Graduate Catalog 2016-2017 [Archived Catalog]

College of Arts and Sciences

Administration

Roger Schultz, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Dean, College of Arts and Sciences
Professor of History

Carey Roberts, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Associate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences
Professor of History


FACULTY
All faculty are listed at the end of this catalog in the Faculty Roster.  There are separate rosters for Full-Time and Part-Time faculty.  The entire roster can also be viewed online at https://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=25 where faculty can be searched for by Department.


PURPOSE
The purpose of the College of Arts and Sciences is to develop Christ-centered lifelong learners who think critically, live morally, and act skillfully to make contributions in their workplaces, communities, and around the world. They will be equipped with the essential knowledge, values, and skills in disciplines focused on philosophical, cultural, and scientific achievements. Graduates from the College of Arts and Sciences will be able to apply, communicate, and expand the knowledge they have gained as they seek to glorify God in fulfilling the Great Commission.

Departments of the College include English, Family and Consumer Sciences, History, Mathematics, Modern Languages, and Philosophy.  The College offers learning opportunities in American Sign Language, family and consumer sciences, fashion merchandising, child development, interior design, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language, geography, history, humanities, linguistics, mathematics, military science, philosophy, physical science, physics, and social sciences.


DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS (DCP)
Degree Completion Plans for graduate programs offered by the College of Arts and Sciences are available online from the Registrar’s webpage at http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.


Department of English

Yaw Adu-Gyamfi, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of English
Professor of English

Mark R. Harris, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Director, Master of Arts in English Program
Professor of English


Master of Arts in English (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in English is a 36-hour, graduate-level degree in English language and literature, practical in its reading and writing about a broad spectrum of texts in English, theoretical in its observation of texts through the diverse critical lenses of current literary theory, philosophical in its investigation of the meaning of literary texts in the human experience, professional in its preparation for further work in the academic disciplines as well as to a wide variety of professional disciplines to which a studied understanding of the human experience is valuable.  The purpose of the program is to equip students, within a Christian, biblical worldview, to pursue further studies in English language arts at the doctoral level, as well as to prepare for careers related to the field.  The M.A. in English will provide students with the opportunity to study the texts of literature in English and the western tradition, the critical tradition pertaining to these texts, and critical approaches to interpreting texts, as well as a background in research methods and the practice of writing and in the linguistic characteristics of English throughout its history, offered in advanced degree programs in English.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES      
The student will be able to:

  1. Discuss English language and literature and critical theory in a manner appropriate to the field.
  2. Produce in-depth research using appropriate scholarly methods and resources.
  3. Write in a professional and scholarly manner.
  4. Evaluate the relationships between literary works and their contexts.
  5. Analyze literary texts, theory, and history through a Christian worldview.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the M.A. in English are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.)
  2. Applicants should hold a 3.00 GPA for undergraduate study.  Applicants close to the requirement may be considered for enrollment in the program on a cautionary basis but will not qualify for Graduate Assistantship positions.  These students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.
  3. Applicants must have completed a bachelor’s degree, with the completion of at least 15-18 hours in upper-division English.
  4. Applicants are required to submit current GRE scores.
  5. Applicants must submit a writing sample explaining why they wish to pursue an advanced degree in English.
  6. Applicants must submit contact information for two professional recommendations.
  7. An 8-10 page academic writing sample.
  8. TOEFL (if applicable)

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to two graduate-level courses (total of 6 credit hours) from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as state in the Liberty University catalog, M.A. in English graduates must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 36 total hours.
  2. A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  3. A maximum of six (6) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree.
  4. Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00.
  5. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  6. No grades of D may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  7. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  8. Possess reading proficiency in a language other than English.
  9. Complete the M.A. in English within five years.
  10. All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  11. Complete the thesis or non-thesis track within the M.A. in English.
  12. Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester.

