An in-depth study of federal taxation of wealth transmission, including estate and gift taxes.

LAW 833: Trial Team (1)

Corequisite: This course is for those students who try out for and are chosen to be on the Trial Team.
Team members will engage in an intense study of trial strategy and preparation, direct and cross examination, opening statements and closing arguments, pretrial motions, arguing and opposing objections, and all aspects of trial advocacy. Team members will be chosen to compete in state, regional, and national trial competitions. Only two credits for LAW 833 may count toward the credits required for graduation. Course credit is pass/fail.

LAW 804: Virginia Criminal Procedure (1)

Prerequisite: Criminal Law
A review of the Virginia statutes and Rules of Court governing criminal procedure in Virginia. Covers Virginia Code Title 19.2 and Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia, Parts 1, 3A, 5 & 5A [the latter two dealing with appellate procedure for criminal cases] together with some of the cases dealing with the statutes and rules. Topics include jurisdiction, venue, pre-trial motions and procedures, competency and insanity issues, trial, sentencing and appeals.

Winter

LAW 630: Accounting and Finance for Lawyers* (2)

A study of the principles, theory, and practice of accounting, finance, and auditing. The topics include the accounting equation and conceptual framework; recognition principles; inventory and the cost of goods sold; fixed assets and depreciation; liabilities; financial statements and financial analysis; valuation principles and techniques; audit practice; perspectives and the role of the lawyer in the preceding topics. This course is offered as an intensive.

LAW 632: Financial Planning Survey

This is part of our wealth management concentration and is offered as a two-credit winter intensive. This course provides an overview of the financial planning and wealth management process with focus on the role of the lawyer. Topics covered include the relevant ethical framework and disciplinary rules; financial planning standards of practice; overview of financial markets, institutions, and regulations; the financial planning process; relevant economic concepts and principles; investment strategies and portfolio analysis; retirement savings and income management; and other relevant topics.

Spring

LAW 771: Administrative Law (3)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
A study of the processes by which legislative and administrative policy is translated into law and applied by the responsible administrative agencies.  Topics include analysis of informal and formal procedures, separation of powers, delegation, statutory construction, rule making, and adjudication.

LAW 608: Adoption Law (2)

The course explores fundamental issues in adoption law from both international and domestic perspectives. It will examine on a comparative basis the legal relationship among children and families across continents and in the state. Students will understand the legal framework of adoption laws in states such as Virginia, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and a few selected states, as well as processes and procedures involving adoptions in general. Students will also learn, on a step-by-step basis, how adoption treaties in private international law are interpreted and applied in U.S. Courts. The course will further examine issues in assisted reproduction using reproductive technology. The learning process will involve practical hands-on approach including problem solving, case law review and analysis of domestic rules and procedures for the recognition of foreign judgments in U.S. courts.

LAW 832: Advanced Appellate Advocacy (1)

Prerequisite: Competed in the 2L/3L Liberty Cup Moot Court Tournament
This course requires research of unique legal issues, preparation of an appellate brief, preparation of at least two oral arguments, and participation in an intercollegiate moot court tournament. Successful completion of the course will be determined by the Moot Court Faculty Advisor based on the student’s preparation for the tournament and demonstrated competence in both the written and oral skills. Only two credits for Law 832 may count toward the credits required for graduation. Course credit is pass/fail.

LAW 901: Advanced Bar Studies (3) (3L)

Prerequisite: Third year standing.
Advanced Bar Studies is a skills-development course that provides students with an intensive substantive review of selected legal material routinely tested on the bar examination. The course uses problems and exercises in a bar examination format to familiarize students with techniques for answering bar examination multiple choice questions.

LAW 825: Advanced Trial Advocacy (3) (3L)

Prerequisites: Evidence; Lawyering Skills V
A course building on the foundation of Lawyering Skills V.  Develops courtroom skills through simulated trials.  Focus is on opening statement, direct and cross-examination, and closing argument.

LAW 645: Business Planning (3) (3L)

Prerequisites: Business Associations; Taxation of Individuals; Taxation of Businesses
A general survey of the factors to be considered in the organization, financing, operation, and liquidation of the small business venture, all examined within a choice of business entity frameworks.  Proprietorships, partnerships, limited partnerships, limited liability companies, business trusts, close corporations and professional corporations are covered.  Particular emphasis is on the practical aspect of the organization, operation, purchase, and sale of a business, and other matters related to the role of a practicing lawyer in business affairs.

