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Turabian Formatting - Quick Guide

Formatting

  • 1’’ margins
  • Times New Roman size 12 font
  • Double-spaced (see all exceptions on p. 375 of the Turabian manual)
    Some exceptions include block quotes, figure captions, footnotes, bibliographies, and reference lists
  • Do not number the title page if it is the only front matter. If there is a table of contents and/or other front matter, the title page will be page i (see p. 386).

Style

  • Use active voice.
  • There are two citation styles in Turabian—Bibliography Style and Reference-List Style—Choose one! Be aware of your professor’s preference. (see p. 137)
  • When referring to a source whose bibliographical data are in the footnote prior, use ibid. to shorten the citation (p. 155)
  • Since the Bible is considered a sacred work, cite it in footnotes, not the bibliography

Main Body

Headings

  • Here is one plan for five levels of headings; however, you may create your own format (see p. 398). *Please adhere to professor guidelines at all times.
    • First level: centered, boldface or italic type, headline-style capitalization
    • Second level: centered, regular type, headline-style capitalization
    • Third level: flush left, boldface or italic type, headline-style capitalization
    • Fourth level: flush left, roman type, sentence-style capitalization
    • Fifth level: run in at beginning of paragraph (no blank line after, boldface or italic type, sentence-style capitalization, terminal period

References

  • NOTE: The second line and all subsequent lines of each item on the reference list should be indented. Please see the Turabian Sample Paper for an example of a properly formatted reference page.

Bibliography Style

Footnotes

  • Book with a single author or editor
    Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication), XX-XX.
     
  • Book with multiple authors
    Note Number. Author #1’s First and Last Names and Author #2’s First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher’s  Name, Date of Publication), XX-XX.
     
  • Journal Article in Print
    Note Number: Author’s First and Last Names, “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article,” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX.
     
  • Journal Article Online
    Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article,” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication), under “Descriptive Locator,” URL (accessed Date of Access).

Bibliography

  • Book with a single author or editor
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication.
     
  • Book with multiple authors
    Author #1’s Last Name, Author #1’s First name, and Author #2’s First and Last Names. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication.
     
  • Journal Article in Print
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article.” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication): YY-YY.
     
  • Journal Article Online
    Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article.” Title of Journal Volume Number (Date of Publication). URL (accessed Date of Access).

Reference List-Style

  • In reference list-style, there is one general form used:
    Last Name, First Name. Year Published. Title of book: Subtitle of book. Publication City: Publisher.

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