Program of Study

(M.A.) Master of Arts in English (36 hrs)
Program Option: Resident Format
Core Courses (12 hrs)
ENGL 501 Christian Poetics 3
ENGL 503 Bibliography and Research 3
ENGL 505 Advanced Literary Criticism 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 507 Teaching Composition *
ENGL 554 Teaching Writing Across the Curriculum *
Literature Courses (12 hrs)
Choose four of the following courses: 12
ENGL 510 Studies in Ancient Literature/Classics
ENGL 511 Christian Authors
ENGL 512 Seminar in British Authors
ENGL 515 Studies in British Literature
ENGL 517 Old English Literature
ENGL 523 Shakespeare
ENGL 529 Studies in American Literature
ENGL 532 Seminar in American Authors
ENGL 537 African-American Literature
ENGL 595 Directed Research 1
ENGL 613 Contemporary and Postmodern Literature
ENGL 656 Studies in World Literatures
Elective Courses (6 hrs)
Choose two of the following courses or substitute any core or literature course not already taken:
ENGL 513 Linguistics
ENGL 533 Advanced Grammar
ENGL 550 Nonfiction Writing
ENGL 551 Poetry Writing
ENGL 552 Fiction Writing
ENGL 562 Text Analysis
ENGL 564 English as a Global Language
Thesis or Elective Courses (6 hrs) 2
ENGL 689 Thesis Proposal and Research 3 3
ENGL 690 Thesis Defense 3
*GSAs take ENGL 507 while non-GSAs take ENGL 554.

Approval of program director required for ENGL 595.

Students may take ENGL electives instead of ENGL 689 & 690.

Any thesis student who is not ready for enrollment in ENGL 690 after completing ENGL 689 may be required, as determined by the student's thesis chair, to repeat ENGL 689 until deemed ready for enrollment in ENGL 690.

Master of Arts in Professional Writing (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Professional Writing is a 33-hour, graduate-level degree. This program is designed for those who wish to acquire specific skill sets associated with effective written communication in order that they may serve as writers and or instructors of writing with their respective organizations. The latter prepares the student to become a professional writer/editor or a teacher of written discourse primarily at the post-secondary level, but also in private and charter K-12 schools that do not require state-certified credentials.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Write in a professional and scholarly manner.
  2. Evaluate the literature of professional writing to reflect sound understanding of the literature of the field.
  3. Produce in-depth research using appropriate scholarly methods and resources.
  4. Evaluate the relationships between written texts and their contexts.
  5. Analyze the discourse of professional writing through a Christian worldview.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the M.A. in Professional Writing are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by the University.
  2. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study.  Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.75 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Academic Caution. These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.
  3. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in Professional Writing at Liberty University.
  4. TOEFL (if applicable)

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to two graduate-level courses (total of 6 credit hours) from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-; and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as state in the Liberty University catalog, M.A. in Professional Writing graduates must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 36 total hours.
  2. A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  3. A maximum of six (6) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree.
  4. Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00.
  5. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  6. No grades of D may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  7. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  8. Complete the M.A. in Professional Writing within (5) five years.
  9. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  10. Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester.

Program of Study

(M.A.) Master of Arts in Professional Writing (36 hrs)
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (18 hrs)
ENGL 600 Editing, Layout and Publishing 3
ENGL 601 Theory and Practice of Writing as Cultural Engagement 3
ENGL 602 Methods and Materials of Research 3
ENGL 607 Composition Studies 3
ENGL 633 Advanced English Grammar 3
ENGL 654 Methods of Teaching Writing Across the Curriculum 3
Professional Writing Courses (9 hrs)
Choose three of the following courses: 9
BUSI 600 Business Research Methods
COMS 542 Communication in Christian Ministry
COMS 550 Communication for Teachers
COMS 552 Leadership Communication
COMS 658 Strategic Communication Campaigns for the Digital Age
ENGL 664 English as a World Language
HLTH 553 Grant Acquisition and Management
PPOG 635 Speech Writing for Candidates and Officeholders 3
Thesis or Elective Courses (6 hrs) 1
ENGL 689 Thesis Proposal and Research 3
ENGL 690 Thesis Defense 3
Elective Courses (3 hrs)
Choose a 500-600 level course not already applying to the degree. 3

Students may take ENGL electives instead of ENGL 689 and 690


Department of History

Samuel C. Smith, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of History
Director, History Graduate Program
Professor of History


Master of Arts in History (M.A.)