LAW 610: Child Abuse and the Law (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, and Evidence
This is a course designed for students interested in public service and working on behalf of abused children. Students who enroll in this course will have diverse practice interests such as, being a criminal or civil child abuse prosecutor, guardian/attorney ad litem, child protection attorney, or public interest lawyer. The course is designed to provide an overview of the prosecution process in civil and criminal cases involving child abuse and neglect. Students will learn the internal path of both a criminal child abuse case as well as the civil process for protecting children from further abuse or neglect. This course will explore the necessity of working with a multidisciplinary team of professionals in preparing a case for the court process as well as the necessary skills needed to communicate with child victims. The course will require observation of a criminal or civil child abuse case. Ethical responsibilities of prosecution will be addressed.

LAW 715: Conflict of Laws (2)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
A study of the conflicts arising in many cases that have connections with more than one state, or with a state and a foreign country, or that involve both state and federal interests. It explores the principles that courts use in selecting the proper law to apply in such cases under the American system of divided sovereignty—divided both horizontally among states and vertically between state and federal governments.

LAW 851: Constitutional Litigation Clinic (2)

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor is required and availability is limited.
Students will be provided a hands-on experience in Constitutional litigation representing actual clients and preparing and prosecuting a lawsuit at the trial and/or appellate level. Students share responsibility for the management of a case under supervision of a member of the faculty and licensed attorneys and staff with Liberty Counsel. Students will be expected to research, write legal arguments, and engage in critical thinking in order to prosecute a case. Coursework encompasses civil procedure, evidence, substantive law, law office management, ethics, and professional responsibility.

LAW 862: Criminal Law Externship (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Qualify for third-year practice in Virginia (3L students); approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time in a Commonwealth’s Attorney’s Office, Public Defender’s Office or private practice under the supervision of an attorney in that office and the Externship Director. Students receive guidance and training in lawyering skills, interview and prepare witnesses for trial and appear in court. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 868: Directed Research in Law and Policy (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Includes components of an externship, with real-life legal work generated by the client of a supervising externship attorney, and an independent study, with research and writing covering subject matter comparable to that in other academic activities.

LAW 621: Estate Planning (3) (3L)

Prerequisites: Wills, Trusts, and Estates; Taxation of Individuals; Taxation of Estates and Gifts
An overview of the estate planning process, including considerations entering into the structure and completion of an estate plan. This course includes a discussion of the information-gathering process and the preparation of such estate planning documents as wills, trusts, and durable powers of attorney. It also includes a consideration of the various methods that may be used to reduce estate taxes for the client, both through lifetime and testamentary planning.

LAW 861: Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Externs earn academic credit while working part time in government, public interest, non-profit or for-profit institutions. Externs work under the supervision of qualified and experienced attorneys and the Externship Director who provide guidance and training in practical lawyering skills. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 601: Family Law (3)

A general introduction to the nature and regulation of family associations. This course focuses on the relationships of husband and wife as well as parent and child.  It addresses moral, legal, and biblical issues relating to marriage, divorce, and custody, including international and American developments involving same-sex unions.

LAW 711: Federal Jurisdiction (3)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
A study of the federal judicial system. Topics include separation of powers; federalism; Congressional power to curtail federal jurisdiction; the case and controversy requirement as it relates to doctrines of standing, ripeness, and mootness; sovereign immunity; Congressional power to abrogate Eleventh Amendment immunity; Ex Parte Young doctrine; Section 1983 litigation; absolute and qualified immunity in suits against state and federal officers; and abstention doctrine. An analysis of the Constitutional and legislative foundations of the judicial power of the U.S.

LAW 773: Health Law Survey (3)

This course is a survey of topics in the diverse body of law known as “health law.” Because of recent and ongoing changes in the way health care is delivered and paid for in the United States, health law is a rapidly evolving and burgeoning area of study. Health law principles governing the interaction of patients, health care providers, and insurance companies will be analyzed. These principles include the physician-patient relationship, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, the duty to treat, medical malpractice, regulation of the health professions and health facilities, health care financing (including Medicare, Medicaid, private medical insurance and the Affordable Care Act), fraud and abuse regulations, regulation of drugs and devices, mental health law, and public health law.

LAW 871: Independent Study (1-3)

Prerequisites: Second year standing; approval of a professor-advisor and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs; satisfy the requirements in §07.14 of the academic Policies and Procedures.
A supervised research and writing course that covers subject matter comparable to that in other academic activities with minimum faculty guidance. Guidelines are published in the Academic Standards Policies and Procedures.

LAW 805: Insurance Law (3)

A study of the regulation of the insurance business, insurable interest, the insurance contract, the interests protected by contracts of insurance, construction of policies, rights under the policies, subrogation; and processing of claims and suits for insureds, claimants, and insurers.

