Undergraduate Catalog 2016-2017 [Archived Catalog]

College of Arts & Sciences

Administration

Roger Schultz, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Dean, College of Arts & Sciences
Professor of History

Carey Roberts, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences
Professor of History


Faculty

The faculty roster, which can be sorted by department and faculty type, is available at http://www.liberty.edu/index.cfm?action=faculty&PID=19959&CatID=26.


PURPOSE
The purpose of the College of Arts & Sciences is to develop Christ-centered lifelong learners who think critically, live morally, and act skillfully to make contributions in their workplaces, communities, and around the world. They will be equipped with the essential knowledge, values, and skills in disciplines focused on philosophical, cultural, and scientific achievements.  Graduates from the College of Arts & Sciences will be able to apply, communicate, and expand the knowledge they have gained as they seek to glorify God in fulfilling the Great Commission.

Departments of the College include English, Family & Consumer Sciences, History, Mathematics, Modern Languages, and Philosophy.  The College offers learning opportunities in American Sign Language, family and consumer sciences, fashion merchandising, child development, interior design, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language, geography, history, humanities, linguistics, mathematics, military science, philosophy, physical science, physics, and social sciences.

TEACHER LICENSURE
Liberty University offers teacher licensure programs which are approved by the State of Virginia Department of Education. Among the options available to students through the College of Arts & Sciences are courses of study leading to licensure in English, family and consumer sciences, history/social science, mathematics, Spanish, and Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language.

Those who enter the teacher licensure program must complete the academic major, be subject to the same general education requirements as all other students, and complete academic and practicum experiences related to professional teacher training. 

Those wishing to pursue teacher-related programs should seek information from the Teacher Licensure Office in the School of Education. Licensure information is also available at www.liberty.edu/uguide

DEGREE COMPLETION PLANS (DCP)      
Degree Completion Plans for degree programs offered by the College of Arts & Sciences can be found online at: http://www.liberty.edu/dcps.


Air Force – ROTC

PURPOSE
The Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) offered to Liberty University students through the University of Virginia affords students the opportunity to receive United States Air Force officer training while completing undergraduate studies. AFROTC is the largest of three programs available through the Air Force to earn a commission and serve as an officer in the United States Air Force.

AFROTC offers commissioning opportunities for undergraduate students. The 4-year program is designed for students who join during their first year of college. Students take all four years of Air Science classes and attend a 4-week summer field training encampment at an Air Force Base between their second and third years.

Students may also enroll in AFROTC during their second year of college. Those seeking to complete the program in three years will dual enroll in both the AIRS 100 and AIRS 200 courses during their second year of college and must email AFROTC at afrotc@virginia.edu to apply. Students will then attend a 4-week summer field training encampment between their second and third years. 

Unless the student earns an AFROTC scholarship, there is no service obligation in the first two years of the 4-year program. However, all students who enter into the Professional Officer Course (the last two years) enter into a contractual obligation with the Air Force to serve on active duty upon commissioning.

After graduation and commissioning as second lieutenants in the Air Force, graduates serve in any number of career fields for a 4-year active duty service commitment. Interested and qualified students may compete to become Air Force pilots or combat systems officers. Successful pilot and combat systems officer candidates serve ten and six year active duty service commitments, respectively.  Active duty may be delayed after graduation for those who wish to immediately pursue a graduate degree.

SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
Merit-based financial scholarships may be offered to highly academically competitive and qualified students already enrolled in the program. Qualified students may be offered an AFROTC scholarship for full or partial college tuition, incidental fees, textbook allowances, and a monthly subsistence allowance of at least $300.  Scholarship students incur a military obligation.

CONTACT INFORMATION
AFROTC Detachment 890; University of Virginia; P.O. Box 400188; Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4188.

Phone number: (434) 924-6831
Fax number: (434) 982-2842
Email: afrotc@virginia.edu
Website: http://www.virginia.edu/afrotc


Program of Study

Air Force R.O.T.C. (16 hrs)
AIRS A Leadership Laboratory 0*
AIRS 110 The Foundations of the United States Air Force I 1
AIRS 120 The Foundations of the United States Air Force II 1
AIRS 210 The Evolution of Air and Space Power I 1
AIRS 220 The Evolution of Air and Space Power II 1
AIRS 310 Concepts of Air Force Leadership and Management I 3
AIRS 320 Concepts of Air Force Leadership and Management II 3
AIRS 410 National Security Affairs I 3
AIRS 420 National Security Affairs II 3
* Required with every AIRS course

Army – ROTC

PURPOSE
The Army Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) offers a general military science curriculum that prepares eligible men and women to compete for a commission as an officer in the United States Army.

SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
Merit based financial incentives are offered to qualified students through two, three, and four-year scholarships (full tuition fees), a book allowance of $1,200 annually, and a monthly stipend of up to $500 per month. Scholarship students incur a military obligation.

INTERNSHIP
Internships are available during the summer of the sophomore year for qualified students that did not participate in ROTC during their freshmen and sophomore years.  Participants are provided transportation, food, lodging, uniforms, and are paid during the 28-day camp. Students that successfully complete the internship are eligible to compete for a two-year scholarship.

CONTACT INFORMATION
Army ROTC; Liberty University; 1971 University Blvd.; Green Hall, Room 2601; Lynchburg, VA 24502. Toll-free phone number: 1-888-LU-AROTC. Email: arotc@liberty.edu.


Program of Study

Army R.O.T.C. (20 hrs)
MISC 001 Leadership Applications 8
MISC 101 Fundamental Concepts 1
MISC 102 Basic Leadership 1
MISC 201 Advanced Leadership 1
MISC 202 Tactics and Officership 1
MISC 301 Small Unit Leadership 2
MISC 302 Small Unit Operations 2
MISC 401 Leadership, Management, and Ethics 2
MISC 402 Transition to Lieutenant 2

Military Leadership Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Develop and implement principles in agreement with US Army leadership doctrine.
  2. Employ Army technical and tactical skills in small unit operations to formulate solutions to complex problems.
Military Leadership Minor (23 hrs)
HIUS 380 Modern American Military History 3
MISC 001 Leadership Applications 8
MISC 101 Fundamental Concepts 1
MISC 102 Basic Leadership 1
MISC 201 Advanced Leadership 1
MISC 202 Tactics and Officership 1
MISC 301 Small Unit Leadership 2
MISC 302 Small Unit Operations 2
MISC 401 Leadership, Management, and Ethics 2
MISC 402 Transition to Lieutenant 2
Note: Available for students accepted into the Army ROTC program.

Center for Creation Studies

David A. DeWitt, B.S., Ph.D., Director
Professor of Biology

The Center for Creation Studies is an interdisciplinary education and research institute committed to the study of the origin of the universe, the earth, life, and species. This study draws upon knowledge from religion, science, philosophy, and history.

The primary educational activity of the Center is the presentation of CRST 290, History of Life. This course is required of all Liberty students and is designed to provide a thorough understanding of the creation-evolution controversy.

Exhibits, currently located in the Science Hall, teach concepts of the creation model, describe creationist research, and glorify the Creator of earth and life.

PURPOSE
The purpose of the Center for Creation Studies is to promote the development of a consistent biblical view of origins in our students. The Center seeks to equip students to defend their faith in the creation account in Genesis using science, reason, and the Scriptures. The minor in Creation Studies provides a flexible program with a broad training in scientific disciplines that relate to origins as well as the Bible.  Students in science or non-science majors can benefit from the in depth study of creation and evolution.


Creation Studies Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze the data relating to the issues of creation and evolution.
  2. Provide scientific and biblical arguments that support a literal interpretation of the biblical account of world history.
Creation Studies Minor (19-20 hrs)
BIBL 410 Genesis 3
CRST 290 History of Life 2
CRST 390 Origins 3
Select three of the following groups: 11-12
BIOL 321 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates 4
BIOL 371 Vertebrate Paleontology 3
BIOL 415 Cell Biology 4
PHSC 210 Elements of Earth Science 3
AND
PHSC 211 Elements of Earth Science Lab 1
OR
ENVR 220 Physical Geology 3
AND
ENVR 221 Physical Geology Laboratory 1
PHSC 310 Astronomy: An Integrated Approach 4
OR
PHSC 121 Introduction to Astronomy 3
AND
PHSC 122 Elements of Astronomy Lab 1
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology 3*
AND
BIOL 104 Principles of Human Biology Laboratory 1*
OR
BIOL 225 General Biology II 4*
OR
BIOL 213 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3*
AND
BIOL 214 Human Anatomy and Physiology I Lab 1*
AND
BIOL 215 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 3*
AND
BIOL 216 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Lab 1*
*Only one of these courses will count toward the minor. If BIOL 213/214/215/216 is selected, students must take all courses but only 4 credits count toward the minor.

