Foundations of Exceptionality – COSC 521

CG • Section 8WK • 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020 • Modified 06/02/2022

Course Description

A comprehensive course dealing with the characteristics of children and youth with disabilities and topics related to models of service delivery, documentation procedures, and legal/ethical issues. Recommended as the first special education course.

For information regarding prerequisites for this course, please refer to the Academic Course Catalog.

Rationale

It is imperative that all educators and school counselors are prepared to deal with the special needs of exceptional students. Ministering to those in need is the professional responsibility and the spiritual mandate for every Christian. “Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me” (Matthew 25:40b, KJV).

Method of Instruction: This 8 week course is delivered in a digital asynchronous format, with Canvas® as the primary instructional delivery method. Students complete one module per week over the duration of the course. 

Measurable Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Identify the conceptual and biblical basis of special education.
  2. Recognize the legal requirements concerning students with exceptionalities.
  3. Identify the characteristics of various categories of exceptionality.
  4. Develop understanding of role for school counselor in supporting exceptional students.
  5. Develop understanding of intervention strategies for students wtih exceptionalities.
  6. Research current professional literature on special education.

Common Core Courses Matrix of Student Competencies

CACREP STANDARD

Course/Experience- Learning Experiences

F.1 Professional Counseling Orientation and Ethical Practice

1.i.  ethical standards of professional counseling organizations and credentialing bodies, and applications of ethical and legal considerations in professional counseling

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

F.2 Social and Cultural Diversity

2.d.  the impact of heritage, attitudes, beliefs, understandings, and acculturative experiences on an individual’s views of others

Exceptionality Chart

Quiz: Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Quiz: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

2.f.  help-seeking behaviors of diverse clients

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach and Discussion

Community Engagement Plan

Community Engagement Assignment

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Exceptionality Chart Assignment; School Counseling Article Review Assignment

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

2.g.  the impact of spiritual beliefs on clients’ and counselors’ worldviews

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

2.h.  strategies for identifying and eliminating barriers, prejudices, and processes of intentional and unintentional oppression and discrimination

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach and Discussion

Community Engagement Plan

Community Engagement Assignment

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Exceptionality Chart Assignment; School Counseling Article Review Assignment

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

F.3 Human Growth and Development

3.e-i.  biological, neurological, and physiological factors that affect human development, functioning, and behavior; systemic and environmental factors that affect human development, functioning, and behavior; effects of crisis, disasters, and trauma on diverse individuals across the lifespan; a general framework for understanding differing abilities and strategies for differentiated interventions; ethical and culturally relevant strategies for promoting resilience and optimum development and wellness across the lifespan 

Exceptionality Chart

Quiz: Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Quiz: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

 

F.5 Counseling and Helping Relationships

5.f.  counselor characteristics and behaviors that influence the counseling process

Discussion: Community Engagement: Plan

Exceptionality Chart

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

5.h-l.  developmentally relevant counseling treatment or intervention plans; development of measurable outcomes for clients; evidence-based counseling strategies and techniques for prevention and intervention; strategies to promote client understanding of and access to a variety of community- based resources; suicide prevention models and strategies

Discussion: Community Engagement: Plan

Exceptionality Chart

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

 

Evidence of Student Competencies: School Counseling

CACREP STANDARD

Course/Experience- Learning Experiences

SC Foundations

SC 1.c.  models of P-12 comprehensive career development

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach and Discussion

Community Engagement Plan

Community Engagement Assignment

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Exceptionality Chart Assignment

School Counseling Article Review Assignment

SC 1.d.  models of school-based collaboration and consultation

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

SC Contextual Dimensions

SC 2.a.  school counselor roles as leaders, advocates, and systems change agents in P-12 schools

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

SC 2.d.  school counselor roles in school leadership and multidisciplinary teams

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Discussion: Community Engagement Plan

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Social Institutions: Government, Courts and the Schools

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Community Engagement Assignment

School Counselor Article Review

Exceptionality Chart

SC 2.f.  competencies to advocate for school counseling roles

Community Engagement Assignment

School Counselor Article Review

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Social Institutions: Government, Courts and the Schools

