Graduate Catalog 2015-2016 [Archived Catalog] [Archived Catalog]

School of Law

Administration

B. Keith Faulkner, B.S., J.D., M.B.A.
Dean, School of Law

Rena M. Lindevaldsen, B.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Law
Associate Director, Liberty Center for Law and Policy
Professor of Law


J. Matt Barber, B.S., M.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Online Programs, School of Law
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Law


Rita Beale, B.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Internal Affairs, School of Law

Suzanne Caruso, B.S., M.B.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Career & Professional Development, School of Law
Assistant Field Instructor
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Paralegal Studies Program

 


FACULTY
All faculty are listed at the end of this catalog in the Faculty Roster. There are separate rosters for full-time and part-time faculty. The entire roster can also be viewed online at https://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=23 where faculty can be searched for by department.


PURPOSE
Liberty University School of Law exists to equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures.

  • Equip future leaders in law. Inspiring students and preparing them to excel and lead in their profession.
  • With a superior legal education. Constructing and implementing an education characterized by excellence.
  • In fidelity to the Christian faith. Adhering to the perspective that shaped the Western legal tradition.
  • Expressed through the Holy Scriptures. Pursuing truth in a context of free thought and expression informed by a standard.

DISTINCTIVES
An emphasis on mastery of foundational legal subjects and skills.
The objective of the School of Law is to equip and prepare students for success as legal professionals. Thus, there is an expectation by administration and faculty that students devote themselves with particular diligence to the subjects and skills identified as critical to professional excellence. 

An emphasis on a rigorous and well-rounded intellectual life. Students are challenged intellectually at Liberty, not only with the technical aspects of law, but with a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to education and knowledge rooted in the Christian intellectual tradition. We firmly believe an educated lawyer should be thoroughly acquainted with the great thinkers and shapers of Western civilization and the Western legal tradition. Liberty University School of Law trains students to think analytically, a skill that can be developed properly only through an interdisciplinary approach to analyzing ideas. 

An emphasis on understanding the significance of constitutional government with a special emphasis on the history and meaning of the United States Constitution and other foundational organic documents.

An emphasis on clear and persuasive writing.
Liberty University School of Law is the only law school in the country requiring six lawyering skills courses. Liberty graduates must excel in writing—one of the lawyer’s most powerful skills.

An emphasis on influential oral advocacy skills. A lawyer must be able to communicate effectively using the spoken word whether or not a litigation practice is an ultimate goal. Leaders in the legal profession know how to convincingly communicate with an audience. At Liberty, students focus on advocacy in many contexts and take part in demanding lawyering skills courses designed to develop oral communication skills.

An emphasis on teaching/mentoring. Liberty is a teaching law school. Members of the faculty are expected to display the highest degree of professional proficiency and scholarly research while prioritizing the teaching/mentoring role. Proficiency in teaching students is the Liberty law professor’s first priority.


ACCREDITATION
Liberty University School of Law is fully accredited by the Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar of the American Bar Association; 321 North Clark Street; Chicago, IL 60654-7598; 312.988.5000. 

The American Bar Association (ABA) approval process is a thorough and careful process intended to ensure that law schools awarded approval meet all of the requirements set by the ABA to ensure a quality legal education. 

Liberty University School of Law opened in August 2004 and completed the required full academic year to be eligible to apply for provisional approval by the ABA.  On February 13, 2006, provisional approval was awarded.  In March 2009, following the required two year provisional approval time frame, Liberty applied for full approval.  On August 5, 2010, Liberty University School of Law was awarded full accreditation by the ABA.

Liberty University School of Law is one of 205 ABA provisionally or fully approved law schools in the United States.


CURRICULUM GOALS
The overarching goal of the faculty in designing and adopting the curriculum is to further the Mission of the School of Law, that is to “equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures.”

The particular goals of the faculty in designing and adopting the curriculum are to:

  1. Reflect the fundamental values upon which our legal system is based:
    • that there is a corpus juris, a body of law, in which courses are related to one another as a logically consistent, comprehensive whole;
    • that a government of laws is possible only where law reflects the truths that God has revealed to man and to which man is accountable; and
    • that the preservation of the rule of law requires skillful and committed legal practitioners who are much more than mere technicians.
  2. Require courses that develop the body of knowledge, set of skills and professional values in which every lawyer must be grounded.
  3. Offer a range of electives that allows students to gain an introduction to various areas of law or to develop particular areas of competence.
  4. Prepare leaders for success in the two main phases of their professional lives, the study of law, and the practice of law.
  5. Prepare students to pass bar examinations in the states of their choice.

Juris Doctor (J.D.)

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate mastery of foundational legal subjects.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in written skills required for legal practice.
  3. Demonstrate proficiency in oral advocacy and communication skills required for legal practice.
  4. Critically analyze and resolve legal issues.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of the significance of constitutional government, including the U.S. Constitution and other foundational organic documents.
  6. Demonstrate professional behavior grounded in the biblical worldview in accordance with accepted legal standards.
  7. Critically analyze legal issues from a distinctively Christian worldview.

SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Admission to the Juris Doctor program at Liberty University School of Law is explained under separate cover in the law school’s roadbook, which can be requested through law@liberty.edu and is also located online at http://law.liberty.edu.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
The faculty may change the requirements for receipt of the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, as well as the courses offered, at any time. A student will be subject to the credit hours of course work requirement in force at the time of the student’s enrollment or re-enrollment.

The law school confers the J.D. degree upon its graduates. The J.D. degree has not been conferred on a student until the law school has issued a final transcript marked “Degree Awarded.” Students shall graduate upon satisfying the following requirements, which are not subject to variance or waiver unless otherwise provided in the Academic Policies and Procedures:

  1. The successful completion of 90 credit hours of course work, which shall include successful completion of all required courses and satisfaction of the Rigorous Writing Requirements;
  2. The maintenance of a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.00; and
  3. The completion of six semesters in residence (or equivalent) as a full-time student. For purposes of the Policies and Procedures, “semester” excludes both summer and interterm sessions.
  4. The maximum period of time for a full-time law student to complete the requirements for the J.D. degree shall be 84 months.
  5. Of the 90 credits required for graduation, no more than 12 credits may be acquired through independent studies, clinics, externships, and co-curricular activities.
  6. There shall be no unresolved report of violation of the Academic Honor Code or Personal Code of Honor, no pending conduct review committee proceedings, and no unremedied violation of the Academic Honor Code or Personal Code of Honor.

Program of Study

(J.D.) Juris Doctor (90 hrs)
Program Option: Resident Format
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 505 Contracts I 3
LAW 506 Contracts II 3
LAW 511 Torts I 3
LAW 512 Torts II 2
LAW 515 Property I 2
LAW 516 Property II 3
LAW 521 Civil Procedure I 3
LAW 522 Civil Procedure II 2
LAW 525 Lawyering Skills I 2
LAW 526 Lawyering Skills II 3
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 535 Criminal Law 3
LAW 541 Criminal Procedure 3
LAW 545 Evidence 3
LAW 561 Business Associations 3
LAW 565 Professional Responsibility 2
LAW 571 Lawyering Skills III 2
LAW 572 Lawyering Skills IV 2
LAW 575 Wills, Trusts, and Estates 3
LAW 591 Taxation of Individuals 3
LAW 595 Lawyering Skills V 3
LAW ___ Lawyering Skills VI 2-3
LAW Electives 25
Note: All Course Requirements subject to change.

Joint Degree Program with Helms School of Government

Shawn D. Akers, B.A., M.A., J.D.
Dean, Helms School of Government
Associate Professor of Government


Stephen M. Parke, B.S., J.D., LL.M.
Associate Dean, Helms School of Government
Associate Professor of Criminal Justice


Rena M. Lindevaldsen, B.A., J.D.
Interim Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Law
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Law
Associate Director, Liberty Center for Law and Policy
Professor of Law


J. Matt Barber, B.S., M.A., J.D.
Associate Dean for Online Programs, School of Law
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Law


Master of Arts in Public Policy (M.A.P.P.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Public Policy (MAPP) is a joint venture of Liberty University School of Law and Liberty University’s Helms School of Government.

Graduate level training pointedly designed to “impact the world” by training Christ-centered statesmen, leaders, scholars and policy makers, the MAPP will train its graduate to effectively shape policy in governmental, legislative, political, communications, managerial, academic, and international relations areas.

The Master of Arts in Public Policy provides access to faculty who are statesmen, leaders and policy makers and embody a Christ-centered philosophy that Liberty University ascribes to and imparts to a world in need of Christ’s directed influence.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze, plan, and develop public policies and/or public policy initiatives for national, state, and local governmental organizations, international organizations, private entities, and/or non-governmental agencies.
  2. Conduct quantitative and qualitative research on issues affecting federal, state and/or local legislative bodies.
  3. Analyze impact of existing or proposed public policies on individuals, institutions, American society and/or international relations.
  4. Analyze structure and operations of governments, corporations, for-profit, non-profit entities and the judiciary as they relate to public policy.
  5. Apply appropriate analyses skills.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific requirements for admission to the Master of Arts in Public Policy (MAPP) are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.).
  2. An undergraduate cumulative GPA of 3.00 or above (on a 4.00 scale).
  3. TOEFL (if applicable).

Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic Caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to nine (9) hours of graduate-level credit from an accredited institution.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the student’s program at Liberty University.  Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.


GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as stated in this Catalog, M.A. in Public Policy graduates must:

  • Complete 39 total hours
  • A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
  • A maximum of nine (9) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
  • Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00
  • No more than two (2) grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-)
  • No grades of D may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-)
  • For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information an Policies section of this Catalog
  • Students must complete all work for the degree within five years of initial enrollment of the program
  • All Online students admitted on Academic  Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
  • Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester

The faculty may change the requirements for the receipt of the M.A. in Public Policy, as well as the courses offered, at any time.  A student will be subject to the graduation requirements of the Catalog at the time of the student’s enrollment.  To maintain enrollment, students must enroll in at least one course during the academic year (from Fall to Summer).

PROGRAM FORMAT
The M.A. in Public Policy will be offered entirely online with a few optional residential intensive sessions typically during times when the law school is not in session, such as during the breaks or summer months.


Program of Study

(M.A.P.P.) Master of Arts in Public Policy (39 hrs)
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (21 hrs) 1
PPOG 500 Introduction to Writing, Research and Turabian 3
PPOG 502 Economics and Public Policy 3
PPOG 503 Political Philosophy 3
PPOG 504 Leadership, Statesmanship, and Governance 3
PPOG 506 Introduction to Geopolitics and International Diplomacy 3
PPOL 501 Foundations of American Governance: An Introduction to Public Policy 3
PPOL 505 Applied Public Policy Research Methods 3
Elective Courses (18 hrs) 2
Choose six of the following courses for which prerequisites have been met: BMAL 500, 501, 550, 602, BUSI 520, 604, 605, 606, 607, 620, COMS 520, 560, 622, EDUC 500, 518, 604, 631, PADM 501, 530, 550, PPOG 624, 635, 640, 641, PPOL 630, 631, 650 or 652 18

Students are strongly encouraged to take PPOL 501, PPOG 502, and PPOG 503 before PPOG 504, PPOG 506, and PPOL 505. The content of these courses will help set a foundation for the remaining Public Policy coursework.

Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute electives with up to nine credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585, 601, 605, 610, 645, 720, 721, 725, 741, 743, 745, 755, 760, 761 and 765. Non-Liberty students pursuing a J.D. or have a completed J.D. may be able to use up to 9 hours of Law Credit towards this degree pending review and approval by the LU School of Law.


Cognates

(M.A.P.P.) Master of Arts in Public Policy (39 hrs) Campaigns and Elections Cognate
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (21 hrs) 1
PPOG 500 Introduction to Writing, Research and Turabian 3
PPOG 502 Economics and Public Policy 3
PPOG 503 Political Philosophy 3
PPOG 504 Leadership, Statesmanship, and Governance 3
PPOG 506 Introduction to Geopolitics and International Diplomacy 3
PPOL 501 Foundations of American Governance: An Introduction to Public Policy 3
PPOL 505 Applied Public Policy Research Methods 3
Campaigns and Elections Cognate Courses (12 hrs)
PPOG 624 Presidential Leadership 3
PPOG 635 Speech Writing for Candidates and Officeholders 3
PPOL 630 Campaign Tactics, Strategies, and Management 3
PPOL 631 Message, Media and Political Communications 3
Elective Courses (6 hrs) 2
Choose two of the following courses for which prerequisites have been met: BMAL 500, 501, 550, 602, BUSI 520, 604, 605, 606, 607, 620, COMS 520, 560, 622, EDUC 500, 518, 604, 631, PADM 501, 530, 550, PPOG 640, 641, PPOL 650 or 652 6

Students are strongly encouraged to take PPOL 501, PPOG 502, and PPOG 503 before PPOG 504, PPOG 506, and PPOL 505. The content of these courses will help set a foundation for the remaining Public Policy coursework.

Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute electives with up to nine credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585, 601, 605, 610, 645, 720, 721, 725, 741, 743, 745, 755, 760, 761 and 765. Non-Liberty students pursuing a J.D. or have a completed J.D. may be able to use up to 9 hours of Law Credit towards this degree pending review and approval by the LU School of Law.

(M.A.P.P.) Master of Arts in Public Policy (39 hrs) International Affairs Cognate
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (21 hrs) 1
PPOG 500 Introduction to Writing, Research and Turabian 3
PPOG 502 Economics and Public Policy 3
PPOG 503 Political Philosophy 3
PPOG 504 Leadership, Statesmanship, and Governance 3
PPOG 506 Introduction to Geopolitics and International Diplomacy 3
PPOL 501 Foundations of American Governance: An Introduction to Public Policy 3
PPOL 505 Applied Public Policy Research Methods 3
International Affairs Cognate Courses (12 hrs)
PPOG 640 Middle East Laws and Policy 3
PPOG 641 U.S. Middle East Foreign Policy 3
PPOL 650 International Law, Policy, and Politics 3
PPOL 652 U.S. Foreign Policy and Sovereignty Issues 3
Elective Courses (6 hrs) 2
Choose two of the following course for which prerequisites have been met: BMAL 500, 501, 550, 602, BUSI 520, 604, 605, 606, 607, 620, COMS 520, 560, 622, EDUC 500, 518, 604, 631, PADM 501, 530, 550, PPOG 624, 635, PPOL 630 or 631 6

Students are strongly encouraged to take PPOL 501, PPOG 502, and PPOG 503 before PPOG 504, PPOG 506, and PPOL 505. The content of these courses will help set a foundation for the remaining Public Policy coursework.

Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute electives with up to nine credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585, 601, 605, 610, 645, 720, 721, 725, 741, 743, 745, 755, 760, 761 and 765. Non-Liberty students pursuing a J.D. or have a completed J.D. may be able to use up to 9 hours of Law Credit towards this degree pending review and approval by the LU School of Law.

(M.A.P.P.) Master of Arts in Public Policy (39 hrs) Middle East Affairs Cognate
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (21 hrs) 1
PPOG 500 Introduction to Writing, Research and Turabian 3
PPOG 502 Economics and Public Policy 3
PPOG 503 Political Philosophy 3
PPOG 504 Leadership, Statesmanship, and Governance 3
PPOG 506 Introduction to Geopolitics and International Diplomacy 3
PPOL 501 Foundations of American Governance: An Introduction to Public Policy 3
PPOL 505 Applied Public Policy Research Methods 3
Middle East Affairs Cognate Courses (12 hrs)
PPOG 640 Middle East Laws and Policy 3
PPOG 641 U.S. Middle East Foreign Policy 3
PPOL 631 Message, Media and Political Communications 3
PPOL 650 International Law, Policy, and Politics 3
Elective Courses (6 hrs) 2
Choose two of the following courses for which prerequisites have been met: BMAL 500, 501, 550, 602, BUSI 520, 604, 605, 606, 607, 620, COMS 520, 560, 622, EDUC 500, 518, 604, 631, PADM 501, 530, 550, PPOG 624, 635, PPOL 630 or 652 6

Students are strongly encouraged to take PPOL 501, PPOG 502, and PPOG 503 before PPOG 504, PPOG 506, and PPOL 505. The content of these courses will help set a foundation for the remaining Public Policy coursework.

Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute electives with up to nine credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585, 601, 605, 610, 645, 720, 721, 725, 741, 743, 745, 755, 760, 761 and 765. Non-Liberty students pursuing a J.D. or have a completed J.D. may be able to use up to 9 hours of Law Credit towards this degree pending review and approval by the LU School of Law.

(M.A.P.P.) Master of Arts in Public Policy (39 hrs) Public Administration Cognate
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (21 hrs) 1
PPOG 500 Introduction to Writing, Research and Turabian 3
PPOG 502 Economics and Public Policy 3
PPOG 503 Political Philosophy 3
PPOG 504 Leadership, Statesmanship, and Governance 3
PPOG 506 Introduction to Geopolitics and International Diplomacy 3
PPOL 501 Foundations of American Governance: An Introduction to Public Policy 3
PPOL 505 Applied Public Policy Research Methods 3
Public Administration Cognate Courses (9 hrs)
PADM 501 Fundamentals of Public Administration 3
PADM 530 Politics, Strategies, and Initiatives of Community Economic Development 3
PADM 550 Public Policy Analysis 3
Elective Courses (9 hrs) 2
Choose three of the following courses for which prerequisites have been met: BMAL 500, 501, 550, 602, BUSI 520, 604, 605, 606, 607, 620, COMS 520, 560, 622, EDUC 500, 518, 604, 631, PPOG 624, 635, 640, 641, PPOL 630, 631, 650 or 652 9

Students are strongly encouraged to take PPOL 501, PPOG 502, and PPOG 503 before PPOG 504, PPOG 506, and PPOL 505. The content of these courses will help set a foundation for the remaining Public Policy coursework.

Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute electives with up to nine credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585, 601, 605, 610, 645, 720, 721, 725, 741, 743, 745, 755, 760, 761 and 765. Non-Liberty students pursuing a J.D. or have a completed J.D. may be able to use up to 9 hours of Law Credit towards this degree pending review and approval by the LU School of Law.


DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS (DCP)
Degree Completion Plans for the M.A. in Public Policy are available online at http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.


 

Dual Degree Programs

PURPOSE
Liberty University School of Law exists to equip future leaders in law with a superior legal education in fidelity to the Christian faith expressed through the Holy Scriptures. The dual degree programs with Liberty University prepare students for desired specializations that are natural corollaries to the study of law. This enhances the law graduate’s ability to integrate their gifts, skills and interests into an expanding world.

DUAL DEGREE PROGRAMS
The following Liberty University degree programs are available for dual enrollment to qualified applicants who are students pursuing the J.D. program at Liberty University School of Law or alumni of the Liberty University School of Law. The master’s level programs will recognize, under certain circumstances, advanced standing or will accept select law school courses to meet certain academic requirements. See the section below on Admission Requirements for more information.