Department of English

Dr. Yaw Adu-Gyamfi, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of English
Professor of English

PURPOSE
The English Department provides instruction in the theory and practice of writing and in the interpretation, analysis and criticism of literature, in order to prepare students for careers and for graduate study in language arts, language arts education, and literature, all contributing to a lifelong appreciation for written texts and their contexts within a Christian worldview.


Honor Societies

SIGMA TAU DELTA ENGLISH HONOR SOCIETY
Purpose

  1. To confer distinction for high achievement in the English language and in literature.
  2. To provide cultural stimulation and promote interest in literature and the English language in the community.
  3. To foster the discipline of English in all its aspects, including creative and critical writing.
  4. To promote good citizenship among its members.
  5. To exhibit high standards of academic excellence.
  6. To uphold the spiritual standards of the University.

Requirements

  1. Twelve hours of English;
  2. At least a B in every English course;
  3. GPA of 3.25.


Career Opportunities

Business Second-language Instruction
Civil Services Sign Language Interpreter
Graduate school Teaching
Ministry Translation
Law Writing
Professions  

English Major (B.A.)

PURPOSE 
Liberty University’s English program provides instruction in the theory and practice of writing and in the analysis and criticism of literature in order to prepare students for careers and for graduate study in language arts and language arts education, and for a life of growing appreciation for the language arts. Toward this end, the program seeks 1) to develop the necessary curricular offerings and practical opportunities for student achievement in the areas of literary criticism; syntactical, rhetorical, critical and creative features of writing; and a well-developed understanding of the Christian worldview; 2) to develop strategies for providing students with both curricular and practical opportunities which make the most efficient and effective use of the department’s academic, physical, and budgetary resources; and 3) to provide graduates with the highest quality of professional preparation and, for teacher candidates, to meet licensure requirements.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Interpret and evaluate literary and critical texts in the context of a Christian worldview.
  2. Formulate and express original ideas based on critical analysis of texts.
  3. Analyze relationships between texts and literary and cultural history.
  4. Write according to the complex demands of grammar and mechanics, purpose, audience, and discursive style.
  5. Research and write in the style appropriate to the field of English.

Programs of Study

English Major (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language Requirements (12 hrs) [Must be one language]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Major Courses (42 hrs)
ENGL 301 Literary History: Ancient 3
ENGL 302 Literary History: Modern 3
ENGL 322 Shakespeare 3
ENGL 333 Modern Grammar 3
ENGL 364 History of the English Language 3
ENGL 433 Literary Criticism 3
ENGL 491 Senior Capstone 3
ENGL Elective (300-400 level) 6
Period - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 304 Period
ENGL 413 Period
Genre - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 305 Genre
ENGL 414 Genre
Diversity - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 306 Diversity
ENGL 415 Diversity: Advanced World Literature
Writing - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 307 Expository Writing
ENGL 416 Writing
Author - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 308 Author
ENGL 412 Author
Directed Courses (Required) (0-6 hrs)*
ENGL 102 Composition and Literature 3
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3
Free Electives (0-10 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 122 hours minimum required; at least 42 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.
English Major (B.A.) Teacher Licensure Requirements Endorsement: English (6-12)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language Requirements (12 hrs) [Must be one language]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (39 hrs)
ENGL 301 Literary History: Ancient 3
ENGL 302 Literary History: Modern 3
ENGL 322 Shakespeare 3
ENGL 333 Modern Grammar 3
ENGL 364 History of the English Language 3
ENGL 433 Literary Criticism 3
ENGL Elective (300-400 level) 6
Period - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 304 Period
ENGL 413 Period
Genre - Choose one of the following courses:
ENGL 305 Genre
ENGL 414 Genre
Diversity - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 306 Diversity
ENGL 415 Diversity: Advanced World Literature
Writing - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 307 Expository Writing
ENGL 416 Writing
Author - Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 308 Author
ENGL 412 Author
Directed Courses (required) (3-12 hrs)
COMS 101 Speech Communication 3
ENGL 102 Composition and Literature 3*
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3
Teacher Licensure Requirements (31 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
EDUC 425 Content Measurement and Evaluation 3
EDUC 435 Content Curriculum Fundamentals 2
EDUC 436 Content Curriculum Fundamentals Practicum 1
EDUC 419 Content Teaching Methods 2
EDUC 420 Content Teaching Methods Practicum 1
Professional Semester
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
TOTAL HOURS: 143 hours minimum required; at least 62 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

English Minor

English Minor (15 hrs)
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 307 Expository Writing
ENGL 416 Writing
ENGL 433 Literary Criticism
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 333 Modern Grammar
ENGL 364 History of the English Language
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 304 Period
ENGL 413 Period
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 305 Genre
ENGL 414 Genre
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 308 Author
ENGL 322 Shakespeare
ENGL 412 Author

Department of Family & Consumer Sciences

Dr. Debbie Benoit, B.S., M.A., M.A.T.S, D.Min.
Chair, Department of Family & Consumer Sciences
Assistant Professor of Family & Consumer Sciences

PURPOSE
The purpose of the Family & Consumer Sciences Department is to prepare the student to acquire the values, knowledge, and skills necessary to be proactive to strengthen the function of the contemporary family from a biblical perspective, specifically in the areas of human development /family studies, interior design/housing, food/ nutrition, consumer economics/management, and clothing/ textiles. The Department actively strives to help the student integrate the knowledge base to synergistically focus on the welfare of the family. 

INTERNSHIPS
Advisor: Matalie Howard, B.S., M.S.

Internships (FACS 499) are required for all FACS majors.  Students must be of Senior status, FACS major and must have completed 21 hours of major course work.

FACS ASSOCIATION
Advisor: Matalie Howard, B.S., M.S.
The Family & Consumer Sciences (FACS) Association is a pre-professional student organization the purpose of which is to promote student involvement in the profession throughout the University and the community.  The FACS Association offers students opportunities for leadership, friendship, ministry, and career exploration. Officers are elected each spring for the following academic year. The FACS Club sponsors University activities, community projects, club meetings with special speakers, support for all FACS majors and is an exciting springboard for professional involvement.

INTERIOR DESIGN ASSOCIATION
Advisor: Ruth Gomes, B.S., M.S.
The purpose of the Interior Design Association (IDA) is to offer interior design students professional opportunities and exposure within the interior design industry. The Interior Design Association also considers its responsibility to be a promoter and a resource of other interior design organizations such as National Kitchen and Bath, Interior Design Society, WithIT (Woman in the Furniture Industry) and many other professional organizations. Also, the student led organization promotes involvement in the profession throughout the University and community. The IDA offers students opportunities for leadership, friendship, professional experience, and exposure to the interior design industry which includes field trips to places such as the High Point Market in High Point, NC.

OMICRON GAMMA PHI HONOR SOCIETY
Advisor: Debbie Benoit, B.S., M.A., M.A.T.S., D.Min.

FACS Honor Society: The Family and Consumer Sciences Department sponsors a FACS honor society that seeks to recognize excellence and Christian commitment among Family and Consumer Science students.

The purpose of the society is symbolized in its name, OMICRON GAMMA PHI. Omicron represents the first letter in the Greek word for family. Gamma is the first letter in the word for science. Phi is the first letter in the word for light. Omicron Gamma signifies that Family and Consumer Sciences is an applied science. The Phi signifies the Christian aspect of the Honor Society. 

The purpose of the society is threefold. First, Omicron Gamma Phi encourages and recognizes excellence in scholastic achievement. Second, it seeks to maintain a Christian worldview through the integration of biblical principles with academic content. Third, the society encourages service by the membership.

Criteria for membership:
A student must have:

  1. 3.25 cumulative GPA;
  2. 45 hours completed; and
  3. A major in the FACS department.

EVENT AND WEDDING PLANNING SOCIETY
The purpose of the Event and Wedding Planning Society is to enhance the education and careers of students interested in the Event and Wedding Planning field by providing an introduction of careers and opportunities to cultivate professional attitudes and competencies.  Furthermore, the Liberty University Event and Wedding Planning Society will provide opportunities for service.

