Graduate Catalog 2017-2018

College of Arts and Sciences

Administration

Roger Schultz, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Dean, College of Arts and Sciences
Professor of History

Carey Roberts, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Associate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences
Professor of History


PROGRAM DIRECTORS
A listing of program directors can be viewed at http://www.liberty.edu/programdirectors.


FACULTY
All faculty are listed at the end of this catalog in the Faculty Roster.  There are separate rosters for Full-Time and Part-Time faculty.  The entire roster can also be viewed online at http://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=28 where faculty can be searched for by Department.


PURPOSE
The purpose of the College of Arts and Sciences is to develop Christ-centered lifelong learners who think critically, live morally, and act skillfully to make contributions in their workplaces, communities, and around the world. They will be equipped with the essential knowledge, values, and skills in disciplines focused on philosophical, cultural, and scientific achievements. Graduates from the College of Arts and Sciences will be able to apply, communicate, and expand the knowledge they have gained as they seek to glorify God in fulfilling the Great Commission.

Departments of the College include English, Family and Consumer Sciences, History, Mathematics, Modern Languages, and Philosophy.  The College offers learning opportunities in American Sign Language, family and consumer sciences, fashion merchandising, child development, interior design, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language, geography, history, humanities, linguistics, mathematics, military science, philosophy, physical science, physics, and social sciences.


DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS (DCP)
Degree Completion Plans for graduate programs offered by the College of Arts and Sciences are available online from the Registrar’s webpage at http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.


Department of English

Yaw Adu-Gyamfi, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of English
Professor of English

 


Master of Arts in English (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in English is a 36-hour, graduate-level degree in English language and literature, practical in its reading and writing about a broad spectrum of texts in English, theoretical in its observation of texts through the diverse critical lenses of current literary theory, philosophical in its investigation of the meaning of literary texts in the human experience, professional in its preparation for further work in the academic disciplines as well as to a wide variety of professional disciplines to which a studied understanding of the human experience is valuable.  The purpose of the program is to equip students, within a Christian, biblical worldview, to pursue further studies in English language arts at the doctoral level, as well as to prepare for careers related to the field.  The M.A. in English will provide students with the opportunity to study the texts of literature in English and the western tradition, the critical tradition pertaining to these texts, and critical approaches to interpreting texts, as well as a background in research methods and the practice of writing and in the linguistic characteristics of English throughout its history, offered in advanced degree programs in English.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Discuss English language and literature and critical theory in a manner appropriate to the field.
  2. Produce in-depth research using appropriate scholarly methods and resources.
  3. Write in a professional and scholarly manner.
  4. Evaluate the relationships between literary works and their contexts.
  5. Analyze literary texts, theory, and history through a Christian worldview.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the M.A. in English are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.)
  2. Applicants should hold a 3.00 GPA for undergraduate study.  Applicants close to the requirement may be considered for enrollment in the program on a cautionary basis but will not qualify for Graduate Assistantship positions.  These students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.
  3. Applicants must have completed a bachelor’s degree, with the completion of at least 15-18 hours in upper-division English.
  4. Applicants are required to submit current GRE scores.
  5. Applicants must submit a writing sample explaining why they wish to pursue an advanced degree in English.
  6. Applicants must submit contact information for two professional recommendations.
  7. An 8-10 page academic writing sample.
  8. TOEFL (if applicable)

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to  18 credit hours from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as state in the Liberty University catalog, M.A. in English graduates must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 36 total hours.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00.
  4. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  5. No grades of D may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Possess reading proficiency in a language other than English.
  8. Complete the M.A. in English within five years.
  9. All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  10. Complete the thesis or non-thesis track within the M.A. in English.
  11. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Residential Only
Master of Arts in English (M.A.)


Master of Arts in Professional Writing (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Professional Writing is a 36-hour, graduate-level degree. This program is designed for those who wish to acquire specific skill sets associated with effective written communication in order that they may serve as writers and or instructors of writing with their respective organizations. The latter prepares the student to become a professional writer/editor or a teacher of written discourse primarily at the post-secondary level, but also in private and charter K-12 schools that do not require state-certified credentials.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Write in a professional and scholarly manner.
  2. Evaluate the literature of professional writing to reflect sound understanding of the literature of the field.
  3. Produce in-depth research using appropriate scholarly methods and resources.
  4. Evaluate the relationships between written texts and their contexts.
  5. Analyze the discourse of professional writing through a Christian worldview.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the M.A. in Professional Writing are as follows:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by the University.
  2. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study.  Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.50 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Academic Caution. These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester.
  3. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in Professional Writing at Liberty University.
  4. TOEFL (if applicable)

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 18 credit hours from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-; and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation as state in the Liberty University catalog, M.A. in Professional Writing graduates must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 36 total hours.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. Maintain a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00.
  4. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  5. No grades of D may be applied to the degree. (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Complete the M.A. in Professional Writing within (5) five years.
  8. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  9. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Arts in Professional Writing (M.A.)