LAW 663: Intellectual Property Clinic II

This is a two-credit continuation of the Intellectual Property Clinic. Students will learn practical, skills-based training by representing real clients as part of the Intellectual Property Law Clinic. Students will be supervised by a faculty member and licensed Virginia Attorney. Students will be exposed to copyright and trademark law. Wih respect to trademark practice, students will engage in trademark searching and due diligence; trademark applications prosecution; examination issues; opposition proceedings; and cancellation proceedings, among other topics. With respect to copyrights, students will engage in registration with the U.S. Copyright Office. Students will have client interaction and conduct legal research and writing. The clinic also has a classroom component that will meet regularly and cover the legal, ethical, and professional issues that arise during the Clinic.

LAW 745: International Business Transactions (2)

A study of selected international legal issues affecting or regulating multinational enterprise, foreign investment, the banking system, trade in goods and services, labor matters, intellectual property, sales transactions, transportation, and trade financing.

LAW 743: International Human Rights (3)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I
An introduction to complex legal issues in international human rights, including a discussion of the Christian and secular views of the sources of individual rights; a survey of selected human rights concerns; examination and analysis of international human rights treaties; the role of international and regional human rights systems; the role of non-governmental organizations; the impact of international decisions of human rights tribunals and human rights courts; and the prevention of human rights violations. The course will provide a survey of major topics in humanitarian law—the history of the law of wars, types of armed conflict under the Geneva Conventions and the additional protocols, fundamental principles and protections for persons and objects, distinctions between combatants and civilians, protection for children and women during hostilities, and the role of non-governmental organizations in minimizing the effects of war and protecting human dignity.

LAW 863: Judicial Clerks Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time under the supervision of a judge and his or her staff attorneys and the Externship Director. Students receive guidance and training in legal research and writing, write research memoranda, and draft opinions for judges. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 581: Jurisprudence (odd years) (3)

An introduction to the many schools of jurisprudence. Jurisprudence is the study of legal philosophy. Particular emphasis is given to formulating principles of a distinctively Christian jurisprudence and on reading primary materials. (Note: This course is offered in the spring semester of odd-numbered years.)

LAW 582: Law and Economics (2)

Law and economics as a jurisprudential theory seeks to apply neoclassic economics concepts to the law. Law and economics tends to be both positive (explaining rules in terms of economics concepts) and normative (arguing that legal rules should promote economic efficiency). This course considers a variety of subject areas in order to provide a critique of law and economics from the perspective of the distinct mission of Liberty University School of Law. Possible subject areas for consideration include: property, contracts, constitutional law, human rights, family law, tort law, criminal law, employment law, corporate law, securities regulation, and taxation.

LAW 815: Law Office Management (2)

An introduction to the establishment and management of a law office. It is designed to prepare the student for entry into the private practice of law, including ethical and personal pressures related to private law practice.

LAW 886: Law Review Editorial Board II (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Third year standing; satisfactory completion of Law Review Editorial Board I; membership on the Liberty University Law Review Editorial Board.
Participation in law review activities includes managing the law review, participating in the activities of the editorial board, editing and publishing student written notes and comments, reviewing, selecting, editing, and publishing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other editorial and staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 882: Law Review Junior Staff (1) (3L)

Prerequisites: Second year standing; satisfactory completion of Law Review Candidacy.
Participation in law review activities in the spring semester includes editing student written notes and comments, editing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other editorial and staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 884: Law Review Senior Staff II (1) (3L)

Prerequisites: Third year standing; satisfactory completion of Law Review Senior Staff I.
Participation in law review activities includes editing student written notes and comments, editing articles and other scholarly legal writings, and performing other staff duties pursuant to the Liberty University Law Review Constitution. P/NP grade.

LAW 585: Legal History (even years) (3)

An examination of the nature and meaning of the legal past, particularly the Western legal tradition, with a primary focus on the historical relationship between church and state; and the biblical and theological foundations of the Western legal tradition and the English Common Law heritage.  (NOTE: This course is offered in the spring semester of even-numbered years.)

LAW 821: Mediation (2) (3L)

Prerequisite: Lawyering Skills V
A course on dispute resolution, building on the foundation of Lawyering Skills V, using a mixture of lecture, discussion, role-playing, and analysis of video. A lawyer’s primary task is to resolve disputes. Most controversies never reach trial; rather, they are settled by agreement. The ability to negotiate and mediate effectively is crucial for all attorneys.