CULINARY CLUB
The Culinary Club works in cooperation with the Family and Consumer Sciences Department to provide students of all majors the opportunity to develop professional attitudes and competencies related to culinary arts and to enlighten knowledge of the Scripture while building these skills.   The Culinary Club provides opportunity for leadership development and encourages cultural awareness by providing experiences to cook alongside students of many cultures including international students.  The club’s focus is to improve culinary skills while growing in relationship with each other and the Lord. Membership is open to all campus students


Career Opportunities

Clothing/Textiles
Designer or Assistant Designer Manufacturer Representative
Fashion Coordinator/Buyer            Owner of an Alterations and Sewing Service
Manager of Apparel Store  
Consumer Economics/Management
Consumer Education Consultant Manufacturer's Representative in Industry        
Free-Lance Journalist Research Specialist
Public Relations Specialist                    
Human Development/Family
Commission of Aging Worker/Director Social Service Worker: City, State, Federal
Elder/Child Day Care Administrator Youth Services Administrator: Substance Abuse
Social Service Worker; City, State, Federal Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher:
Middle School, High School
Early Childhood Educator Child Life Specialist/Family Life Educator
Youth Services Administrator  
Interior Design/Housing
Housing Analyst or Consultant Real Estate Property Manager/Sales Associate
Product/Sales Representative           Staging
Residential Interior Designer  

Family and Child Development Major (B.S.)

PURPOSE
The Family and Child Development program seeks to prepare students to become early childhood educators and family-related professionals who support the God-given potential of families and children.  A study of human growth and development within the context of family and community provides a framework for an understanding of how people grow, learn and form relationships through the lifespan.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Create a portfolio that demonstrates the knowledge and skills applicable to professions pertaining to Family and Child Development.
  2. Successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  3. Apply successful techniques that address the demands and changing relationships of children and families through the developmental stages and cycles of family life.

Program of Study

Family and Child Development Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (42 hrs)
FACS 204 Introduction to Family and Child Development 3
FACS 205 Development of Contemporary Families 3
FACS 260 Early Childhood Education 3
FACS 350 Family Economic Decisions 3
FACS 361 Therapy and Theory of Play in Early Childhood 3
FACS 365 Administration of Family and Child Life Programs 3
FACS 370 Parenting 3
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family 3
FACS 470 Internal Dynamics of Families 3
FACS 475 Families Under Stress 3
FACS 499 Family/Consumer Internship 3
Choose three of the following courses: 9
EDUC 215 Wellness in the Early Childhood Setting (D)
ENGL 310 Children’s Literature
FACS 380 Program Planning and Evaluation
PSYC 221 Psychology of Childhood
PSYC 231 Psychology of Adolescence
PSYC 305 Overview of Theory and Treatment of Substance Abuse
PSYC 309 Healthy Sexuality (D)
PSYC 336 Gerontology
SOCI 201 Social Problems
SOWK 101 Introduction to Social Work
Directed Courses (Required) (13-19 hrs)
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology 3*
BIOL 104 Principles of Human Biology Laboratory 1
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
PSYC 255 Introduction to Research 3
PSYC 317 Crisis Intervention 3
PSYC 345 Exceptional Child 3
PSYC 361 Marriage and Family 3
Free Electives (0-7 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 30 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Family and Consumer Sciences Major (B.S.)

PURPOSE
The Family and Consumer Sciences (FACS) program seeks to strengthen the individual, institution of family and communities through the dissemination of biblical knowledge and the education of professionals.  This program includes family and child development, clothing, interiors, consumer economics, and foods.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Create a professional portfolio in Family and Consumer Sciences and Teacher Licensure that reflects application of identified concepts in foods, clothing, and family and child development.
  2. Successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  3. Apply multi-faceted professional skills to hypothesized or real-life situations.

Program of Study

Family and Consumer Sciences Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (36 hrs)
FACS 103 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1
FACS 130 Introduction to Hospitality, Foods, and Food Safety 3
FACS 205 Development of Contemporary Families 3
FACS 330 Human Nutrition 3
FACS 350 Family Economic Decisions 3
FACS 380 Program Planning and Evaluation 3
FACS 403 Professional Development 2
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family 3
FACS 499 Family/Consumer Internship 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
FACS 221 Design and Construction I for Interiors
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel
FACS Elective (100-400 level) 3
FACS Elective (300-400 level) 6
Directed Courses (Required) (1-10 hrs)
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
Natural Science Elective 1 1
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ECON 110 Survey of Economics *
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics
Free Electives (9-25 hrs)  2
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 32 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Choose from: BIOL 103, 104, ENVR 221, PHSC 122, 211, or PHYS 103

May need 6 hours of 300-400 level electives to fulfill upper-level requirement


Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Licensure (B.S.)

PURPOSE
The NCATE approved Family and Consumer Sciences Teacher Licensure program seeks to prepare Christ-centered worldview teachers with a broad-spectrum of content knowledge and instructional skills recognized by the Virginia Department of Education Standards of Learning.  This program includes family and child development, clothing, interiors, consumer economics, and foods.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Create a professional portfolio in Family and Consumer Sciences and Teacher Licensure that reflects application of identified concepts in foods, clothing, and family and child development.
  2. Successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  3. Apply the multi-faceted professionally recognized competencies as articulated by the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education.

Teacher preparation and endorsement in Family and Consumer Sciences is available through the Department. Those wishing to pursue teacher-related programs should seek information from the Teacher Licensure Office in the School of Education. Licensure information is also available at www.liberty.edu/uguide.


Program of Study

Family and Consumer Sciences Major (B.S.) Teacher Licensure Requirements
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (33 hrs)
FACS 103 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1
FACS 130 Introduction to Hospitality, Foods, and Food Safety 3
FACS 205 Development of Contemporary Families 3
FACS 240 Concepts in Interior Design 3
FACS 330 Human Nutrition 3
FACS 350 Family Economic Decisions 3
FACS 370 Parenting 3
FACS 380 Program Planning and Evaluation 3
FACS 403 Professional Development 2
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family 3
FACS 475 Families Under Stress 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
FACS 221 Design and Construction I for Interiors
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel
Directed Courses (Required) (1-10 hrs)
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
Natural Science Elective 1 1
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ECON 110 Survey of Economics *
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics
Teacher Licensure Requirements (25 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
FACS 480 Teaching Family and Consumer Sciences 2
FACS 481 Teaching Family and Consumer Sciences Practicum 1
Professional Semester
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
Free Electives (0-3 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 39 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Choose from: BIOL 103, 104, ENVR 221, PHSC 122, 211, or PHYS 103


Fashion and Interiors Major (B.S.)

Fashion Merchandising Concentration

PURPOSE
The Fashion Merchandising concentration seeks to prepare Christ-centered professionals for the fashion apparel industry in product development, management, merchandising, and distribution.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES

  1. The student will be able to successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  2. The student will be able to create a professional portfolio in fashion merchandising that reflects experiential skills involved in the design, production, and distribution of apparel and their accessories.
  3. The student will be able to use core fashion merchandising concepts and strategies to determine effective solutions to hypothetical and/or real life situations.

Program of Study

Fashion and Interiors Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (15 hrs)
FACS 103 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1
FACS 320 Textiles: Fibers and Fabrics 3
FACS 350 Family Economic Decisions 3
FACS 403 Professional Development 2
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family 3
FACS 499 Family/Consumer Internship 3
Concentration Courses (24 hrs)
Select from the following concentrations: Fashion Design; Fashion Merchandising; or Interior Design.
Directed Courses (Required) (19-31 hrs)*
Free Electives (0-6 hrs)
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.
Fashion and Interiors Major (B.S.) Fashion Merchandising Concentration
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (15 hrs)
Concentration Courses (24 hrs)
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel 3
FACS 225 Introduction to the Fashion Industry 3
FACS 324 Specialty Fashion Markets 3
FACS 325 Psycho-Social Aspects of Clothing 3
FACS 351 Event Management 3
FACS 353 Retail Merchandising for Apparel 3
FACS 423 Fashion Promotion and Visual Merchandising 3
FACS Elective (100-400 level) 1 3
Directed Courses (Required) (19-31 hrs)
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting 3
ARTS 211 Drawing I 3
BUSI 301 Business Law 3
BUSI 310 Principles of Management 3
BUSI 472 Organizational Ethics 3
CHEM 105 Elements of General Chemistry 4
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics 3*
MATH 115 Mathematics for Liberal Arts 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
Choose one of the following courses: 3
BUSI 303 International Business
BUSI 330 Principles of Marketing
Free Electives (0-6 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 122 hours minimum required; at least 41 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Any FACS course not already required can apply towards the Elective.