College of Arts and Sciences

Department of History

  • Master of Arts in History (M.A.), Thesis or Non-Thesis

School of Behavioral Sciences

Department of Counselor Education and Family Studies

  • Master of Arts in Human Services (M.A.) Children, Families, and the Law Cognate

Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business

  • Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.)

Rawlings School of Divinity

  • Master of Arts in Religion (M.A.R.) Law Studies Cognate
  • Master of Divinity (M.Div.) Law Studies Cognate

School of Education

  • Masters of Education in Teaching and Learning (M.Ed.) Educational Law Cognate
  • Education Specialist (Ed.S.) Educational Law Cognate
  • Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) Educational Law Concentration

SCHOOL OF LAW DEGREE SEQUENCING
To pursue non-law courses in the dual degree programs during fall and spring semesters requires approval of the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. 

A Liberty Law student is able to pursue the non-law courses in a dual degree during Liberty University’s winter sessions and summer sessions.

First-year law students are not permitted to take non-JD courses.  It is the purview of the administration to limit a dual-degree participant’s academic load while actively pursuing a J.D. if the current course load hinders the participant’s course of study in the J.D.  For further questions about the sequencing of a dual degree program see the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

ADMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS
The dual degree programs are available for enrollment to students pursuing the J.D. program in the Liberty University School of Law or alumni of the Liberty University School of Law. The applicant must apply to and be accepted by the appropriate Liberty University Graduate School entity having met all that school’s admission requirements for the non-J.D. degree. As each department will have a distinct set of admission requirements, consult the School of Law’s Registrar for details on specific criteria. The applicant makes application for a particular dual-degree through the School of Law’s Registrar.

PROGRAM COSTS
Current Liberty University School of Law students pay a flat fee for fall and spring semester classes. This currently includes non-J.D. courses taken in one of the dual-degree programs up to an 18 hour cap. Taking non-J.D. courses during a fall and/or spring semester requires approval from the School of Law’s Registrar and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

Students enrolled in non-J.D. courses during the winter and/or summer terms will pay the tuition rate for the non-J.D. dual-degree program as published in the Expenses and Financial Policy section of this Catalog.  Courses taken during the winter and/or summer terms are not covered by the School of Law tuition rate.


Dual Degree Programs of Study


College of Arts and Sciences

(M.A.) Master of Arts in History (30 hrs) Thesis Option Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Resident Format
Core Courses (6 hrs)
HIST 501 Historical Methods and Interpretation 3
HIUS 530 American Christian Heritage 3
History Elective Courses (15 hrs)
Choose five 500-600 level electives from the following disciplines for which prerequisites have been met: HIST, HIEU, HIUS and HIWD 15*
Graduate Elective Course (3 hrs)
Choose one 500-600 level graduate course including history courses not already taken above 3*
Thesis Courses (6 hrs)
HIST 689 Thesis Proposal and Research 1 3
HIST 690 Thesis Defense 3
*Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute a history elective and a graduate elective with six credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585
Law Courses 6
Select any combination from the following courses:
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 581 Jurisprudence 3
LAW 585 Legal History 3
Graduation Requirements:
• Complete 30 total hours
• A minimum of 24 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty University
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 3.00 GPA
• Thesis required
• Grades of "C" are not permitted in the Core area
• No more than two (2) grades of "C" may be applied to the degree.
• No grade of "D" may be applied to the degree
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 5 years
• All resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Submit Graduation Application at beginning of final semester

Any student who is not ready for enrollment in HIST 690 after completing HIST 689 may be required, as determined by the student’s thesis chair, to repeat HIST 689 until deemed ready for enrollment in HIST 690

(M.A.) Master of Arts in History (36 hrs) Comprehensive Option Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Resident Format
Core Courses (6 hrs)
HIST 501 Historical Methods and Interpretation 3
HIUS 530 American Christian Heritage 3
History Elective Courses (24 hrs) 1 *, **
Choose eight 500-600 level electives from the following disciplines for which prerequisites have been met: HIST, HIEU, HIUS and HIWD 24
Graduate Elective Courses (6 hrs) 2 *, **
Choose two 500-600 level graduate courses including history courses not already taken above 6
*Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University may substitute two history electives and two graduate electives with twelve credit hours from the following courses: LAW 501, 502, 531, 532, 581, 585
**Students who switch from the thesis track to the comprehensive track are permitted to use one enrollment in HIST 689 toward degree requirements.
Law Courses 12
Select any combination from the following courses:
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 581 Jurisprudence 3
LAW 585 Legal History 3
Graduation Requirements:
• Complete 36 total hours
• A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 3.00 GPA
• Grades of "C" are not permitted in the Core area
• No more than two (2) grades of "C" may be applied to the degree
• No grade of "D" may be applied to the degree
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 5 years
• All resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Submit Graduation Application at beginning of final semester

Students must take two electives from HIEU or HIWD disciplines.

