Theories of Counseling – COSC 510

CG • Section 8WK • 07/01/2018 to 12/31/2199 • Modified 05/03/2022

Course Description

This course provides in-depth exploration of selected counseling theories including empirically supported treatment modalities appropriate for school settings. Through this course, students learn about the nature and process of therapy, and begin to learn how to conceptualize client presentations and select appropriate interventions while considering issues of diversity. Students will define their own theoretical approach to counseling in their work with individuals and families.

For information regarding prerequisites for this course, please refer to the Academic Course Catalog.

Rationale

The purpose of this course is to provide an overview of the major counseling theories and practices most often used in school counseling. Counseling theories provide the basis for the theoretical framework that guides one’s practice. However, the assimilation of theory into a theoretical orientation is more than an academic exercise. Counseling theories emanate from a philosophical foundation that influences counseling practice in school (K-12) settings. This course is designed to help students gain the understanding and self-awareness needed to begin to develop their own theoretical orientation. Emphasis will be placed upon enabling students to develop a theoretical foundation upon which to base a school counseling approach.

Method of Instruction: This 8 week course is delivered in a digital asynchronous format, with Canvas® as the primary instructional delivery method. Students complete one module per week over the duration of the course. 

Measurable Learning Outcomes

This course is designed to meet the Department of Counselor Education and Family Studies Program Learning Outcomes one - six.
Students enrolled in clinical mental health counseling programs must demonstrate an understanding of counseling theories. Upon
successful completion of this course, the student will be able to demonstrate required knowledge, skills, and professional
development objectives pertaining to theory, including all of the following:
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of a prescribed theoretical orientation to counseling.
  2. Recognize the importance of having a commanding knowledge and understanding of a specified theory in order to incorporate ethically relevant strategies and techniques of the theory in the practice of counseling.
  3. Evaluate prominent theories of counseling and psychotherapy for compatibility to biblical teachings.
  4. Recognize and critically evaluate distinct strategies and techniques consistent with the philosophical underpinnings of the prescribed theory as well as demonstrate effective application of the fundamental components of the counseling process in a prescribed theoretical orientation to counseling.
  5. Differentiate counseling strategies and techniques of the prescribed theory used in counseling individuals and groups.
  6. Compare and contrast diversity issues relating to the prescribed theory as well as delineate the application of appropriate counseling strategies and techniques relating to the prescribed theory with diverse populations using relevant counseling strategies and techniques.
  7. Integrate prescribed theoretical orientations to counseling into one’s unique counseling approach.

Key Performance Indicator Matrix Assignments

Key Performance Indicator

Evidence: Course/Learning Experience

KPI 5 (2.F.5).  Students will demonstrate the skills necessary to establish and build a therapeutic relationship and will form a preliminary theoretical framework when working with the client (Measures PLO #1, 3, 6).

Benchmark Professional Theoretical Approach to Counseling

Common Core Courses Matrix of Student Competencies

F.3 Human Growth & Development

 

CACREP Standard

Course/Experience – Learning Experiences

F.3.a. theories of individual and family development across the life span

Assignments: Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling, Theories Chart, Quiz: Psychoanalytic therapy, Quiz: Adlerian therapy, Quiz: Existential therapy, Quiz: Person Centered therapy, Quiz: Cognitive Behavior therapy, Quiz: Choice/Reality therapy, Quiz: Feminist theory, Quiz, Postmodern approaches, Quiz: Family Systems therapy, Quiz: Integrative perspective

F.3.b. theories of learning

Quiz: Psychoanalytic therapy, Quiz: Adlerian therapy, Quiz: Existential therapy, Quiz: Person Centered therapy, Quiz: Cognitive Behavior therapy, Quiz: Choice/Reality therapy, Quiz: Feminist theory, Quiz, Postmodern approaches, Quiz: Family Systems therapy, Quiz: Integrative perspective

F.3.c. theories of normal and abnormal personality development

Quiz: Psychoanalytic therapy, Quiz: Adlerian therapy, Quiz: Existential therapy, Quiz: Person Centered therapy, Quiz: Cognitive Behavior therapy, Quiz: Choice/Reality therapy, Quiz: Feminist theory, Quiz, Postmodern approaches, Quiz: Family Systems therapy, Quiz: Integrative perspective