Interior Design Concentration

PURPOSE
The Interior Design concentration at Liberty University seeks to prepare Christ-centered professionals with skills to design innovative, functional, and environmentally responsible interior environments.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES

  1. The student will be able to successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  2. The student will be able to create a professional portfolio in residential interior design that reflects the sequence from ideation to formal presentation.
  3. The student will be able to produce work that successfully applies professionally recognized aesthetic requirements in interior design.
  4. The student will be able to apply workable solutions to functional problems in the creation of residential interior spaces

Program of Study

Fashion and Interiors Major (B.S.) Interior Design Concentration
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (15 hrs)
Concentration Courses (24 hrs)
FACS 221 Design and Construction I for Interiors 3
FACS 240 Concepts in Interior Design 3
FACS 243 CAD I: Computer Aided Design for Interiors 3
FACS 245 Decorative Arts for the Interiors 3
FACS 340 Housing: Consumer and Community 3
FACS 345 Materials and Specifications 3
FACS 445 History of Interiors 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
FACS 113 Introduction to Design
FACS 497 Special Topics in Family and Consumer Sciences
Directed Courses (Required) (19-28 hrs)
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting 3
ARTS 211 Drawing I 3
BIOL 102 Principles of Human Biology 3*
BUSI 301 Business Law 3
BUSI 310 Principles of Management 3
BUSI 472 Organizational Ethics 3
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
Natural Science Elective 1 1*
Choose one of the following courses: 3
BUSI 303 International Business
BUSI 330 Principles of Marketing
Free Electives (0-4 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 35 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Choose from: BIOL 103, 104, ENVR 221, PHSC 122, 221 or PHYS 103


Fashion Design Concentration

PURPOSE
The Fashion Design concentration seeks to prepare professionals for the fashion apparel industry with a focus on unique individual designs in an educational setting that finds its basis in biblical values.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Successfully complete an internship that applies acquired skills, practices positive employment relationships, and articulates Christian worldview in professional situations.
  2. Create a professional portfolio in fashion design that reflects skills in designing and constructing fashion apparel that appropriately connects fabrics to creative designs.
  3. Apply marketing and design skills that address the functional and decorative aspects of identified fashion markets.

Program of Study

Fashion and Interiors Major (B.S.) Fashion Design Concentration
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (15 hrs)
Concentration Courses (24 hrs)
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel 3
FACS 225 Introduction to the Fashion Industry 3
FACS 322 Design and Construction II for Apparel 3
FACS 329 Fashion and Textile Design with Computers 3
FACS 420 Apparel Illustration and Design 3
FACS 422 Draping for Apparel Design 3
FACS 429 History of Costume 3
FACS Elective (100-400 level) 3
Directed Courses (Required) (19-28 hrs)
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting 3
ARTS 211 Drawing I 3
BUSI 301 Business Law 3
BUSI 310 Principles of Management 3
BUSI 472 Organizational Ethics 3
CHEM 105 Elements of General Chemistry 4
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3*
Choose one of the following courses: 3
BUSI 303 International Business
BUSI 330 Principles of Marketing
Free Electives (0-6 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 122 hours minimum required; at least 41 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Family and Consumer Sciences Minors

Family and Consumer Sciences Minor: Clothing and Textiles (15 hrs)
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel 3
FACS 225 Introduction to the Fashion Industry 3
FACS 320 Textiles: Fibers and Fabrics 3
Choose two of the following courses: 6
FACS 322 Design and Construction II for Apparel
FACS 325 Psycho-Social Aspects of Clothing
FACS 423 Fashion Promotion and Visual Merchandising
FACS 429 History of Costume
Family and Consumer Sciences Minor: Family and Child Development (15 hrs)
FACS 205 Development of Contemporary Families 3
FACS 370 Parenting 3
FACS 475 Families Under Stress 3
Choose two of the following courses: 6
FACS 260 Early Childhood Education
FACS 361 Therapy and Theory of Play in Early Childhood
FACS 365 Administration of Family and Child Life Programs
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family
FACS 470 Internal Dynamics of Families
Family and Consumer Sciences Minor: General (16 hrs)
FACS 103 Introduction to Family and Consumer Sciences 1
FACS 130 Introduction to Hospitality, Foods, and Food Safety 3
FACS 205 Development of Contemporary Families 3
FACS 340 Housing: Consumer and Community 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
FACS 221 Design and Construction I for Interiors
FACS 222 Design and Construction I for Apparel
Choose one of the following courses: 3
FACS 225 Introduction to the Fashion Industry
FACS 230 Food Science and Management
FACS 325 Psycho-Social Aspects of Clothing
FACS 350 Family Economic Decisions
FACS 455 Balancing Work and Family

Department of History

Samuel C. Smith, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of History
Director, Graduate Program History
Professor of History

PURPOSE
The History Department is committed to teaching and training students toward a Christian worldview of history. Offering general education courses, major programs and graduate courses, the Department provides comprehensive instruction in history and historical methodology, encourages students to develop an integrated Christian worldview and an appreciation for America’s cultural distinctives, equips them for service, and prepares them for further education and careers.

PHI ALPHA THETA HONOR SOCIETY
Advisor: Dr. David Snead
Phi Alpha Theta is dedicated to recognizing and encouraging excellence in the study of history. Chapter activities provide members with opportunities for sharing and advancing their professional interests. Lectures and field trips are designed to awaken historical interest, and to promote interaction between students and faculty. An annual regional meeting builds rapport with chapters at neighboring institutions.

Criteria for membership: An undergraduate student must have completed at least twelve semester hours in history with a grade in all history courses averaging at least a 3.10 and must have a general average of at least a 3.00 in all classes.


Career Opportunities

Archaeologist Market Researcher
Architectural Historian Museum Curatorship
Archival Management Oral Historian
Bibliographer Manager of Historical Societies
Data Processor for Investment Firms
Public Policy Director
Diplomat Records and Information Manager
Genealogist Research Assistant
Historian for Government Agencies Research/Reference Librarian
Historian for Business Corporations Researcher/Writer for Historical Films
Historical Editor Researcher/Writer for Media
Historical Preservationist Social Scientist
Information Consultant Teacher
Lawyer  

History Major (B.A. and B.S.)

PURPOSE 
The purpose of the History major is to provide students with a breadth of understanding of U.S., European, and World History.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate mastery of a breadth of general knowledge of the field of history.
  2. Apply biblical principles to the problems and issues of history.
  3. Research historical topics and critically analyze historical literature, documents and data with historiographical and interpretative sophistication.
  4. Convey and analyze ideas in writing.
  5. Evaluate the significance of world societies and cultures.

Programs of Study

History Major (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language Requirements (12 hrs) [Must be one language]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (12 hrs) 1
HIST 300 Historical Methodology 3
HIST 491 Senior Capstone Seminar 3
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I 3
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II 3
Concentration Courses (27 hrs)
Early Europe Elective 2 3
Modern Europe Elective 3 3
Early American Elective 4 3
Modern American Elective 5 3
World History Elective 6 3
HIEU/HIST/HIUS/HIWD Electives (300-400 level) 7 9
HIST 490 Senior Research Seminar 3
Directed Courses (Required) (9 hrs)
GEOG 200 Introduction to Geography 3
Choose two of the following courses: 6
BUSI 303 International Business
ECON 110 Survey of Economics
ECON 213 Principles of Microeconomics
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics
GEOG 320 Regional Studies in Geography
GOVT 220 American Government
Free Electives (0-2 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 42 hours must be 300-400 level.

HIST 490; HIEU/HIWD/HIUS 495 or 497 may apply to clusters with Department Approval.

Early Europe- Choose one of the following courses: HIEU 321, 322 or 360.

Modern Europe- Choose one of the following: HIEU 370, 380, 390, 425, 450, 455, 460, 466 or 485.

Early American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 310, 312, 314, 316, 341, 360, 390, 395 or 420. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

Modern American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 340, 351, 360, 380, 390, 396, 430, 442, 452 or 470. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

World History- Choose one of the following courses: HIWD 320, 341, 350, 370, 371, 372, 375 or 460.

Choose two HIEU/HIST/HIUS/HIWD 300-400 level courses that are not already Degree requirements.

History Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (12 hrs)
HIST 300 Historical Methodology 3
HIST 491 Senior Capstone Seminar 3
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I 3
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II 3
Concentration Courses (27 hrs) 1
Early Europe Elective 2 3
Modern Europe Elective 3 3
Early American Elective 4 3
Modern American Elective 5 3
World History Elective 6 3
HIEU/HIUS/HIWD Elective (300-400 level) 7 12
Directed Courses (Required) (6-9 hrs)
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3
Choose two of the following courses: 6
ECON 110 Survey of Economics *
ECON 213 Principles of Microeconomics *
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics *
GOVT 220 American Government *
GEOG 320 Regional Studies in Geography
Free Electives (7-17 hrs) [9 hrs must be upper level]
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; 42 hours must be 300-400 level.
* These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

HIST 490; HIEU/HIUS/HIWD 495 or 497 may apply to clusters with Department Approval.

Early Europe- Choose one of the following courses: HIEU 321, 322 or 360.

Modern Europe- Choose one of the following courses: HIEU 370, 380, 390, 425, 450, 455, 460, 466 or 485.