Students are encouraged to select courses from the following: CHHI 520, 525, 660, 670, ENGL 637, 656, 664, PHIL 565, 575, THEO 601, 602 & 603

School of Behavioral Sciences

Department of Counselor Education and Family Studies


Program of Study

(M.A.) Master of Arts in Human Services Counseling - Children, Families and the Law Cognate Dual Degree Program (30 hrs)
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (18 hrs)
Children, Families, and the Law Cognate (12 hrs)
Choose twelve credits from the following courses:
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 601 Family Law 3
LAW 605 Children and the Law Seminar 2
LAW 610 Child Abuse and the Law 2
LAW 725 School Law Seminar 2
LAW 765 Sexual Behavior and the Law 2
LAW 821 Mediation 2
Graduation Requirements:
• Complete 30 total hours
• A minimum of 24 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 2.50 GPA
• No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-)
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 5 years
• All resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• All Online students admitted on Academic Probation are required to Enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Please submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester

Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business


Program of Study

(M.B.A.) Master of Business Administration (36 hrs) Dual Degree Program
Program Options: Online and Resident Format
Core Courses (36 hrs)
BUSI 520 Strategic Marketing Management 3
BUSI 530 Managerial Finance 3
BUSI 561 Legal Issues in Business 3*
BUSI 600 Business Research Methods 3
BUSI 601 Accounting for Decision Making 3
BUSI 604 International Business 3
BUSI 610 Organizational Design and Structure 3
BUSI 620 Global Economic Environment 3
BUSI 650 Operations Management 3
BUSI 642 Contemporary Issues in Human Resource Management 3
BUSI 690 Policy and Strategy in Global Competition 3
Students who have obtained or are pursuing a J.D. through Liberty University School of Law may substitute the elective with three credit hours from the following courses: 3
LAW 561 Business Associations 3
LAW 615 Taxation of Estates and Gifts 3
LAW 621 Estate Planning 3
LAW 637 Basic Uniform Commercial Code 3
LAW 641 Taxation of Businesses 3
LAW 643 Mergers and Acquisitions 2
LAW 644 Securities Regulation 3
LAW 645 Business Planning 3
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 2
LAW 651 Real Estate Transaction and Development 3
LAW 655 Bankruptcy 3
LAW 661 Intellectual Property 3
LAW 745 International Business Transactions 3
LAW 781 Employment Law 3
Graduation Requirements:
• Complete 36 total hours
• A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty University
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 3.00 GPA
• No more than two (2) grades of "C" may be applied to the degree
• No grade of "D" may be applied to the degree
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 5 years
• All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• All Online students admitted on Academic Probation are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Submit Graduation Application at the beginning of the final semester

Rawlings School of Divinity

Program of Study
 

(M.A.R.) Master of Arts in Religion (60 hrs) Law Studies Cognate Dual Degree Program
Program Options: Online and Resident Formats
Core Courses (48 hrs)
APOL 500 Introduction to Apologetics 3
CHHI 520 History of Christianity I 3
CHHI 525 History of Christianity II 3
DSMN 500 Discipleship Ministries 3
DSMN 520 Spiritual Formation 3
EVAN 525 Contemporary Evangelism 3
GLST 500 Global Studies Survey 3
HOMI 500 Preparation of the Sermon 3
NBST 515 New Testament Orientation I 3
NBST 520 New Testament Orientation II 3
NBST 610 Hermeneutics 3
OBST 515 Old Testament Orientation I 3
OBST 520 Old Testament Orientation II 3
RTCH 500 Research, Writing, and Ministry Preparation 3
THEO 525 Systematic Theology I 3
THEO 530 Systematic Theology II 3
Law Studies Cognate (12 hrs)
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 2
Graduation Requirements
• Complete 60 total hours
• A minimum of 33 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 27 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 2.00 GPA
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 7 years
• All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• All Online students admitted on Academic Probation are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Submit Graduation Application at the beginning of the final semester
(M.Div.) Master of Divinity (93 hrs) Law Studies Concentration Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Online Format
Core Courses (54 hrs)
APOL 500 Introduction to Apologetics 3
CHHI 520 History of Christianity I 3
CHHI 525 History of Christianity II 3
CHHI 665 History of Baptists 3
DSMN 500 Discipleship Ministries 3
DSMN 520 Spiritual Formation 3
EVAN 525 Contemporary Evangelism 3
GLST 500 Global Studies Survey 3
HOMI 500 Preparation of the Sermon 3
LEAD 635 Theology of Pastoral Ministry 3
NBST 515 New Testament Orientation I 3
NBST 520 New Testament Orientation II 3
NBST 610 Hermeneutics 3
OBST 515 Old Testament Orientation I 3
OBST 520 Old Testament Orientation II 3
RTCH 500 Research, Writing, and Ministry Preparation 3
THEO 525 Systematic Theology I 3
THEO 530 Systematic Theology II 3
Law Studies Cognate (15 hrs)
LAW 501 Foundations of Law I 2
LAW 502 Foundations of Law II 2
LAW 531 Constitutional Law I 4
LAW 532 Constitutional Law II 2
LAW 601 Family Law 3
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 2
Biblical Languages (18 hrs)
N.T. Greek & O.T. Hebrew Track
NGRK 520 Beginning Greek I 3
NGRK 525 Beginning Greek II 3
NGRK 620 Greek Syntax 3
OTCL 520 Beginning Hebrew 3
OTCL 620 Hebrew Syntax 3
OTCL 650 Hebrew Exegesis 3
OR
English Bible Track
NGRK 505 Greek Language Tools 3
OTCL 505 Hebrew Language Tools 3
NBST/NGRK electives (600 level) 6
OBST/OTCL electives (600 level) 6
Elective Courses (6 hrs)
Choose two 500-600 level elective from the following disciplines for which the prerequisites have been met: APOL, CHHI, CMIN, DSMN, EVAN, GLST, HOMI, LEAD, OBST, OTCL, PACO, NBST, NGRK, THEO, WRSP & YOUT 6
Graduation Requirements
• Complete 93 total hours
• A minimum of 48 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 45 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 2.00 GPA
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 10 years
• All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• All Online students admitted on Academic Probation are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Submit Graduation Application at the beginning of the final semester