LAW 643: Mergers and Acquisitions (2)

Prerequisite: Business Associations; Corequisite: Taxation of Businesses
A study of the process of and the law governing business combinations and acquisitions including mergers, stock purchases, assets sales, and change-of-control transactions. The course will consider primarily the role of state business organization law and federal securities law in determining the structure, mechanics, timing, and price of such transactions.

LAW 761: Public Policy Survey (2)

An introduction to public policy that examines the effect of worldview on both the objects and means of creating public policy. The course will use substantive public policy, policy initiatives, bills, legislative history, case law, white papers, and public relation campaigns to provide an understanding of the various methods, tactics, and strategies used in transforming ideas into governing policy and will prepare students to analyze both the substance of public policy and the policy creation process.

LAW 732: Race and the Law (2)

This course examines the central role of race in American law and society. To gain a thorough understanding of the American legal landscape, students will explore the impact of race throughout American history. The course will analyze the experiences and legal histories of American Indians, African Americans, Latina and Latinos, and Asian Americans and their efforts to use the judicial system to obtain equal rights in the United States. Students will also discuss the biblical view of race and racial reconciliation and explore the positive impact that a biblical worldview can have in bridging the gap that often exists across racial lines in communities throughout America.

LAW 651: Real Estate Transactions and Development (3)

Prerequisites: Property I and II
A course in the application of real property law, covering deeds, mortgages, leases, land contracts, real estate closings, and financing in the context of simple transactions; and of the development of a shopping plaza or housing complex.

LAW 826: Real Property Litigation (1)

Prerequisites: Property I and Property II
The course will undertake a selective examination of real estate disputes for litigation or transactional oriented future attorney-practitioners. The planning of real estate transactions is enhanced with a view toward the pitfalls of litigation in mind. An emphasis will be on the common disputes a practitioner typically handles during their career: disputes related to landlord-tenant, common interest communities, the real estate purchase-sale contract, and foreclosure.

LAW 801: Remedies (3)

A study of the law of judicial remedies, both legal and equitable, focusing on the nature and scope of relief as distinguished from substantive and procedural law. The four major categories of remedies are addressed: damages, including measurement issues for both compensatory and punitive damages, and limitations on the damages remedy; restitution, including measurement issues and issues related to rescission, constructive trust and equitable lien; injunctions, including issues relating to requirements for obtaining preliminary and permanent injunctive; and declaratory relief, including ancillary remedies to effectuate the relief obtained, and legal and equitable defenses.

LAW 725: School Law Seminar (2) (3L)

Prerequisite: Constitutional Law II
A survey of the law relating to public, private, and home education. Emphasis is placed on the legal framework for public education, the First Amendment and other Constitutional issues related to the public schools, and the nature of parental rights in the context of public education.

LAW 644: Securities Regulation (3)

Prerequisite: Business Associations
A study of the process of and the law governing the issuance, distribution, and trading of securities focusing primarily on the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and related rules and regulations. Topics include the definition of a “security;” the obligation to register; the registration and disclosure requirements; the exemptions from the registration process; and the insider trading and antifraud provisions.

LAW 641: Taxation of Businesses (3)

Prerequisites: Business Associations; Taxation of Individuals
An advanced course in federal income taxation with emphasis on tax laws related to corporations, partnerships, and limited liability companies.

LAW 833: Trial Team (1)

Corequisite: This course is for those students who try out for and are chosen to be on the Trial Team.
Team members will engage in an intense study of trial strategy and preparation, direct and cross examination, opening statements and closing arguments, pretrial motions, arguing and opposing objections, and all aspects of trial advocacy. Team members will be chosen to compete in state, regional, and national trial competitions. Only two credits for Law 833 may count toward the credits required for graduation. Course credit is pass/fail.

LAW 803: Virginia Civil Procedure (2)

Prerequisite: Civil Procedure I and II
This course covers Virginia civil procedural law for both law and equitable claims, including applicable statutes, rules of court and cases interpreting the statutes and rules. Appellate procedure for both the Court of Appeals of Virginia and the Supreme Court of Virginia are covered.

LAW 804: Virginia Criminal Procedure** (1)

Prerequisite: Criminal Law
A review of the Virginia statutes and Rules of Court governing criminal procedure in Virginia. Covers Virginia Code Title 19.2 and Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia, Parts 1, 3A, 5 & 5A [the latter two dealing with appellate procedure for criminal cases] together with some of the cases dealing with the statutes and rules. Topics include jurisdiction, venue, pre-trial motions and procedures, competency and insanity issues, trial, sentencing and appeals.

LAW 802: Virginia Practice (1)

Prerequisite: Third year status
This course will emphasize practical and substantive issues of Virginia law that are common to everyday practice. Students will be expected to apply Virginia law to articulate answers to common legal issues that arise in Virginia practice. The course includes a writing component.

