Graduate Catalog 2017-2018

School of Law

Administration

B. Keith Faulkner, B.S., M.B.A., J.D.
Dean, School of Law
Professor of Law

Timothy M. Todd, B.S., M.S., C.P.A., ChFC®, J.D.
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Law
Associate Professor of Law

Rita W. Beale, B.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Internal Affairs, School of Law


PROGRAM DIRECTORS
A listing of program directors can be viewed at http://www.liberty.edu/programdirectors.


FACULTY
All faculty are listed at the end of this catalog in the Faculty Roster. There are separate rosters for full-time and part-time faculty. The entire roster can also be viewed online at https://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=28 where faculty can be searched for by department.


PURPOSE
Liberty University School of Law exists to equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures.

  • Equip future leaders in law. Inspiring students and preparing them to excel and lead in their profession.
  • With a superior legal education. Constructing and implementing an education characterized by excellence.
  • In fidelity to the Christian faith. Adhering to the perspective that shaped the Western legal tradition.
  • Expressed through the Holy Scriptures. Pursuing truth in a context of free thought and expression informed by a standard.

DISTINCTIVES
An emphasis on mastery of foundational legal subjects and skills.
The objective of the School of Law is to equip and prepare students for success as legal professionals. Thus, there is an expectation by administration and faculty that students devote themselves with particular diligence to the subjects and skills identified as critical to professional excellence. 

An emphasis on a rigorous and well-rounded intellectual life. Students are challenged intellectually at Liberty, not only with the technical aspects of law, but with a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to education and knowledge rooted in the Christian intellectual tradition. We firmly believe an educated lawyer should be thoroughly acquainted with the great thinkers and shapers of Western civilization and the Western legal tradition. Liberty University School of Law trains students to think analytically, a skill that can be developed properly only through an interdisciplinary approach to analyzing ideas. 

An emphasis on understanding the significance of constitutional government with a special emphasis on the history and meaning of the United States Constitution and other foundational organic documents.

An emphasis on clear and persuasive writing.
Liberty University School of Law requires six lawyering skills courses. Liberty graduates must excel in writing—one of the lawyer’s most powerful skills.

An emphasis on influential oral advocacy skills. A lawyer must be able to communicate effectively using the spoken word whether or not a litigation practice is an ultimate goal. Leaders in the legal profession know how to convincingly communicate with an audience. At Liberty, students focus on advocacy in many contexts and take part in demanding lawyering skills courses designed to develop oral communication skills.

An emphasis on teaching/mentoring. Liberty is a teaching law school. Members of the faculty are expected to display the highest degree of professional proficiency and scholarly research while prioritizing the teaching/mentoring role. Proficiency in teaching students is the Liberty law professor’s first priority.


ACCREDITATION
Liberty University School of Law is approved by the Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar of the American Bar Association; 321 North Clark Street; Chicago, IL 60654-7598; 312.988.6738.

The American Bar Association (ABA) approval process is a thorough and careful process intended to ensure that law schools awarded approval meet all of the requirements set by the ABA to ensure a quality legal education.

Liberty University School of Law opened in August 2004 and completed the required full academic year to be eligible to apply for provisional approval by the ABA.  On February 13, 2006, provisional approval was awarded.  In March 2009, following the required two-year provisional approval time frame, Liberty applied for full approval.  On August 5, 2010, Liberty University School of Law was approved by the ABA.

Liberty University School of Law is one of 205 ABA approved law schools in the United States.


CURRICULUM GOALS
The overarching goal of the faculty in designing and adopting the curriculum is to further the Mission of the School of Law, that is to “equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures.”

The particular goals of the faculty in designing and adopting the curriculum are to:

  1. Reflect the fundamental values upon which our legal system is based:
    • that there is a corpus juris, a body of law, in which courses are related to one another as a logically consistent, comprehensive whole;
    • that a government of laws is possible only where law reflects the truths that God has revealed to man and to which man is accountable; and
    • that the preservation of the rule of law requires skillful and committed legal practitioners who are much more than mere technicians.
  2. Require courses that develop the body of knowledge, set of skills and professional values in which every lawyer must be grounded.
  3. Offer a range of electives that allows students to gain an introduction to various areas of law or to develop particular areas of competence.
  4. Prepare leaders for success in the two main phases of their professional lives, the study and practice of law.
  5. Prepare students to pass bar examinations in the states of their choice.

Juris Doctor (J.D.)