Early American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 310, 312, 314, 316, 341, 360, 390, 395 or 420. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

Modern American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 340, 351, 360, 380, 390, 396, 430, 442, 452 or 470. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

World History- Choose one of the following courses: HIWD 320, 341, 350, 370, 371, 372, 375 or 460.

Choose four HIEU/HIUS/HIWD 300-400 level courses that are not already Degree Requirements.


Social Sciences Major (B.S.)

PURPOSE
The Social Sciences major is designed to have a core in history with additional coursework in geography, government, and economics.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Evaluate how various factors have influenced the development of history and civilization.
  2. Apply biblical principles to the problems and issues of history.
  3. Demonstrate mastery of a breadth of general knowledge of the field of history.
  4. Convey and analyze ideas in writing.
  5. Evaluate the significance of world societies and cultures.

TEACHER LICENSURE
Teacher preparation and endorsement in social studies is available through the Department of History in cooperation with the Teacher Education Department. Those wishing to pursue teaching-related programs should seek information from the Teacher Licensure Office in the School of Education. Licensure information is also available at http://www.liberty.edu/uguide. All teacher licensure programs have been approved by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).


Programs of Study

Social Sciences Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (45 hrs)
History Requirements (15 hrs)
HIST 300 Historical Methodology 3
HIST 491 Senior Capstone Seminar 3
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I 3
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II 3
HIWD 370 Comparative Civilization 3
History Cluster Courses (15 hrs) 1
Early Europe Elective 2 3
Modern Europe Elective 3 3
Early American Elective 4 3
Modern American Elective 5 3
World History Elective 6 3
Social Sciences Requirements (15 hrs)
ECON 213 Principles of Microeconomics 3
GEOG 200 Introduction to Geography 3
GOVT 220 American Government 3
GEOG Elective (300-400 level) 3
GOVT Elective (300-400 level) 3
Directed Courses (Required) (0-9 hrs)*
GOVT 200 Constitutional Government and Free Enterprise 3
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3
Free Electives (1-17 hrs) [9 hrs must be upper level]
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 39 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

HIST 490; HIEU/HIWD/HIUS 495 or 497 may apply to clusters with Department Approval.

Early Europe- Choose one of the following courses: HIEU 321, 322 or 360

Modern Europe- Choose one of the following courses: HIEU 370, 380, 390, 425, 450, 455, 460, 466 or 485

Early American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 310, 312, 314, 316, 341, 360, 390, 395 or 420. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

Modern American- Choose one of the following courses: HIUS 340, 351, 360, 380, 390, 396, 430, 442, 445, 452 or 470. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

World History- Choose one of the following courses: HIWD 320, 341, 350, 370, 371, 372, 375 or 460

Social Sciences Major (B.S.) Teacher Licensure Requirements (Grades 6-12)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (42 hrs)
Core (9 hrs)
HIST 300 Historical Methodology 3
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I 3
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II 3
History Cluster Courses (15 hrs) 1
Early Europe Elective 2 3
Modern Europe Elective 3 3
Early American Elective 4 3
Modern American Elective 5 3
HIWD 370 Comparative Civilization 3
Social Sciences Requirement (15 hrs)
GOVT 220 American Government 3
GOVT Elective (300-400 level) 3
ECON 213 Principles of Microeconomics 3
GEOG 200 Introduction to Geography 3
GEOG Elective (300-400 level) 3
Directed Courses (Required) (3-12 hrs)*
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3
GOVT 200 Constitutional Government and Free Enterprise 3
Teacher Licensure Requirements (31 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
EDUC 425 Content Measurement and Evaluation 3
EDUC 435 Content Curriculum Fundamentals 2
EDUC 436 Content Curriculum Fundamentals Practicum 1
HIST 419 Secondary Social Studies Teaching Methods 2
HIST 420 Secondary Teaching Methods Practicum 1
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
TOTAL HOURS: 131 hours minimum required; at least 47 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

HIST 490; HIEU/HIWD 495 or 497 may apply to clusters with Department Approval.

Early Europe- Choose from: HIEU 321, 322, 360

Modern Europe- Choose from: HIEU 370, 380, 390, 425, 450, 455, 460, 466, 485

Early American- Choose from: HIUS 310, 312, 360, 390. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)

Modern American- Choose from: HIUS 340, 351, 360, 380, 390, 396, 420, 430, 442, 452, 470. (Note: HIUS 360 and 390 cannot be applied to more than one requirement in the major)


History Minor

History Minor (18 hrs)
Choose three of the following courses: 9
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I OR
HIUS 223 Survey of American History I On Site
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II
HIEU/HIST/HIUS /HIWD Electives (300-400 level) 9

International Studies Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Identify major civilizations from ancient times to the present, including geographical, chronological, and cultural distinctive positions.
  2. Apply Biblical principles to the understanding of world civilizations.
     
International Studies Minor (18 hrs)
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3
HIWD 370 Comparative Civilization 3
Choose three of the following courses: 9
HIEU 390 Modern Europe
HIUS 470 American Foreign Relations Since 1776
HIWD 320 History of Africa
HIWD 341 Modern Islamic Civilization
HIWD 350 East Asian Civilization
HIWD 372 Latin American Civilization: National Period
HIWD 375 Korean and Vietnam Wars

Military History Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Explain how a variety of issues including political, economic, diplomatic, and cultural factors influenced American and world military development since 1900.
  2. Apply Biblical principles in making interpretations of American and world military history.
Military History Minor (18 hrs)
HIUS 222 Survey of American History II 3
HIUS 380 Modern American Military History 3
Choose one of the following classes: 3
HIUS 221 Survey of American History I
HIUS 223 Survey of American History I On Site
Choose three of the following courses: 9
HIEU 425 The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era
HIEU 455 World War II
HIUS 312 Era of the American Revolution
HIUS 420 Civil War and Reconstruction
HIUS 470 American Foreign Relations Since 1776
HIWD 375 Korean and Vietnam Wars

Department of Mathematics

Robert B. Young, Jr., B.S., M.S.
Chair, Department of Mathematics
Associate Professor of Mathematics

Timothy Van Voorhis, B.S., M.S., Ph.D.
Associate Chair, Department of Mathematics
Associate Professor of Mathematics

PURPOSE
The Department of Mathematics plans, develops and maintains quality bachelor degree programs that comply with regional accreditation standards. The Department of Mathematics also seeks to maintain efficient, cost effective strategies in the administration and delivery of its degree programs.

The Department of Mathematics offers a major and minor in mathematics. In addition, courses for general education credit are offered in physical science and physics, as well as mathematics. The purpose of the department is to provide:

  1. General education courses and support courses for all students, resident and non-resident;
  2. Education in both the theory and applications of the mathematical sciences for its majors;
  3. An appreciation of the importance of the role the mathematical sciences play in society; and
  4. Experience in the use of a Computer Algebra System (CAS) in a laboratory setting.

KAPPA MU EPSILON HONOR SOCIETY
Advisor: Professor Robert Young
Kappa Mu Epsilon (KME) is a specialized honor society in Mathematics. Each chapter is encouraged to be a working organization throughout the academic year, functioning as an integral part of the mathematics department in the promotion of a number of worthwhile extra-curricular activities. The objective of KME since its inception has been the fulfillment of its motto which is to “develop an appreciation for the beauty of mathematics.” The purposes of KME are to further the interests of mathematics in those schools which place their primary emphasis on the undergraduate program and to recognize and honor outstanding scholastic achievement among undergraduate students in mathematics.

The criteria for membership are as follows:

  1. Must be or have been a faculty member or a regularly enrolled student at an institution where a Kappa Mu Epsilon chapter is installed;
  2. Must have completed at least three semesters (or five quarters) of the college course and rank in the upper 35% of his/her class;
  3. Must have completed at least three college courses in mathematics including at least one semester (or two quarters) of calculus and attained an average of B or better in all mathematics courses; and
  4. Must have completed at least one semester (one quarter) at the institution, or must have transferred from another institution, and have completed at least one mathematics course with a B or better at the institution prior to his/her induction into membership.

Election to membership shall be irrespective of membership in any other organization, and no person shall be excluded on the grounds of sex, race, creed, or color.


Career Opportunities

Graduate School
Mathematics Sciences (medical and non-medical)
Statistics Computer Science
Actuarial Science Finance/Economics
Applied Mathematics  
Job Market
Any industry requiring problem solving and computer use
Computer Science Operations Research
Data Processing Financial and Insurance Industries
Engineering  
Teaching
Private Schools Public Schools

Mathematics Major (B.S.)