SC 2.g.  characteristics, risk factors, and warning signs of students at risk for mental health and behavioral disorders

Exceptionality Chart

Quiz: Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Quiz: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

SC 2.j-l.  qualities and styles of effective leadership in schools; community resources and referral sources; professional organizations, preparation standards, and credentials relevant to the practice of school counseling

Community Engagement Assignment

School Counselor Article Review

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Social Institutions: Government, Courts and the Schools 

SC 2.m-n.  legislation and government policy relevant to school counseling; legal and ethical considerations specific to school counseling

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

SC Practice

SC 3.c-d.  core curriculum design, lesson plan development, classroom management strategies, and differentiated instructional strategies; interventions to promote academic development

Discussion: Community Engagement: Plan

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach and Discussion

Community Engagement Assignment

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

Exceptionality Chart Assignment

School Counseling Article Review Assignment

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

SC 3.h.  skills to critically examine the connections between social, familial, emotional, and behavior problems and academic achievement

Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach

Discussion: Community Engagement: Plan

Exceptionality Chart

Community Engagement Assignment

Law Analysis: Laws in Special Education Assignment

Law Analysis: Legal Mandates for Special Education Assignment

School Counseling Article Review Assignment

Quiz: Early Intervention Supports and Services

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Their Families

Quiz: Children with Visual Impairments

Quiz: Children with Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Multiple Disabilities

Quiz: Children Who Have Special Gifts and Talents

Quiz: Children Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

SC 3.l.  techniques to foster collaboration and teamwork within schools

Community Engagement Assignment

School Counselor Article Review

Quiz: Children with Exceptionalities and Social Institutions: Government, Courts and the Schools 

 

Course Assignment

Textbook readings and lecture presentations/notes

Course Requirements Checklist

After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the student will complete the related checklist found in the Course Overview.

Advising Acknowledgement Quiz

Discussions (2)

The student will complete two discussions in this course. Discussion: Secular Approach and Biblical Approach (Module 1) will be due in Module 1: Week 1; and Discussion: Future Role as a School Counselor (Module 2) will be due in Module 2: Week 2. The student will post one thread of at least 400-words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Thursday of the assigned Module: Week. The student must then post one reply of at least 250-words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the assigned Module: Week. For each thread, students must support their assertions with at least  one scholarly citation in current APA format. Each reply must incorporate at least one scholarly citation also in current APA format. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years. Acceptable sources include the textbook, the Bible, and scholarly journals. MLO: (A, B, D, E, F).

School Counseling Article Review Assignment

You will select a particular School Counseling article from the list provided in the Resources section to submit a paper that is a critical review of your chosen article. MLO: (D, F).

Exceptionality Chart Assignment

You will complete a chart listing a description of the various disabilities and supports for exceptional students. MLO: (C, E, F).

Law Analysis Assignments (2)

You will submit two papers for this assignment. The first paper will focus on laws in Special Education, and the second paper will focus on legal mandates for Special Education. MLO: (B, F).

Community Engagement (Quiz & Discussion)

Quiz: Community Engagement - Plan
You will submit when and where you plan to complete your community engagement observation to your instructor via a quiz. MLO: (D, F)

Discussion: Community Engagement – Video
You will then create and upload a 3-5 minute video of your exceptional child or student that includes your observations and reflections of the observed student. You will reply in a 2-3 minute video to one classmate that includes thoughtful discussion of the reviewed video. MLO: (D, F).

Quizzes (14)

Throughout the course, you will complete 14 quizzes. The first 13 quizzes correspond to each of the chapters in the Kirk et al. text, and the final quiz is focused on the Virginia Department of Education Learning Disabilities (VDOE LD) guidelines. The first 13 quizzes are open-book/open-notes and will contain 10 multiple-choice questions. The final VDOE LD Guidelines quiz will have 15 multiple-choice questions. All 14 quizzes have a 1-hour and 30-minute time limit.  MLO: (A, B, D, D, E, F)