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate mastery of foundational legal subjects.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in written skills required for legal practice.
  3. Demonstrate proficiency in oral advocacy and communication skills required for legal practice.
  4. Critically analyze and resolve legal issues.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of constitutional government, including the U.S. Constitution and other foundational organic documents.
  6. Demonstrate professional behavior grounded in the biblical worldview in accordance with accepted legal standards.
  7. Critically analyze legal issues from a distinctively Christian worldview.

SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Admission to the Juris Doctor program at Liberty University School of Law is explained under separate cover in the law school’s roadbook, which can be requested through law@liberty.edu and is also located online at http://law.liberty.edu.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
The faculty may change the requirements for receipt of the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, as well as the courses offered, at any time. A student will be subject to the credit hours of course work requirement in force at the time of the student’s enrollment or re-enrollment.

The law school confers the J.D. degree upon its graduates. The J.D. degree has not been conferred on a student until the law school has issued a final transcript marked “Degree Awarded.” Students shall graduate upon satisfying the following requirements, which are not subject to variance or waiver unless otherwise provided in the Academic Policies and Procedures:

  1. The successful completion of 90 credit hours of course work, which shall include successful completion of all required courses and satisfaction of the Rigorous Writing Requirements;
  2. The maintenance of a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.00; and
  3. The completion of six semesters in residence (or equivalent) as a full-time student. For purposes of the Policies and Procedures, “semester” excludes both summer and interterm sessions.
  4. The maximum period of time for a full-time law student to complete the requirements for the J.D. degree shall be 84 months.
  5. Of the 90 credits required for graduation, no more than 12 credits may be acquired through independent studies, clinics, externships, and co-curricular activities.
  6. There shall be no unresolved report of violation of the Academic Honor Code or Personal Code of Honor, no pending conduct review committee proceedings, and no unremedied violation of the Academic Honor Code or Personal Code of Honor.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Residential Only
Juris Doctor (J.D.) Degree


Juris Master in International Legal Studies (J.M.)

PURPOSE
The Juris Master in International Legal Studies (J.M.) exists to equip non-lawyers with knowledge of fundamental legal norms and principles to increase their effectiveness and intellectual abilities to address issues which have legal components in their respective professional fields.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Construct legal analyses using proper interpretation of international legal norms.
  2. Evaluate foundational concepts as they relate to international legal regimes.
  3. Integrate a Christian worldview in the context of international law.
  4. Conduct legal research and writing in an international law context.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
An applicant must complete the following steps:

  1. Complete an application for admission through the Liberty University Online by completing each section. All questions must be answered completely.
  2. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.).
  3. A curriculum vitae or résumé must be included in the application.
  4. Pay the non-refundable application fee ($50) to Liberty University.
  5. Undergraduate GPA of at least a 3.00 on a 4.00 scale
  6. TOEFL Scores for students who speak English as a second language (score of 600 paper –based test; 250 computer-based test, 80 internet-based test).

Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic Caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 15 hours of graduate-level credit from an accredited institution.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B- , and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the student’s program at Liberty University. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as stated in this Catalog, the Juris Master in International Legal Studies (J.M.) graduates must satisfy the following requirements:

  1. The successful completion of 30 credit hours of course work, which shall include successful completion of all required courses and satisfaction of the rigorous writing requirement.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. The maintenance of a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0.
  4. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ and C-).
  5. No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ and D-).
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Degree must be completed within 5 years.
  8. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Online Only
Juris Master in International Legal Studies (J.M.)


Juris Master in American Legal Studies (J.M.)

PURPOSE
The Juris Master in American Legal Studies (J.M.) exists to equip non-lawyers with knowledge of fundamental legal norms and principles to increase their effectiveness and intellectual abilities to address issues which have legal components in their respective professional fields.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Construct legal analyses using proper interpretation of United States legal norms.
  2. Evaluate foundational concepts as they relate to United States legal regimes.
  3. Integrate a Christian worldview in the context of United States law.
  4. Conduct legal research and writing in a United States law context.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
An applicant must complete the following steps:

  1. Complete an application for admission through the Liberty University Online by completing each section. All questions must be answered completely.
  2. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.).
  3. A curriculum vitae or résumé must be included in the application.
  4. Pay the non-refundable application fee ($50) to Liberty University.
  5. Undergraduate GPA of at least a 3.00 on a 4.00 scale
  6. TOEFL Scores for students who speak English as a second language (score of 600 paper –based test; 250 computer-based test, 80 internet-based test).

Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic Caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 15 hours of graduate-level credit from an accredited institution.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B- , and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the student’s program at Liberty University. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as stated in this Catalog, the Juris Master in American Legal Studies (J.M.) graduates must satisfy the following requirements:

  1. The successful completion of 30 credit hours of course work, which shall include successful completion of all required courses and satisfaction of the rigorous writing requirement.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. The maintenance of a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0.
  4. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ and C-).
  5. No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ and D-).
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Degree must be completed within 5 years.
  8. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Online Only
Juris Master in American Legal Studies (J.M.)