PURPOSE
The purpose of the mathematics major is to present the basic concepts and methods in modern mathematics, to develop the student's ability to think critically using the axiomatic method, and to apply these ideas to other disciplines.  This major provides the mathematical background for students preparing for (1) certification in secondary education; (2) graduate study in a mathematical discipline; (3) a career in an area using mathematics, such as engineering, economics, statistics, or actuarial science.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Solve problems using the appropriate mathematical expertise.
  2. Use abstract reasoning to rigorously evaluate mathematical hypothesis, and formulate and communicate mathematical analysis and arguments.
  3. Critically analyze and investigate complex phenomena of the physical and/or socio-economic worlds by representing these problems mathematically.
  4. Articulate how a biblical/Christian worldview informs one’s vocation and professional practices.
  5. Use appropriate technology to solve practical problems, access mathematical information, and develop mathematical insight.

TEACHER LICENSURE
Teacher preparation and endorsements in mathematics are available through the Department of Mathematics in cooperation with the Teacher Education Department in the School of Education. Those wishing to pursue teacher-related programs should seek information from the Teacher Licensure Office in the School of Education. The School of Education is NCATE accredited for teacher education. Licensure information is also available at http://www.liberty.edu/uguide.


Programs of Study

Mathematics Major (B.S.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (41 hrs)
MATH 131 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I 4
MATH 132 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II 4
MATH 133 Calculus with Mathematica Lab 1
MATH 200 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning 3
MATH 231 Calculus and Analytical Geometry III 4
MATH 311 Probability and Statistics I 3
MATH 321 Linear Algebra 3
MATH 421 Elementary Abstract Algebra I 3
MATH 431 Real Analysis 3
MATH 450 Mathematics Capstone Seminar 1
MATH Elective (300-400 level) 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
MATH 305 Modern Geometry
MATH 332 Advanced Calculus
MATH 334 Differential Equations
Choose one of the following courses: 3
MATH 307 Introductory Number Theory
MATH 331 Complex Analysis
MATH 422 Elementary Abstract Algebra II
Choose one of the following courses: 3
MATH 301 Methods of Operations Research
MATH 302 Introduction to Experimental Design in Statistics
MATH 350 Discrete Mathematics
MATH 352 Numerical Analysis
MATH 411 Probability and Statistics II
Directed Courses (Required) (3-14 hrs)*
CSIS 110 Introduction to Computing Sciences 3
CSIS 111 Introduction to Programming 3
PHYS 231 University Physics I 4
PHYS 232 University Physics II 4
Free Electives (0-18 hrs) [may need 5 hrs upper level]
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 30 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Cognate

Mathematics Major (B.S.) Actuarial Cognate
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (29 hrs)
MATH 131 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I 4
MATH 132 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II 4
MATH 133 Calculus with Mathematica Lab 1
MATH 200 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning 3
MATH 231 Calculus and Analytical Geometry III 4
MATH 311 Probability and Statistics I 3
MATH 321 Linear Algebra 3
MATH 421 Elementary Abstract Algebra I 3
MATH 431 Real Analysis 3
MATH 450 Mathematics Capstone Seminar 1
Cognate Courses (12 hrs)
MATH 301 Methods of Operations Research 3
MATH 302 Introduction to Experimental Design in Statistics 3
MATH 334 Differential Equations 3
MATH 411 Probability and Statistics II 3
Directed Courses (Required) (37-47 hrs)
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting 3
ACCT 212 Managerial Accounting 3
BUSI 201 Intermediate Business Computer Applications 3*
BUSI 320 Corporate Finance 3
BUSI 330 Principles of Marketing 3
BUSI 405 Business and Economic Forecasting 3
BUSI 420 Investments 3
BUSI 421 Insurance Planning/Risk Management/Employee Benefits 3
CSIS 110 Introduction to Computing Sciences 3*
CSIS 208 Application Programming 3
CSIS 325 Database Management Systems 3
ECON 213 Principles of Microeconomics 3*
ECON 214 Principles of Macroeconomics 3*
PHYS 231 University Physics I 4*
PHYS 232 University Physics II 4*
TOTAL HOURS: 136 hours minimum required; at least 34 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These courses are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency requirements.
Mathematics Major (B.S.) Teacher Licensure Requirements (Grades 6 – 12)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (36-42 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (41 hrs)
MATH 131 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I 4
MATH 132 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II 4
MATH 133 Calculus with Mathematica Lab 1
MATH 200 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning 3
MATH 231 Calculus and Analytical Geometry III 4
MATH 305 Modern Geometry 3
MATH 311 Probability and Statistics I 3
MATH 321 Linear Algebra 3
MATH 400 History of Mathematics 3
MATH 421 Elementary Abstract Algebra I 3
MATH 431 Real Analysis 3
MATH 450 Mathematics Capstone Seminar 1
Choose one of the following courses: 3
MATH 307 Introductory Number Theory
MATH 331 Complex Analysis
MATH 422 Elementary Abstract Algebra II
Choose one of the following courses: 3
MATH 301 Methods of Operations Research
MATH 302 Introduction to Experimental Design in Statistics
MATH 350 Discrete Mathematics
MATH 352 Numerical Analysis
MATH 411 Probability and Statistics II
Directed Courses (Required) (3-17 hrs)*
CSIS 110 Introduction to Computing Sciences 3
CSIS 111 Introduction to Programming 3
PHYS 231 University Physics I 4
PHYS 232 University Physics II 4
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3
Teacher Licensure Requirements (31 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
EDUC 425 Content Measurement and Evaluation 3
EDUC 435 Content Curriculum Fundamentals 2
EDUC 436 Content Curriculum Fundamentals Practicum 1
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
MATH 419 Teaching Mathematics in Secondary Schools 2
MATH 420 Teaching Mathematics in Secondary Schools Practicum 1
TOTAL HOURS: 133 hours minimum required; at least 34 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

Mathematics Minor

Mathematics Minor (24-25 hrs)
MATH 131 Calculus and Analytic Geometry I 4
MATH 132 Calculus and Analytic Geometry II 4
MATH 133 Calculus with Mathematica Lab 1
MATH 200 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning 3
MATH 211 Introduction to Statistical Analysis 3
Choose one of the following groups (9-10 hrs)
MATH 221 and MATH Electives (300-400 level)* 9
MATH 231 and MATH Electives (300-400 level)* 10
MATH Electives (300-400 level)* 9
*MATH 400, History of Mathematics, can not be used to fulfill Mathematics Minor requirements.

Department of Modern Languages

Stephanie L. Blankenship, B.A., M.A.
Chair, Department of Modern Languages
Assistant Professor of Spanish

PURPOSE
With a vision for global engagement, the Department of Modern Languages provides Christian worldview instruction in the study of written, spoken, expressed language, translation and interpretive skills, endemic literature, and cultural studies related to modern languages.  The Department emphasizes the theory and practice of the applied discipline of second language acquisition, as well as linguistic analysis, in order to prepare students for future careers, ministry opportunities, and graduate study in languages, language education, and the language arts.


Honor Societies

SIGMA DELTA PI SPANISH HONOR SOCIETY
Purpose

  1. To recognize those who attain excellence in the study of the Spanish language and in the study of the literature and culture of the Spanish-speaking peoples.
  2. To honor those who have contributed to the furthering excellence in the study of the Spanish language and culture through honorary membership.
  3. To foster interest in Spanish language and culture among students of Liberty University and in the Lynchburg community.
  4. To encourage the involvement of both native and non-native Spanish speakers in community service and leadership.
  5. To promote student scholarship and encourage continued language study after graduation.

Requirements

  1. 3.00 overall GPA
  2. 3.25 GPA in Spanish coursework
  3. At least one class in upper division Spanish coursework (300+)

Career Opportunities

Business Second-language Instruction
Civil Services Sign Language Interpreter
Graduate school Teaching
Ministry Translation
Law Writing
Professions  

American Sign Language and Interpreting Major (B.A.)

PURPOSE
The purpose of the program is to equip students with the knowledge base and skill set to prepare them for effective Sign Language interpreting and meaningful interaction with the Deaf community.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Communicate in a linguistically and culturally appropriate way through the use of American Sign Language.
  2. Recognize and model various sociolinguistic elements, values, and concerns of the culturally Deaf.
  3. Facilitate communication effectively between hearing individuals and the Deaf.
  4. Synthesize the interpreter's professional ethics, identity, and role with a Christian worldview.