Department of History

Samuel C. Smith, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of History
Professor of History


Master of Arts in History (M.A.)

PURPOSE
This program complies with regional accreditation standards, and is designed to promote superior academic scholarship and professionalism for those students continuing their education or entering vocations in the field of history.  It seeks to prepare students to understand history's place in God's plan and to meet the challenges posed by history vocations.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Apply a Christian worldview in their study of history;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge in research methodology;
  3. Analyze historiographical positions at a graduate level;
  4. Communicate effectively in written and oral form.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION PROCEDURES
In addition to the general admission requirements, specific admission procedures to the Master of Arts in History program are as follows:

Thesis Option

  1. Students interested in being considered for a Graduate Assistantship starting in the Fall semester should apply by February 15 and for those starting in the Spring semester by November 15
  2. Official transcripts indicating successful completion of a baccalaureate degree program from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.) must be mailed directly from the Registrar of the college(s) attended to the Office of Graduate Admissions.
  3. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study. Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.50 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Cautionary Status.  These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester, and may not qualify for assistantship positions until a 3.00 average is earned in graduate study.
  4. The Department of History will give preference to applicants who have completed a B.S. or B.A. in History or a related discipline before their first semester of enrollment. However, the Department will also consider students with degrees from other disciplines.
  5. Applicants should have at least 18 semester hours in undergraduate history or related disciplines. Those with less than 18 semester hours must take additional history or history related courses as approved by LU History Department.
  6. Applicants are required to submit current GRE scores. Generally, applicants are expected to score at least a 155 (verbal) and 3.5 (analytical writing).
  7. Applicants must submit an 8-10 page (or longer) typed research paper with their application. The paper should use the Turabian (Chicago Manual) Style for citations and formatting.
  8. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in History at Liberty University.

Comprehensive Option

  1. Students interested in being considered for a Graduate Assistantship starting in the Fall semester should apply by February 15 and for those starting in the Spring semester by November 15
  2. Official transcripts indicating successful completion of a baccalaureate degree program from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.) must be mailed directly from the Registrar of the college(s) attended to the Office of Graduate Admissions.Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study.
  3. Applicants should hold a cumulative GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00 for undergraduate study. Applicants who hold a cumulative undergraduate GPA of 2.50 to 2.99 on a 4.00 scale may be eligible for admission on Academic Caution.  These students are required to take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester. Resident students admitted on Academic Caution may not qualify for assistantship positions until a 3.00 average is earned in graduate study.
  4. Applicants should have at least 18 semester hours in undergraduate history or related disciplines. Those with less than 18 semester hours must take additional history or history related courses as approved by LU History Department.
  5. Applicants must submit a 300- to 500-word statement as to why they want to pursue a M.A. in History at Liberty University.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
The Master of Arts in History offers two options, thesis or comprehensive. Students pursuing the thesis option will take eight graduate courses (24 hours) and then write a thesis (6 hours).  Students pursuing the comprehensive option will take twelve courses (36 hours).  Regardless of option, all students will take 6 hours of core courses as part of their total hours.

TRANSFER CREDIT
For the thesis option, students may transfer up to 15 credit hours from an accredited institution subject to department approval. For the comprehensive option, students may transfer up to 18 credit hours from an accredited institution subject to departmental approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. No core courses may be transferred from another institution. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

  1. Satisfactory completion of all course and/or thesis requirements in either the thesis (30 hours) or non-thesis (36 hours)  options. Students must complete all courses with a 3.00 or higher cumulative grade point average.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.
  3. For the thesis option, a minimum of 15 hours must be completed via on-campus courses, and may not be completed via online courses. 
  4. Students must receive at least a B in each of the program’s core courses (includes grades of B+ & B-).
  5. No more than two grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  6. No grade of D may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  7. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  8. Students pursuing an M.A. in History (thesis option) with a European emphasis must have completed the equivalent of 12 hours at the undergraduate level in one language other than English or demonstrate a reading competency in a non-English language.
  9. Degree must be completed within five years.
  10. All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  11. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  12. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student’s anticipated graduation date. 

