Educational & Faculty Use


You may display or perform a work in your class without obtaining permission or doing a fair use evaluation if your use meets the following criteria.

Use Must Be:

  • For instructional purposes
  • In face-to-face teaching
  • At a nonprofit educational institution

Allowed Types of Use:

  • Showing all or part of a movie or television show
  • Including pictures, images, graphs, and charts in your lecture slides
  • Playing music

For more information, see DMCA, TEACH Act, and Multimedia Use.


Multiple photocopies for classroom use may be made by or for the teacher for classroom use or discussion provided the copying is brief and spontaneous. These copies can be distributed to students in a class without the publisher's prior permission, under the following conditions:

  • Distribution of the same photocopied material does not occur every semester
  • Only one copy is distributed for each student which must become the student's property
  • Material includes a copyright notice on the first page of the portion of material photocopied
  • Students are not assessed any fee beyond the actual cost of the photocopying

Using Videos

The rules governing the showing of copyrighted videos are the same as those governing any other copyrighted performance. A purchased, rented or borrowed from the University Library videos may be used in a classroom setting in conjunction with face-to-face instruction. Be aware and comply with any special terms in the rental or purchase agreements.

Copying Programs Off-the-Air

Guidelines for copying television programs off-the-air have been developed by an ad hoc committee composed of representatives of the broadcast industry and educators."Off-the-air" means television programs transmitted for reception by the general public without charge, including such programs being simultaneously transmitted by a cable system. It does not include programs shown on pay cable or pay TV services. Since the issuance of the television guidelines, several court decisions have dealt with taping at home, which can be extended to taping by educational institutions as well.

Acceptable use of videotapes of broadcast programs in the classroom:

  • Recordings may be used by individual teachers in the course of "time-shifting" the program in order to be seen in class. They may not be shown from semester to semester without permission, and they should be erased at the end of the semester in which they are used.
  • Recordings should be shown in classrooms and other similar places devoted to instruction.
  • A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each broadcast recording to meet the legitimate needs of teachers under these guidelines.
  • Videos of broadcast recordings need not be used in their entirety, but they may not be altered from their original content. They may not be physically or electronically combined or merged to constitute teaching anthologies or compilations.
  • All copies of off-air recordings must include the copyright notice on the broadcast as recorded.

Blackboard use

You should perform a fair use analysis when deciding whether to post materials to Blackboard without permission. There is no specific number of chapters, paragraphs, or lines that is certainly fair (or unfair), nor are there specific percentages.

An alternative to posting copies is to link directly to an Internet resource. If you want to use an article that is available in one of the Library’s electronic databases for instructional purposes, we recommend creating a persistent link and inserting the link into Blackboard.

Note regarding use of the Library’s electronic resources: The majority of the Library’s databases contain materials that are licensed for specific uses and/or users. If you are unable to create a persistent link as suggested above and you wish to use an electronic resource in your course please contact:

Course Reserves

It is the responsibility of individual faculty members to determine whether or not they possess the right to copy works in whole or in part for course related use, as well as submit a course reserve request form to the circulation desk. Generally speaking, if the request calls for only a single copy to be placed on reserve, the Library may photocopy an entire article, chapter from a book, or poem. Refer to the ALA Model Policy for requests of multiple copies to be put on reserve.

Note: the Library will not keep copies on reserve for more than one semester without obtaining permission. In such cases, faculty should be aware of alternatives:

  • If the article exists in one of the Library’s databases, a persistent link can be created within Blackboard
  • There are many open access journals available online, which are not copyrighted
  • Most classics are considered public domain and available online
  • Faculty can provide students with a citation to locate the article in the Library’s database