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Writing Tutorials

Not sure where to start? Try research topic ideas or Research Smart Toolkit.


There are three primary styles for citing sources of research. Make sure you know which style your professor requires before completing your research.






  • RefWorks software assists in managing and creating citations. Don’t miss our introductory RefWorks tutorial to make sure you utilize all of its great features.
    Note: These citations are not always 100% correct, so check them against the citation manual of the style you are using.

Must be cited:

  • Direct quotes, paraphrasing, or summarizing
  • Ideas, or references to ideas, that you obtained from somewhere
  • Internet sources that give you useful background information

Doesn't need to be cited:

  • Primary research that you conduct
  • Ideas that emerge (but are significantly different) from what is discussed in class, on the discussion board, etc.
  • Common knowledge (i.e., most everyone knows it)

Plagiarism & Copyright

See the copyright guidelines for detailed information on what constitutes plagiarism and how to determine copyright.

If you cannot find a date, leave it out. The publisher is not necessary in this case. There should be a notation with the edition (11th, 14th, etc.).

Writing Centers

For more information on citing sources, or to receive personal guidance on writing papers, use our writing resources:

Resident Students

Online Students