Program of Study

American Sign Language and Interpreting Major (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in Major (51 hrs)
ASLI 101 American Sign Language I 3
ASLI 102 American Sign Language II 3
ASLI 201 American Sign Language III 3
ASLI 202 American Sign Language IV 3
ASLI 212 Theory and Application of Fingerspelling and Numbers 3
ASLI 302 American Sign Language V 3
ASLI 310 Deaf Studies 3
ASLI 313 Introduction to Interpreting 3
ASLI 320 Sociocultural Linguistic Processing 3
ASLI 401 English to ASL Interpreting I 3
ASLI 402 English to ASL Interpreting II 3
ASLI 403 ASL to English Interpreting I 3
ASLI 404 ASL to English Interpreting II 3
ASLI 405 ASL Linguistics 3
ASLI 410 Interpreter Professional Identities, Function and Ethics and Current Trends 3
ASLI 498 Practicum 3
ASLI 499 Internship 3
Directed Courses (Required) (6 hrs)
LING 301 Introduction to Linguistics
Choose one of the following courses: 3
SOCI 349 Sociology of Disability
THEO 324 A Theology of Suffering and Disability
Free Electives (0-7 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 122 hours minimum required; at least 31 hrs must be 300-400 level.

Spanish Major (B.A.)

PURPOSE 
Liberty University’s Spanish program exists to equip candidates to communicate in Spanish at a high level of proficiency in a wide variety of contexts with native Spanish speakers or to pursue advanced study in the field. Toward this end, the program seeks: 1) to develop the necessary curricular offerings and practical opportunities for student achievement in the areas listening, speaking, reading, writing, and culture; 2) to develop strategies for providing students with both curricular and practical opportunities which make the most efficient and effective use of the department’s academic, physical, and budgetary resources; and 3) to provide graduates with the highest quality of both professional preparation and professional accreditation and licensure.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Critique, analyze, and interpret authentic Spanish language texts.
  2. Analyze Hispanic culture and its various expressions in terms of a biblical worldview.
  3. Communicate orally in Spanish, demonstrating listening comprehension skills, speaking proficiency, correct grammar, and appropriate vocabulary.
  4. Demonstrate written communication skills, including the ability to produce clear, logical, and grammatically and syntactically appropriate Spanish-language compositions.
  5. Evaluate Hispanic cultural practices and perspectives within a broad political, social, and historical framework.

Program of Study

Spanish Major (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Courses in the Major (36 hrs)
SPAN 301 Advanced Spanish Grammar and Composition 3
SPAN 302 Advanced Spanish Composition and Conversation 3
SPAN 310 Introduction to Translation: Spanish-English 3
SPAN 321 Modern Spanish Literature 3
SPAN 330 Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics 3
SPAN 450 Senior Seminar: Comparison Between Spanish and Latin American Literature 3
SPAN 499 Internship 1 3
SPAN 499 Internship 2 3
SPAN Elective (100-400 level) 3 9
Choose one of the following courses: 3
SPAN 304 Civilization and Culture of Latin America
SPAN 305 Civilization and Culture of Spain
Choose three of the following courses: 9
SPAN 320 Cinema and Dramatic Literature
SPAN 322 Peninsular Literature
SPAN 323 Latin American Literature
SPAN 325 Modern Spanish Short Stories
SPAN 410 Advanced Translation
Directed Courses (Required) (0-6 hrs)**
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 222 World Literature II
Free Electives (13-26 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 36 hours must be 300-400 level.
**These courses are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements.

6 hours of internship or equivalent to be taken abroad in a country where Spanish is the language of business and government.

6 hours of internship or equivalent to be taken abroad in a country where Spanish is the language of business and government.

Choose from: SPAN 320, 322, 323, 325, or 410

Spanish Major (B.A.) Teacher Licensure Requirements Endorsement: Spanish (PreK-12)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (36 hrs)
SPAN 301 Advanced Spanish Grammar and Composition 3
SPAN 302 Advanced Spanish Composition and Conversation 3
SPAN 310 Introduction to Translation: Spanish-English 3
SPAN 321 Modern Spanish Literature 3
SPAN 330 Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics 3
SPAN 403 Second Language Acquisition 3
SPAN 450 Senior Seminar: Comparison Between Spanish and Latin American Literature 3
SPAN 499 Internship 3
SPAN 499 Internship 3
SPAN Electives 1 6
Choose one of the following courses: 3
SPAN 304 Civilization and Culture of Latin America
SPAN 305 Civilization and Culture of Spain
Choose two of the following courses: 6
SPAN 320 Cinema and Dramatic Literature
SPAN 322 Peninsular Literature
SPAN 323 Latin American Literature
SPAN 325 Modern Spanish Short Stories
SPAN 410 Advanced Translation
Directed Courses (Required) (3-9 hrs)
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3*
PSYC 210 Developmental Psychology 3
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 222 World Literature II
Teacher Licensure Requirements (31 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
EDUC 425 Content Measurement and Evaluation 3
EDUC 435 Content Curriculum Fundamentals 2
EDUC 436 Content Curriculum Fundamentals Practicum 1
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
SPAN 419 Methodology and Curriculum in Teaching Modern Languages 2
SPAN 420 Methods Teaching Practicum 1
TOTAL HOURS: 128 hours minimum required; at least 59 hours must be 300-400 level.
NOTE: Spanish majors must achieve a minimum of Advanced Low on the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) in order to obtain licensure.
*These courses are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements

Choose from: SPAN 320, 322, 323, 325, or 410


Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language Major (B.A.)

PURPOSE 
Liberty University’s TESL program exists to equip candidates to teach English in a wide variety of contexts to speakers of other languages or to pursue advanced study in the field. Toward this end, the program seeks: 1) to develop the necessary curricular offerings and practical opportunities for student achievement in the areas of general linguistics, the linguistic features of the English language, cross-cultural dynamics, and curriculum and methodology in TESFL; 2) to develop strategies for providing students with both curricular and practical opportunities while making the most efficient and effective use of the department’s academic, physical, and budgetary resources; and 3) to provide graduates with the highest quality of both professional preparation and professional accreditation and licensure.

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Adapt the principles of language learning to multiple contexts.
  2. Analyze and communicate the syntactic, morphological, phonological and discourse features of English.
  3. Analyze and apply the ways in which the Christian worldview affects the TESL practitioner’s work.
  4. Conduct linguistic analysis of various world languages and present findings both orally and in writing.
  5. Evaluate differences and problems that occur in human behavior and values in cross-cultural and cross-linguistic settings.

Program of Study

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language Major (TES/FL) (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language Requirement (12 hrs) [Must be one language]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (39 hrs)
ENGL 307 Expository Writing 3
ENGL 333 Modern Grammar 3
ENGL 364 History of the English Language 3
ENGL 415 Diversity: Advanced World Literature 3
GLST 290 Cultural Anthropology 3
LING 301 Introduction to Linguistics 3
LING 305 Linguistic Analysis 3
LING 453 World Languages 3
TESL 373 Applied Grammar 3
TESL 403 Second Language Acquisition 3
TESL 405 Issues and Practices in TES/FL 3
TESL 419 Methodology and Curriculum in Teaching Modern Languages 2
TESL 420 Methods Teaching Practicum 1
TESL 499 TES/FL Internship 3
Language Elective (300-400 level) 1 3
Directed Courses (3-9 hrs)
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3*
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3*
Choose one of the following courses: 3
ENGL 221 World Literature I *
ENGL 222 World Literature II *
Free Electives (0-5 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 30 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These courses are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements

Must be the same language as selected in the Liberal Arts Language requirement. Students must have completed the 202 course in their language of choice before taking this course.

Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Major (B.A.) Teacher Licensure Requirements
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language (12 hrs) [Must be one language]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (33 hrs)
ENGL 307 Expository Writing 3
ENGL 333 Modern Grammar 3
ENGL 364 History of the English Language 3
ENGL 415 Diversity: Advanced World Literature 3
GLST 290 Cultural Anthropology 3
LING 301 Introduction to Linguistics 3
LING 305 Linguistic Analysis 3
LING 453 World Languages 3
TESL 373 Applied Grammar 3
TESL 403 Second Language Acquisition 3
TESL 405 Issues and Practices in TES/FL 3
Language Elective (300-400 level) 1 3
Directed Courses (3-9 hrs)
HIEU 201 History of Western Civilization I 3*
HIEU 202 History of Western Civilization II 3*
Choose one of the following Courses: 3
ENGL 221 World Literature I *
ENGL 222 World Literature II
Teacher Licensure Requirements (31 hrs)
EDUC 125 Introduction to Education 1
EDUC 221 Content Area Reading and Differentiated Teaching and Learning 2
EDUC 235 Content Instructional Design 1
EDUC 236 Content Instructional Design Practicum 2
EDUC 240 Introduction to Applied Educational Technology Practicum 2
EDUC 360 Foundations of Education 2
EDUC 425 Content Measurement and Evaluation 3
EDUC 435 Content Curriculum Fundamentals 2
EDUC 436 Content Curriculum Fundamentals Practicum 1
EDUC 475 Seminar in Classroom Management 2
EDUC 476 Student Teaching I 5
EDUC 477 Student Teaching II 5
TESL 419 Methodology and Curriculum in Teaching Modern Languages 2
TESL 420 Methods Teaching Practicum 1
TOTAL HOURS: 140 hours minimum required; at least 35 hours must be 300-400 level.
*These courses are approved General Education courses and may be counted in the Core Competency Requirements

Must be the same language as selected in the Liberal Arts Language requirement. Students must have completed the 202 course in their language of choice before taking this course.