Summer

LAW 630: Accounting and Finance for Lawyers* (2)

A study of the principles, theory, and practice of accounting, finance, and auditing. The topics include the accounting equation and conceptual framework; recognition principles; inventory and the cost of goods sold; fixed assets and depreciation; liabilities; financial statements and financial analysis; valuation principles and techniques; audit practice; perspectives and the role of the lawyer in the preceding topics. This course is offered as an intensive.

LAW 851: Constitutional Litigation Clinic (2)

Prerequisite: Permission of instructor is required and availability is limited.
Students will be provided a hands-on experience in Constitutional litigation representing actual clients and preparing and prosecuting a lawsuit at the trial and/or appellate level. Students share responsibility for the management of a case under supervision of a member of the faculty and licensed attorneys and staff with Liberty Counsel. Students will be expected to research, write legal arguments, and engage in critical thinking in order to prosecute a case.  Coursework encompasses civil procedure, evidence, substantive law, law office management, ethics, and professional responsibility.

LAW 784: Corporate Compliance Survey

This is a two-credit intensive. Business Associations is a prerequisite. This course provides an overview of the corporate compliance legal and regulatory landscape – including corporate governance, corporate compliance, and corporate risk management. Specific topics covered include the roles of shareholders, directors, and corporate executives; internal enforcement mechanisms; external enforcement such as regulators, prosecutors, and whistleblowers; information security and compliance; Foreign Corrup Practice Act compliance; financial compliance such as Bank Secrecy Acy and Foreign Asset Control; human resources compliance such as sexual harassment compliance; and other relevant topics.

LAW 862: Criminal Law Externship (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Qualify for third-year practice in Virginia (3L students); approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time in a Commonwealth’s Attorney’s Office, Public Defender’s Office or private practice under the supervision of an attorney in that office and the Externship Director.  Students receive guidance and training in lawyering skills, interview and prepare witnesses for trial and appear in court. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 868: Directed Research in Law and Policy (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Includes components of an externship, with real-life legal work generated by the client of a supervising externship attorney, and an independent study, with research and writing covering subject matter comparable to that in other academic activities.

LAW 861: Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Externs earn academic credit while working part time in government, public interest, non-profit or for-profit institutions.  Externs work under the supervision of qualified and experienced attorneys and the Externship Director who provide guidance and training in practical lawyering skills. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 863: Judicial Clerks Externship (2)

Prerequisites: Second-year standing; approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Students earn academic credit while working part time under the supervision of a judge and his or her staff attorneys and the Externship Director. Students receive guidance and training in legal research and writing, write research memoranda, and draft opinions for judges. Classroom component (case rounds) covers topics relating to the legal system, judicial process and professionalism.

LAW 855: Prosecution Clinic (2) (3L)

Prerequisites: Permission from the Bedford Commonwealth Attorney and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs; and Virginia Third-Year Practice Certificate required. Students will work under the direct supervision of a faculty supervisor and the Bedford Commonwealth Attorney’s Office and will be involved in all aspects of criminal prosecution. Students will be exposed to the role and responsibilities of a prosecutor while engaging in the hands-on experiences of a working prosecutor. Students will be encouraged to think critically about the prosecutor’s role in the criminal justice system. The Clinic will also contain a classroom component where students will cover subject matter that includes: the role of the prosecutor, ethics, plea bargaining, motions and hearings, discovery and examination of witnesses. Students may conduct legal research and writing, write motions and briefs and give oral arguments.

LAW 760: Public Policy Lawyering Skills (2)

A study of selected law skills involved in the public policy arena, drawn from the following areas: drafting legislation; drafting memoranda in support of legislation; planning and creating legal structures necessary to operate election campaigns, to comply with on-going campaign finance and disclosure laws, and to dissolve campaigns; planning and operating political campaigns and lobbying organizations; and complying with disclosure requirements by organizations that involve themselves in public policy matters.

LAW 783: Trademark Law and Practice

This is a two-credit intensive course that covers substantive intellectual property and trademark law likely to arise while engaged in a trademark practice. Topics include, among other things, requirements of trademark protection; federal trademark prosecution; trademark infringement; false advertising, dilution, and cybersquatting; and defenses to infringement. Practical topics will cover searches, client counseling, and litigation strategy, among others.

Law 809: Virginia Legal Aid Survey

This is a one-credit course and is available only to those students who are accepted into the Virginia Legal Aid Clinic. The course will be one week in August, with dates and times to be determined.

* Offered as a Summer or Winter Intensive

**Offered in Spring as needed