Before Israel (4,300 – 2,100 B.C.)

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After the Flood, those that were preserved on the Ark began to multiply and in time new civilizations were founded. This period represents the great empires of Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, Egypt and Canaan that dominated the ancient Near East before the time of the Israelites.

The archaeological periods that represent this time are the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages and the artifacts on exhibit are from these time periods when pottery was made largely without the use of a wheel and often decorated with stripes or geometric designs or a burnished red slip.

On display is a wide variety of vessels used in daily life while larger ledge-handled jars from the Early Bronze age are exhibited in separate cases throughout the museum. Below are just a few items from our exhibit.

Large Early Bronze ledge-handle store jar from Israel.
Replica of gold funeral masque of Mycenaean King Agamemnon discovered at Mycenae in 1876 by Heinrich Schliemann. Dating of original is 1550-1500 BC. From National Athenian Museum, Athens.
Early Bronze spouted jar with two small loop handles From Hebron area.


Middle Bronze Canaanite white ware vase. Decorated with red and black geometric designs. From Jericho area.

Large Chalcolithic jar with painted stripe design. Ca. 3,000 B.C. From Israel.


Iron Age I Phoenician Askos. Buff; undecorated. From Israel.

Middle Bronze Canaanite twin juglet. From Israel.