Programs of Study – Degree Completion Plans

Delivery Format: Residential and Online
Master of Arts in History (M.A.) - Comprehensive

Delivery Format: Residential Only
Master of Arts in History (M.A.) - Thesis


Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (M.A.)

PURPOSE
The Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies is a 31-hour graduate program.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze knowledge of the literature of the discipline of two areas of study by examining the interdisciplinary relationship of each discipline.
  2. Integrate biblical principles through a professional and interdisciplinary context.
  3. Synthesize the knowledge gained from their study across disciplines.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general admission requirements, admission to candidacy in the M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies program requires:

  1. Earned baccalaureate degree or its equivalent from an institution accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (e.g., SACSCOC, TRACS, ABHE, etc.)
  2. An undergraduate cumulative GPA of 2.50 or above (on a 4.00 scale)
  3. TOEFL (if applicable)

Students who do not meet the minimum Good Standing GPA requirement may be admitted on Academic caution status; these students must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing in their first semester. Students who have less than an undergraduate 2.00 GPA will not be admitted to the program.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to 15 credit hours from an accredited institution subject to department approval. In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of C-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to other regulations governing graduation, as stated in the Liberty University Catalog, M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies students must meet the following requirements:

  1. Complete 31 total hours.
  2. A maximum of 50% of the program hours may be transferred if approved and allowable, including credit from an earned degree from Liberty University on the same academic level.  (For this degree program, the maximum is 15 hours.)
  3. Maintain a 2.50 GPA to remain in the program.
  4. Degree must be completed within five (5) years.
  5. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  6. All Online students admitted on Academic Caution are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  7. Submission of Graduation Application must be completed within the last semester of a student's anticipated graduation date.

Program of Study – Degree Completion Plan

Delivery Format: Online Only
Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (M.A.)


Department of Philosophy

Gary R., Habermas, B.R.E., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of Philosophy
Distinguished Research Professor of Apologetics and Philosophy


Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies (M.A.P.S)

This program is suspended and is not currently accepting new students. For more information, please contact Dr. Edward Martin (enmartin@liberty.edu).

PURPOSE
C. S. Lewis held that good philosophy must be maintained and furthered carefully, for at least one very important reason: to answer bad philosophy. If ideas have consequences, and really bad ideas have really bad consequences--which is certainly born out in all periods of time, including our own--, then surely good ideas can have really good consequences. Providing a Christ-centered program in Philosophy and Christian Philosophy will further the mission of our University, by instilling the skills, knowledge, and values (all three critically important classical philosophical terms) to students to positively impact today's world.  Let it be plain: we seek to produce graduates who know Jesus Christ, know why they believe in Him and on His name, and want to see the Glory of Jesus--His enduring love, auspicious power, and empowering grace--rule in this world!  The impact on our world will be seen in graduates who are agents of transformation in this world, here, now.  They will be seen to be unashamed Christ-followers, known by the way they very practically live, work, teach, and treat others, as "lovers of wisdom," in a way that pleases the Lord.  The program, delivered by caring and compassionate faculty taught at some of the nation's finest institutions of higher education, is designed to foster knowledge of key philosophical concepts in metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics, ethics, logic and philosophy of religion.  This knowledge will further the graduate's ability to decipher reality from appearance, truth from error, right from wrong, beauty from ugliness, sacred from profane.  We want to produce spiritually-grounded individuals, attuned to the Spirit of God, who relate well with others, and are eager to understand and work against injustices in (and against) our world.  Finally, we strive to remind each graduate that our value comes solely from God, in whose Image we are made.  That God has created us, forged us in the image of the true Lord of our souls, leads inevitably to the inalienable value of, dignity of, and respect due to persons made in the image of the eternal, paradigmatic Person in whom we can safely place our very lives.    Soli Deo gloria!

The Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies is a 36-hour residential-only program designed for persons desiring a graduate-level education in Philosophy, Christian Thought/Apologetics, and studies in the Christian worldview.  One of its purposes is to provide an excellent basis for graduate work at the doctoral level either in the United States or overseas in Philosophy, Theology, Law, Religious Studies, or the Humanities.  The program also offers advanced study for personal enrichment in one or more of these areas of research.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Evaluate major Christian options in classical and contemporary philosophy.
  2. Produce research using appropriate scholarly methods and resources.
  3. Appraise the value of classical and contemporary philosophical arguments for Christian theories of reality, knowledge, and value.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the general admission procedures, the following regulations will govern admission into the Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies program:

  1. Minimum cumulative undergraduate GPA of 3.00 on a scale of 4.00.
  2. The applicant must have a minimum score of 300 (a combination of the Verbal and Quantitative scores) on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) and 3.5 on the analytic writing portion, or have successfully completed 12 credit hours of graduate-level coursework.
  3. The applicant must have an undergraduate major or minor in philosophy, religious studies, the humanities, or a related field.
  4. A 300-450 word Statement of Purpose (in which the applicant expresses reasons for pursuing the degree).