Master of Laws in International Legal Studies (LL.M.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Laws in International Legal Studies (LL.M.) exists to equip lawyers with relevant knowledge, in the context of the 21st century, to address international legal issues consistent with fundamental principles of justice and the rule of law.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Construct legal analyses using proper interpretations of international legal norms.
  2. Evaluate foundational concepts as they relate to international legal regimes.
  3. Integrate a Christian worldview into the practice of international law.
  4. Produce international legal research and writing analyses of thesis quality.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
For admission to the LL.M. program, an applicant must have a J.D. (Juris Doctor) from an accredited U.S. law school or a first law degree (LL.B. or the equivalent) from a foreign law school.

An applicant must complete the following steps:

  1. Complete an application for admission through the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) by completing each section, which includes the Personal Statement. All questions must be answered completely.
  2. Subscribe to the LL.M. Document Assembly Service and submit copies of all undergraduate, graduate, and law/professional school transcripts to LSAC. International students must also subscribe to the International Transcript Authentication and Evaluation Service via LSAC.
  3. Submit two letters of recommendation. The LSAC Letter of Recommendation Service must receive them.
  4. A curriculum vitae or résumé must be included in the application.
  5. Pay the non-refundable Document Assembly Service fee ($85) and Law School Report fee ($30) online at LSAC's website. If subscribing to the International Transcript Authentication and Evaluation Service, pay the $135 fee (LSAC).

Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic Caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 6 hours of graduate-level credit from an accredited institution.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B- , and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the student’s program at Liberty University. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as stated in this Catalog, the Master of Laws in International Legal Studies (LL.M.) graduates must satisfy the following requirements:

  1. The successful completion of 24 credit hours of course work, which shall include successful completion of all required courses and satisfaction of the rigorous writing requirement.
  2. The maintenance of a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0.
  3. A minimum of 18 credit hours must be completed through Liberty University School of Law, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  4. A maximum of six (6) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree.
  5. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ and C-).
  6. No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ and D-).
  7. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  8. Degree must be completed within 5 years.
  9. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Laws in International Legal Studies (L.L.M.)


Joint Degree Program with Helms School of Government

Shawn D. Akers, B.A., M.A., J.D.
Dean, Helms School of Government
Associate Professor of Government

Stephen M. Parke, B.S., J.D., LL.M.
Associate Dean, Helms School of Government
Associate Professor of Criminal Justice

B. Keith Faulkner, B.S., M.B.A., J.D.
Dean, School of Law
Professor of Law

Yuri G. Mantilla, LL.B., M.A., LL.M., Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Law
Director of Online Programs and Global Initiatives


Master of Arts in Public Policy (M.A.P.P.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Public Policy (MAPP) is a joint venture of Liberty University School of Law and Liberty University’s Helms School of Government.

Graduate level training pointedly designed to “impact the world” by training Christ-centered statesmen, leaders, scholars and policy makers, the MAPP will train its graduate to effectively shape policy in governmental, legislative, political, communications, managerial, academic, and international relations areas.

The Master of Arts in Public Policy provides access to faculty who are statesmen, leaders and policy makers and embody a Christ-centered philosophy that Liberty University ascribes to and imparts to a world in need of Christ’s directed influence.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze, plan, and develop public policies and/or public policy initiatives for national, state, and local governmental organizations, international organizations, private entities, and/or non-governmental agencies.
  2. Conduct quantitative and qualitative research on issues affecting federal, state and/or local legislative bodies.
  3. Analyze impact of existing or proposed public policies on individuals, institutions, American society and/or international relations.
  4. Analyze structure and operations of governments, corporations, for-profit, non-profit entities and the judiciary as they relate to public policy.
  5. Apply appropriate analyses skills.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific requirements for admission to the Master of Arts in Public Policy (MAPP) are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.).
  2. An undergraduate cumulative GPA of 3.00 or above (on a 4.00 scale).
  3. TOEFL Scores for students who speak English as a second language (score of 600 paper –based test; 250 computer-based test, 80 internet-based test).

Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic Caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 18 hours of graduate-level credit from an accredited institution.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B- , and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the student’s program at Liberty University. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as stated in this Catalog, M.A. in Public Policy graduates must:

  1. Complete 39 total hours
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00
  4. No more than two (2) grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-)
  5. No grades of D may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-)
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Students must complete all work for the degree within five years of initial enrollment of the program
  8. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
  9. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date

The faculty may change the requirements for the receipt of the M.A. in Public Policy, as well as the courses offered, at any time.  A student will be subject to the graduation requirements of the Catalog at the time of the student’s enrollment.  To maintain enrollment, students must enroll in at least one course during the academic year (from Fall to Summer).

