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Formatting the Basics | Writing the Main Body | Formatting Citations and Bibliographies
If you are a School of Divinity student, you will need to refer to the School of Divinity Turabian Guide.
Always check the requirements and preferences of your professor, department, and institution. They may have particular preferences for how a paper should be formatted.
The entire paper should be double-spaced, apart from the following exceptions:
You can use our Pagination Tutorial for Turabian to help format your paper.
Our sample paper puts the page numbers at the top right.
Note: The table of contents (if a paper has one) should have its own page numbers in Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, ix, etc.).
Because the title page requirements may vary, we have a separate page, with visuals, for formatting a title page as either the typical title page for an undergrad paper or the typical title page for a dissertation/thesis.
The table of contents should be structured around the main headings and subheadings of the paper. If it is long enough, a paper may require chapters with subdivisions.
Note: A table of contents usually has what’s called “Dot-Leader Tabs,” or a series of periods between the content title and its page number (Content Title………………...1).
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This will present some basics about writing the body of your paper.
Incorporating research that is credible and relevant helps to support and validate a paper's argument.
With plagiarism, it’s better to be safe than sorry: if it’s not yours, cite it! Our page dedicated to incorporating research and avoiding plagiarism includes information on how to integrate summaries and paraphrases, quotations and block quotes, and more.
This will introduce the two styles used for citing sources and research within your paper.
We can help create footnotes or endnotes or create a bibliography.
We can help create parenthetical citations or create a reference list.
Material on this page adapted from Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 8th ed. In manual, see 7.4, 7.6, 7.9, 11.1-11.5, 15.1-15.4, 16.1, 18.1, A.1, A.2.