PURPOSE
This program complies with regional accreditation standards, and is designed to promote superior academic scholarship and professionalism for those students continuing their education or entering vocations in the field of history.  It seeks to prepare students to understand history's place in God's plan and to meet the challenges posed by history vocations.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Apply a Christian worldview in their study of history;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge in research methodology;
  3. Analyze historiographical positions at a graduate level;
  4. Communicate effectively in written and oral form.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the Master of Arts in History program are as follows:

Thesis Track

  1. Students interested in being considered for a Graduate Assistantship starting in the Fall semester should apply by February 15 and for those starting in the Spring semester by November 15
  2. Official transcripts indicating successful completion of a baccalaureate degree program from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.) must be mailed directly from the Registrar of the college(s) attended to the Office of Graduate Admissions.
  3. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study. Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.75 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Cautionary Status.  These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester, and may not qualify for assistantship positions until a 3.00 average is earned in graduate study.
  4. The Department of History will give preference to applicants who have completed a B.S. or B.A. in History or a related discipline before their first semester of enrollment. However, the Department will also consider students with degrees from other disciplines.
  5. Applicants should have at least 18 semester hours in undergraduate history or related disciplines. Those with less than 18 semester hours must take additional history or history related courses as approved by LU History Department.
  6. Applicants are required to submit current GRE scores. Generally, applicants are expected to score at least a 155 (verbal) and 3.5 (analytical writing).
  7. Applicants must submit a 12-15 page (or longer) typed research paper with their application. The paper should use the Turabian (Chicago Manual) Style for citations and formatting.
  8. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in History at Liberty University.
  9. Applicants must submit contact information for two academic or professional recommendations.

Comprehensive Track

  1. Students interested in being considered for a Graduate Assistantship starting in the Fall semester should apply by February 15 and for those starting in the Spring semester by November 15
  2. Official transcripts indicating successful completion of a baccalaureate degree program from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.) must be mailed directly from the Registrar of the college(s) attended to the Office of Graduate Admissions.Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study.
  3. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study. Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.75 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Academic Caution.  These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester. Resident students admitted on Academic Caution may not qualify for assistantship positions until a 3.00 average is earned in graduate study.
  4. Applicants should have at least 18 semester hours in undergraduate history or related disciplines. Those with less than 18 semester hours must take additional history or history related courses as approved by LU History Department.
  5. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in History at Liberty University.
  6. Applicants must submit contact information for two academic or professional recommendations.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
The Master of Arts in History offers two tracks, thesis or comprehensive. Students pursuing the thesis track will take eight graduate courses (24 hours) and then write a thesis (6 hours).  Students pursuing the comprehensive track will take twelve courses (36 hours).  Regardless of track, all students will take 6 hours of core courses as part of their total hours.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to two graduate-level courses (total of 6 credit hours) from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. No core courses can be transferred from another institution. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

  1. Satisfactory completion of all course and/or thesis requirements in either the thesis (30 hours) or non-thesis (36 hours) tracks. Students must complete all courses with a 3.00 or higher cumulative grade point average.
  2. Thesis Option program: A minimum of 24 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  3. Non-Thesis Option program: A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  4. For each option, a maximum of six (6) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree one the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree subject to department approval.
  5. Students must receive at least a B in each of the program’s core courses (includes grades of B+ & B-).
  6. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  7. No grade of D may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  8. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  9. Students pursuing an M.A. in History (thesis-track) with a European emphasis must have completed the equivalent of 12 hours at the undergraduate level in one language other than English or demonstrate a reading competency in a non-English language.
  10. Degree must be completed within five years.
  11. All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  12. Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester.

