Module 3 Notes
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3

Nature and Nurture

Section Introduction

Nature and Nurture

Section 3 Introduction - During early childhood, a crucial psychosocial task is the psychosocial development of emotional regulation. As children’s prefrontal cortex develops, so does their need to grow their psychosocial skills through engaging in play, especially with their peers. In addition, as children’s personality and faculties develop, so does their caregivers’ chosen style of parenting. When evaluating parental styles, developmentalists have found that no parent has a perfect parenting style, but the most important qualities of parenting are balancing discipline and strictness while ensuring that the child receives warmth and affection. It is also important to consider the impact of culture when evaluating parental styles, as well as children’s developing gender schema. Simultaneously, children are developing morally and need the guidance of adults to foster prosocial behavior. In this process, parents function as more than a provider but as a model and counselor as their child works through their developing emotions. The ways in which parents choose to discipline the emotional outbursts and misbehaviors of their children can also have long-term effects. As children develop, so must the caregiver in order to meet their child’s ever-growing cognitive and emotional maturation. 

Learning Objectives
  1. Evaluate the place of nature and nurture in early childhood development
Early Childhood Education
Emotional Development