School of Education


  Programs of Study

(M.Ed.) Master of Education in Teaching and Learning (36 hrs) Educational Law Cognate Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Online Format
Advanced Education Core Courses (15 hrs)
EDUC 500 Advanced Educational Psychology 3
EDUC 518 Understanding Educational Research and Assessment 3
EDUC 521 Foundations of Exceptionality 3
EDUC 645 Foundations for Educational Leaders 3
EDUC 672 Curriculum Development (Elementary/Secondary) 3
Educational Law Cognate Courses (12 hrs) 1
Choose twelve credit hours from the following courses:
LAW 601 Family Law 3
LAW 605 Children and the Law Seminar 2
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 2 2
LAW 661 Intellectual Property 3
LAW 705 First Amendment Law Seminar 2
LAW 725 School Law Seminar 2
LAW 781 Employment Law 3
LAW 785 Land Use and Zoning 3
Professional Courses (9 hrs)
EDUC Elective  3 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC Elective (600 level) 4
EDUC 642 Leadership and Supervision in Education
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 696 Current Issues in Education *
EDUC 698 Directed Practicum *
Note: No residency required for non-licensure
*Background check clearance required (EDUC 696, 698)
Graduation Requirements:
• Complete 36 total hours
• A minimum of 30 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree
• 2.50 GPA
• No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-)
• No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-)
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
Degree must be completed within 5 years
• All online students admitted on Academic Probation are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester
• Please submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester

Students who have previously obtained a J.D. from Liberty University may use conferred LAW credit toward the completion of this degree. Students who do not have a sufficient number of applicable LAW credits must take additional LAW electives to fulfill the requirement.

May be satisfied as an independent study if necessary

Choose any 500-600 level EDUC course except EDUC 590, 591, 592, 593, 698 or 699.

Must be a 600 level course

(Ed.S.) Education Specialist (30 hrs) Educational Law Cognate Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Online Format
Upon completion of this program plan including licensure courses listed above, initial licensure/experience, and passing the required Virginia assessments, a student will be eligible for a Virginia license in this program’s area of endorsement. Refer to www.liberty.edu/advisingguide.
Foundations of Education Core Courses (9 hrs)
EDUC 701 Theories and Research in Educational Psychology 3
EDUC 740 Leadership Principles and Ethics 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 703 Theories of Historical and Social Foundations of Education
EDUC 741 Theories of Educational Leadership 1
Research and Evaluation Core Courses (6 hrs)
EDUC 798 Advanced Research and Writing 2 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 606 Tests and Measurements
EDUC 812 Advanced Educational Statistics 3
Educational Law Cognate Courses (15 hrs) 4
Choose twelve credits from the following courses:
LAW 601 Family Law 3
LAW 605 Children and the Law Seminar 2
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 5 2
LAW 661 Intellectual Property 3
LAW 705 First Amendment Law Seminar 2
LAW 725 School Law Seminar 2
LAW 781 Employment Law 3
LAW 785 Land Use and Zoning 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 742 Educational Leadership and Public Relations
EDUC 745 Organizational Analysis and Problem Solving for Educators
Graduation Requirements
• Complete 30 total hours
• A minimum of 24 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 6 hours of transfer credit may be applied to the degree
• 3.00 GPA
• No more than one grade of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ and C-)
• No grade of D or below may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ and D-)
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 5 years
• Please submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar's Office at the beginning of the final semester
Notes:
No residence is required for the non-licensure program. Residence is required for licensure and is strongly recommended for those who plan to complete the Ed.D. after the Ed.S. Licensure information can be found on the next page.

Course offered in Residence (EDUC 741)

"This capstone course is to be taken in the student's final semester. Background check clearance is required for this course."