F.5 Counseling and Helping Relationships

F.5.a. theories and models of counseling

Assignments: Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling, Theories Chart, Quiz: Psychoanalytic therapy, Quiz: Adlerian therapy, Quiz: Existential therapy, Quiz: Person Centered therapy, Quiz: Cognitive Behavior therapy, Quiz: Choice/Reality therapy, Quiz: Feminist theory, Quiz, Postmodern approaches, Quiz: Family Systems therapy, Quiz: Integrative perspective

F.5.h developmentally relevant counseling treatment or intervention plans

Assignments: Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling, Theories Chart, Quiz: Psychoanalytic therapy, Quiz: Adlerian therapy, Quiz: Existential therapy, Quiz: Person Centered therapy, Quiz: Cognitive Behavior therapy, Quiz: Choice/Reality therapy, Quiz: Feminist theory, Quiz, Postmodern approaches, Quiz: Family Systems therapy, Quiz: Integrative perspective

F.5.i. development of measurable outcomes for clients

Assignments: Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling, Video Discussion: The Need for Theory, Video Discussion: Experiential or Person Centered, Video Discussion: Solutions Focused Therapy, Discussion: Psychoanalysis or Adlerian, Discussion : Cognitive Behavioral or Choice/Reality Therapy

F.5.j. evidence-based counseling strategies and techniques for prevention and intervention

Discussion: Psychoanalysis or Adlerian, Discussion: Cognitive Behavioral or Choice/ Reality Therapy

F.5.n. process for aiding students in developing a personal model of counseling

Assignments: Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling, Video Discussion: The Need for Theory, Video Discussion: Experiential or Person-Centered, Video Discussion: Solutions Focused Therapy, Discussion: Psychoanalysis or Adlerian, Discussion: Cognitive Behavioral or Choice/Reality Therapy

Evidence of Student Competencies: School Counseling

CACREP Standard

Course/Experience – Learning Experiences

SC Practice

SC 3.f Techniques of personal/social counseling in school settings

Discussion: Psychoanalytic or Adlerian

Video Discussion: Existential or Person-Centered

Discussion: CBT or Choice/Reality

Discussion: Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

Benchmark Theoretical Approach to Counseling Assignment

 

Course Assignment

The candidate will read assigned chapters and review PowerPoint presentations each week. (MLO: A–F)

After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the candidate will complete the related checklist found in the Course Overview. 

Advising Acknowledgement Quiz

Each quiz will cover the Learn material for the Module: Week in which it is assigned. Each quiz will be open-book/open-notes, contain 10 multiple-choice questions, and have a 1-hour time limit. (MLO: A–F)

For each of the 3 Video Discussions, the student will submit his/her initial video recording that responds to a provided prompt, and reply via video recording to at least 1 peer. The student's initial video will be 3 minutes long, and their reply video will be 2 minutes long. Audio and video are required for each initial and reply video. 

(MLO: A–D)

Discussions are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, the student will participate in 2 written Discussions throughout this course. The student must not attach threads/replies as files. The student must instead type directly into the Discussion text box. The student must submit an initial thread of at least 300 words, and a reply to 1 peer of at least 200 words. Each post must be in current APA style formatting. The assertions for each thread must be supported with a minimum of both textbooks cited and 1 peer-reviewed journal article in the current APA format. (MLO: A-G)

Within this paper, the student will identify his/her own personal counseling style and theoretical orientation based on what he/she learned from this course. The student will then submit a 4-page paper to Canvas. See assignment instructions in Canvas for additional details. (MLO: A-G)

Each week the student will be introduced to different theoretical approaches. This assignment will provide the student with an easy-access guide as he/she moves forward in the School Counseling Program. The student must complete the chart provided in Canvas prior to submitting the assignment. It would be of benefit to the student to use the chart to take notes each week during the corresponding Module: Week in which he/she is learning about each theory. See assignment instructions in Canvas for additional details. (MLO: A-E)