Program of Study

(M.A.) Master of Arts in History (30 hrs) Thesis Track
Program Option: Resident Format
Core Courses (6 hrs)
HIST 501 Historical Methods and Interpretation 3
HIUS 530 American Christian Heritage 3
History Elective Courses (15 hrs) *
Choose five 500-600 level electives from the following disciplines for which prerequisites have been met: HIST, HIEU, HIUS or HIWD 15
Graduate Elective Course (3 hrs) *
Choose one 500-600 level graduate course including history courses not already taken above 3
Thesis Courses (6 hrs)
HIST 689 Thesis Proposal and Research 1 3
HIST 690 Thesis Defense 3
* Students who have obtained a J.D. or are pursuing the dual degree J.D./MA History program (thesis track) may satisfy a History Elective (3 hours) with LAW 581 or LAW 585 (or approved LAW substitutes) and apply up to 3 hours of LAW credit to the Graduate Elective.

"Any student who is not ready for enrollment in HIST 690 after completing HIST 689 may be required, as determined by the student's thesis chair, to repeat HIST 689 until deemed ready for enrollment in HIST 690. While HIST 689 may be taken more than once, only one enrollment in the course will be permitted to count toward degree requirements."

(M.A.) Master of Arts in History (36 hrs) Comprehensive Track
Core courses (6 hrs)
HIST 501 Historical Methods and Interpretation 3
HIUS 530 American Christian Heritage 3
History Elective Courses (21 hrs) 1 *, **
Choose seven 500-600 level electives from the following disciplines for which prerequisites have been met: HIST, HIEU, HIUS or HIWD 21
Graduate Elective Courses (9 hrs) 2 *, **
Choose three 500-600 level graduate courses including history courses not already taken above 9
*Students who have obtained a J.D. or are pursuing the dual degree J.D./MA History program (Comprehensive track) may satisfy a History Elective (3 hours) with LAW 581 or LAW 585 (or approved LAW substitutes) and apply up to 9 hours of LAW credit to the Graduate Electives.
**Students who switch from the thesis track to the comprehensive track are permitted to use one enrollment in HIST 689 toward degree requirements.

Students must take two electives from HIEU or HIWD disciplines.

Students are encouraged to select courses from the following: CHHI 520, 525, 660, 670, ENGL 637, 656, 664, PHIL 565, 575, THEO 601, 602 & 603

Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies is a 31-hour graduate program.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze knowledge of the literature of the discipline of two areas of study by examining the interdisciplinary relationship of each discipline.
  2. Integrate biblical principles through a professional and interdisciplinary context.
  3. Synthesize the knowledge gained from their study across disciplines.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general admission requirements, admission to candidacy in the M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies program requires:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.)
  2. An undergraduate cumulative GPA of 2.50 or above (on a 4.00 scale)
  3. TOEFL (if applicable)

Students who do not meet the minimum Good Standing GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester. Students who have less than an undergraduate 2.00 GPA will not be admitted to the program.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation, as stated in the Liberty University Catalog, M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies students must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 31 total hours.
  2. A minimum of 16 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  3. A maximum of fifteen (15) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree.
  4. Maintain a 2.50 GPA to remain in the program.
  5. Degree must be completed within five (5) years.
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  8. Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester.

Program of Study

(M.A.) Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (31 hrs)
Program Options: Online Format
INDS 500 Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies 1
INDS 600 Interdisciplinary Research 3
Area of Study I (12 hrs)
Area of Study II (9 hrs) 1
Graduate Electives (6 hrs) 2
Select Area of Study I and Area of Study II courses from the approved Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies Area of Study Guide.

Area of Study II must be different from Area of Study I

Graduate Elective must be selected from approved from courses on the approved Area of Study Guide



Highlighted text indicates a change from the official version of the catalog.