Must be admitted to the Ed.D. program and have completed the equivalent to EDUC 518 as a prerequisite.

Students who have previously obtained a J.D. from Liberty University may use conferred LAW credit towards the completion of this degree. Students who do not have a sufficient number of applicable LAW credits must take additional LAW electives to fulfill the requirement.

May be satisfied as an independent study if necessary.

(Ed.D.) Doctor of Education (60 hrs) Educational Law Concentration Dual Degree Program
Program Option: Online Format
Upon completion of this program plan, additional licensure courses, initial license/experience, and passing the required Virginia assessments, you will be eligible for a Virginia license in this program’s area of endorsement. Refer to www.liberty.edu/advisingguide.
Leadership Core Courses (12 hrs)
EDUC 701 Theories and Research in Educational Psychology 3
EDUC 703 Theories of Historical and Social Foundations of Education 3
EDUC 740 Leadership Principles and Ethics 3
EDUC 741 Theories of Educational Leadership 1 3*
Research and Evaluation Core Courses (12 hrs) 2
EDUC 812 Advanced Educational Statistics 3
EDUC 815 Quantitative Methods of Research 3
EDUC 817 Qualitative Methods of Research 3
EDUC 919 Professional Writing and Research 3 3*, **
Educational Law Concentration Courses (24 hrs) 4
EDUC elective (700-800 level)  5 3
Choose fifteen credits from the following courses:
LAW 601 Family Law 3
LAW 605 Children and the Law Seminar 2
LAW 648 Law of Nonprofits 6 2
LAW 661 Intellectual Property 3
LAW 705 First Amendment Law Seminar 2
LAW 725 School Law Seminar 2
LAW 781 Employment Law 3
LAW 785 Land Use and Zoning 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 742 Educational Leadership and Public Relations
EDUC 745 Organizational Analysis and Problem Solving for Educators
Choose one of the following courses: 3
EDUC 848 Culture and Educational Leadership
EDUC 849 College and University Administration
Dissertation Courses (12 hrs) 7
EDUC 970 Comprehensive Exam 0**
EDUC 980 Dissertation Prospectus 3
EDUC 989 Dissertation Proposal and Research 3**, ^, ^^
EDUC 989 Dissertation Proposal and Research 3**, ^, ^^
EDUC 990 Dissertation Defense 8 3**
*Course offered in residency (EDUC 741, 919)
**Background check clearance required (EDUC 919, 970, 989, 990)
^EDUC 989 must be taken a minimum of two times. Any student who is not ready for enrollment in EDUC 990 after completing the second enrollment in EDUC 989 may be required, as determined by the student’s dissertation chair, to repeat EDUC 989 until deemed ready for enrollment in EDUC 990.
^^Ed.D. students are allowed to enroll in EDUC 989 a maximum of three times before their dissertation proposal is approved, and a maximum of nine times total. Extensions for exceptional circumstances must be approved by the Associate Dean for Advanced Programs in the School of Education.
Graduation Requirements
• Complete 60 hours
• A minimum of 45 hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty
• A maximum of 15 hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree +
• 3.00 GPA
• No grades lower than a B- may be applied to the degree
• Passing score on Comprehensive Exam
• Successful defense of Dissertation
• For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
• Degree must be completed within 7 years
• Submit Graduation Application at the beginning of the final semester
+Applicants who have previously completed an Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) or equivalent degree from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education will be considered for advanced standing (up to 24 hours) in the Ed.D. program. Students who have earned an Ed.S. degree through Liberty are permitted to apply up to 27 hours (as applicable) from that degree toward the Ed.D.

EDUC 741 must be earned with a grade of B or higher.

An educational research course equivalent to EDUC 518 is a prerequisite to the Research and Evaluation Core.

EDUC 919 should be one of the final courses in the program; must be taken after completing EDUC 815 & 817.

Students who have previously obtained a J.D. from Liberty University may use conferred LAW credit towards the completion of this degree. Students who do not have a sufficient number of applicable LAW credits must take additional LAW electives to fulfill the requirement.

"Choose any 700-800 level course except EDUC 798 which may not be used as an elective in the Ed.D. Additional courses required for licensure and may be taken for 700-800 level elective."

May be satisfied as an independent study if necessary.

Once the student enters the Dissertation phase, he/she must maintain continuous enrollment (Fall, Spring and Summer semesters) until all degree requirements are completed.

EDUC 990 (dissertation defense) must be completed on campus; does not count toward residency requirements.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
For more information on program requirements, program learning outcomes, and course descriptions, please see the respective sections of this Catalog for the College of Arts and Sciences, School of Behavioral Sciences, Alton W. and Lois H. Overton Graduate School of Business, Rawlings School of Divinity, School of Education, or Helms School of Government.

DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS
Degree Completion Plans for dual enrollment programs are available online at http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.



Highlighted text indicates a change from the official version of the catalog.