An applicant who fails to meet the requirements listed above may be admitted on Cautionary status.  Students admitted on Academic Caution must take and pass GRST 500 – Introduction to Graduate Writing their first semester. The deficiencies in prior training may then be satisfied with undergraduate courses. After satisfying admissions requirements and after having completed no more than nine hours toward graduation, the student may then apply for degree candidacy.

TRANSFER CREDIT
Students may transfer up to two graduate-level courses (total of 6 credit hours) from an accredited institution subject to department approval.  In order to transfer credit, students must have earned the minimum grade of B-, and courses must have been completed within 10 years of the start date of the program. Credits from a prior degree on the same academic level earned through Liberty University are considered transfer credits.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
When possible, students should strive to take PHIL 680 during the first spring semester of their program.  Seminars (PHIL 597, 697) are offered frequently, and on a rotating basis with various topics, and can be taken multiple times for this reason.  The program director can advise you of upcoming courses to be offered and help you determine times and dates of various phases of one’s program.  It should be noted that the MAPS program includes a thesis that normally takes two semesters or more to complete.

FOREIGN LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT
Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies students may meet the foreign language requirement in one of the following three manners:

  1. Successfully complete 12 undergraduate hours or nine graduate hours of one foreign language with an overall average of B;
  2. Successfully perform in a translation examination, with test and score determined by the appropriate department; and
  3. Successfully complete a Foreign Language Reading Competency Test developed by the Educational Testing Services of Princeton, NJ.

GRADUATE STUDIES HANDBOOK
Each Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies (MAPS) student is required to obtain a copy of the Graduate Studies Handbook. This publication gives policies and procedures that are unique to the M.A. program, outlines steps to be followed in securing the mentor for the thesis, as well as deadlines for this process, and provides other information that will assist the MAPS student.

COMPREHENSIVE EXAM
The Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies program requires a comprehensive exam over the area of concentration.

Five testing times have been established for comprehensive exams. They are:

  1. January (one week prior to first day of second semester)
  2. Week following spring vacation
  3. On Assessment Day (usually in early April each year)
  4. August (one week prior to first day of first semester)
  5. Week following fall break of Thanksgiving break

        The comprehensive exam must be taken no less than one month prior to the month of anticipated graduation.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
In addition to general regulations governing graduation, Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies (MAPS) graduates must meet the following requirements:

  1. Must complete 36 semester hours and have a cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in M.A. work.
  2. A minimum of 30 semester hours must be completed through Liberty University, not to include credits from a prior degree earned through Liberty.
  3. A maximum of six (6) hours of transfer credit, including credit from a degree on the same academic level previously earned through Liberty, may be applied to the degree.
  4. No more than two (2) grades of C may be applied to the degree (includes grades of C+ & C-).
  5. No grade of D may be applied to the degree (includes grades of D+ & D-).
  6. For information regarding the repeat policy, please refer to “Course Repeat Policy” in the Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.
  7. Proficiency in one foreign language for research.
  8. Must pass a major comprehensive exam over the area of concentration.
  9. Must successfully complete a thesis in the area of concentration which demonstrates research ability with a minimum grade of B (includes grades of B+ & B-).
  10. Degree must be completed within five years.
  11. All Resident students are required to enroll in and pass GRST 500 in their first semester.
  12. Submit a Graduation Application to the Registrar’s Office at the beginning of the final semester.

PROGRAM OF STUDY
A program of study in the Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies may be constructed by the student in consultation with the appropriate Program Director and the approval of the Academic Dean. The program of study must be developed before the student matriculates, but modifications may be made afterward with the approval of the Program Director. The program of study may be focused entirely on one cognate area or may be a program that integrates different areas.  There are two cognates: Philosophy or Christian Thought.  Christian Thought in this context is usually taken to mean Christian Apologetics, but for those needing a core of courses in other related fields (such as biblical studies, church history, and/or theology), contact the Program Director.



Highlighted text indicates a change from the official version of the catalog.