PROGRAM FORMAT
The Master of Arts in Public Policy will be offered entirely online with a few optional residential intensive sessions typically during times when the Liberty University School of Law is not in session, such as during the breaks or summer months.


Programs of Study – Degree Completion Plans

Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Arts in Public Policy
Master of Arts in Public Policy: Campaigns and Elections
Master of Arts in Public Policy: International Affairs
Master of Arts in Public Policy: Middle East Affairs
Master of Arts in Public Policy: Public Administration


DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS (DCP)
Degree Completion Plans for the M.A. in Public Policy are available online at http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.


Dual Degree Programs

PURPOSE
Liberty University School of Law exists to equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures. The dual degree programs with Liberty University prepare students for desired specializations that are natural corollaries to the study of law. This enhances the law graduate’s ability to integrate their gifts, skills and interests into an expanding world.

DUAL DEGREE PROGRAMS
The following Liberty University degree programs are available for dual enrollment to qualified applicants who are students pursuing the J.D. program at Liberty University School of Law or alumni of the Liberty University School of Law. The master’s level programs will recognize, under certain circumstances, advanced standing or will accept select law school courses to meet certain academic requirements. See the section below on Admission Requirements for more information.

College of Arts and Sciences

Department of History

  • Master of Arts in History (M.A.), Thesis or Comprehensive

School of Behavioral Sciences

Department of Counselor Education and Family Studies

  • Master of Arts in Human Services (M.A.) Children, Families, and the Law Cognate

Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business

  • Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.)

Rawlings School of Divinity

  • Master of Arts in Religion (M.A.R.) Law Studies Cognate

School of Education

  • Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning (M.Ed.) Educational Law Cognate
  • Education Specialist (Ed.S.) Educational Law Cognate
  • Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) Educational Law Concentration

SCHOOL OF LAW DEGREE SEQUENCING
To pursue non-law courses in the dual degree programs during fall and spring semesters requires approval of the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. 

A Liberty Law student is able to pursue the non-law courses in a dual degree during Liberty University’s winter sessions and summer sessions.

First-year law students are not permitted to take non-JD courses.  It is the purview of the administration to limit a dual-degree participant’s academic load while actively pursuing a J.D. if the current course load hinders the participant’s course of study in the J.D.  For further questions about the sequencing of a dual degree program see the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

ADMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS
The dual degree programs are available for enrollment to students pursuing the J.D. program in the Liberty University School of Law or alumni of the Liberty University School of Law. The applicant must apply to and be accepted by the appropriate Liberty University Graduate School entity having met all that school’s admission requirements for the non-J.D. degree. As each department will have a distinct set of admission requirements, consult the School of Law’s Registrar for details on specific criteria. The applicant makes application for a particular dual degree through the School of Law’s Registrar.

PROGRAM COSTS
Current Liberty University School of Law students pay a flat fee for fall and spring semester classes. This currently includes non-J.D. courses taken in one of the dual degree programs up to an 18 hour cap. Taking non-J.D. courses during a fall and/or spring semester requires approval from the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

Students enrolled in non-J.D. courses during the winter and/or summer terms will pay the tuition rate for the non-J.D. dual degree program as published in the Expenses and Financial Policy section of this Catalog.  Courses taken during the winter and/or summer terms are not covered by the School of Law tuition rate.


Dual Degree Programs of Study – Degree Completion Plans

College of Arts and Sciences

Delivery Format: Residential Only
Master of Arts in History (M.A.) - Comprehensive
Master of Arts in History (M.A.) - Thesis


School of Behavioral Sciences

Department of Community Care and Counseling
Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Arts in Human Services Counseling (M.A.) - Children, Families and the Law


Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business

Delivery Format: Residential and Online
Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) - 36-hour


Rawlings School of Divinity

Delivery Format: Residential and Online
Master of Arts in Religion (M.A.R.) - Law Studies


School of Education

Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Education in Teaching and Learning (M.Ed.) - Educational Law
Education Specialist (Ed.S.) - Educational Law
Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) - Educational Law

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
For more information on program requirements, program learning outcomes, and course descriptions, please see the respective sections of this Catalog for the College of Arts and Sciences, School of Behavioral Sciences, Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business, Rawlings School of Divinity, School of Education, or Helms School of Government.

DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS
Degree Completion Plans for dual enrollment programs are available online at http://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?PID=2981.



Highlighted text indicates a change from the official version of the catalog.