American Sign Language Minor 

PURPOSE
The purpose of the American Sign Language Minor is to equip students with the knowledge base and skill set to prepare them for effective communication in American Sign Language and meaningful interaction with the Deaf community.

American Sign Language Minor (18 hrs)
ASLI 101 American Sign Language I 3
ASLI 102 American Sign Language II 3
ASLI 201 American Sign Language III 3
ASLI 202 American Sign Language IV 3
ASLI 310 Deaf Studies 3
ASLI 313 Introduction to Interpreting 3

Chinese Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Communicate orally in Chinese, demonstrating speaking proficiency, correct grammar, and appropriate vocabulary.
  2. Produce logical, grammatically and syntactically appropriate Chinese-language compositions.
Chinese Minor (15 hrs)
CHIN 101 Elementary Chinese I 3
CHIN 102 Elementary Chinese II 3
CHIN 201 Intermediate Chinese I 3
CHIN 202 Intermediate Chinese II 3
CHIN 497 Special Topics in Chinese 3

French Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Communicate orally in French, demonstrating listening comprehension skills, speaking proficiency, correct grammar, and appropriate vocabulary.
  2. Demonstrate written communication skills, including the ability to produce clear, logical, and grammatically and syntactically appropriate French-language compositions.
French Minor (15 hrs)
FREN 102 Elementary French II 3*
FREN 201 Intermediate French I 3
FREN 202 Intermediate French II 3
FREN Electives (300-400 level) 6
*Those students with prior language study are encouraged to consider CLEP for lower level language credits.

German Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Use the German language to function in a variety of everyday contexts.
  2. Analyze the significance of particular aspects of language and culture for the German-speaking regions of Europe.
German Minor (15 hrs)
GRMN 101 Elementary German I 3
GRMN 102 Elementary German II 3
GRMN 201 Intermediate German I 3
GRMN 202 Intermediate German II 3
GRMN 497 Special Topics in German 3

Linguistics Minor

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Analyze language data based on linguistic concepts.
  2. Explain the functions of fundamental linguistic constructs in relation to how language works.
     
Linguistics Minor (18 hrs)
LING 301 Introduction to Linguistics 3
LING 305 Linguistic Analysis 3
LING 451 Phonetics and Phonology 3
LING 452 Morphology and Syntax 3
Choose two of the following courses: 6
LING 280 Field Language Learning
LING 300 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
LING 453 World Languages

Spanish Minor

Spanish Minor* (15 hrs)
SPAN Electives (100-400 level) 6
SPAN Electives (300-400 level) 9

Department of Philosophy

Gary R. Habermas, B.R.E., M.A., Ph.D.
Chair, Department of Philosophy
Distinguished Research Professor of Apologetics and Philosophy

Edward N. Martin, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Co-Chair Department of Philosophy
Director, Master of Arts in Philosophical Studies
Professor of Philosophy and Theology

PURPOSE
The B.A. in Philosophy equips the student with critical skills, knowledge, and values to positively impact today's world. Philosophy majors rank highest among non-science majors on the GRE exam, and rank first amongst all majors in the verbal section. This may be in part because of Philosophy's central emphasis on 1) studying some of history's most articulate and clearly expressed models of communication, 2) developing one's personal style and skills of written and verbal communication based on those classical and contemporary  models, 3) fostering a deepening love for the Lord, who is Himself "The Word"--God's clear communication of Himself for us and our salvation, 4) applying problem-solving skills to life's greatest theoretical and practical questions we are uniquely positioned in God's creative order to know about, ponder, and begin to answer (amidst the explosion of knowledge and the haunt of technology), 5) evaluating and critiquing various arguments and diverse positions by the best minds--both believers and non-believers, and 6) doing each of the above alongside caring, compassionate faculty specially trained to produce Philosophers to change our world for Christ's Kingdom here, now, today.  C. S. Lewis famously stated that the world needs good philosophy, if for no other reason, to answer bad philosophy.  Our philosophy is Christ-centered, our God is "the true God, and eternal life" (I John 5:20), and our message must be clear: we seek to provide our communities, our churches, and our world with men and women on fire for the Truth of the Word of God, the only hope in a hopeless world!  We seek to train philosophically-able Champions for Christ who, "with gentleness and respect" (I Pet 3:16), can "demolish arguments and every pretention that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and…take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ." (II Cor 10:5)  The Christian worldview is the most powerfully compelling and best explanation for all the phenomena of which humans are aware.  But so often, as G. K. Chesterton quipped, it is not that Christianity has been tried and found wanting; rather, it has been found difficult and so often left untried.  We want our students to know not only what they believe, but why they believe it.  So, we are devoted to producing men and women who acknowledge not only that Jesus is Lord, but that, as Dallas Willard remarks, Jesus is brilliant.  For in Him "are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge." (Col. 2:3)  The program focuses on the classical philosophical areas of study, including metaphysics, epistemology, logic, aesthetics, ethics, and philosophy of religion, and provides a strong, impactful foundation for living as an agent of Christ-honoring, Christ-centered cultural and spiritual transformation in our world.  For those interested to seek further studies in many diverse fields at the graduate level, the Philosophy major provides an excellent basis for further studies in seminary, law, the humanities and the sciences.  Majoring in Philosophy is not only exemplary preparation for ministry, but also serves as a great grounding for graduate studies in English, theology, leadership or management, business, counseling, History, politics, law, philosophy, and a full range of other related fields (such as philology, ancient or modern languages, mathematics, linguistics, art history, journalism, government, etc.).

PHI SIGMA TAU – INTERNATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY IN PHILOSOPHY
Advisor: Dr. Thomas A. Provenzola
PHI SIGMA TAU has as its essential purpose to promote ties among philosophy departments in accredited institutions and students in philosophy nationally. The Society exists with the following objectives: (1) to serve as a means of awarding distinction to students having high scholarship and personal interest in philosophy; (2) to promote student interest in research and advance study in this field; (3) to provide opportunities for the publication of student research papers of merit; (4) to encourage a professional spirit and friendship among those who have displayed marked ability in this field; and (5) to popularize interest in philosophy among the general collegiate public.  The Society sponsors several colloquia and conferences, on both a local and national level, throughout the academic year.

Criteria for Membership:
Undergraduate students are eligible for active membership if they have completed three semesters of college course work, are ranked in the upper 35% of their class, and have completed (or are registered in) at least two semester courses (six credit hours) in philosophy with a mean overall grade which is greater than a 3.00. 

Graduate members are eligible if they (a) meet the requirements for undergraduates, or (b) have completed at least one third of the residence requirements of the Master's Degree with a mean grade of 3.50.


Career Opportunities

Education/Teaching Law
Pastor Counseling
Campus/ Parachurch Ministry Computer Science
Hospital Ethicist Information Technology
Publishing/Journalism Leadership & Management
Government Administration
Human Rights Advocate Apologist
Theologian Cultural Commentator
Classical Christian School Business Entrepreneur
    Teacher (esp. Logic) Christian Educator

Philosophy Major (B.A.)

PURPOSE
The major in Philosophy is designed to provide a thorough, biblically-based, cognitive, and spiritual foundation for effective ministry and advanced studies in Philosophy, Law, Apologetics, Theology and a wide diversity of related areas of study.  For over two millennia Philosophy has been recognized as one of the leading "liberal arts" available to teach and train the soul to become wise and prepared for service to God and neighbor, since the study of Philosophy has as its goal the development of the person in all those areas that constitute human flourishing and maturity.  The Apostle Paul speaks of these areas together constituting for the Christian believer what we normally call "spiritual growth," as seen, e.g., in the five or six recognizable areas of requirements for elders in the church (cf. I Tim 3, Titus 1), namely, intellectual, moral, social, psychological, physical and emotional development of the cardinal virtues (wisdom, justice, courage, temperance) and Christian virtues (faith, hope and love).

PROGRAM LEARNING OUTCOMES
The student will be able to:

  1. Conduct research using primary and secondary sources in an informed and critical way.
  2. Evaluate the central concepts and arguments in the history of Western Philosophy.
  3. Compare and contrast Christian and non-Christian theories of reality, knowledge, and value.
  4. Defend a philosophically informed worldview.

Program of Study

Philosophy Major (B.A.)
General Education: Core Competency Requirements (30-36 hrs)
Christian Life & Thought (22-23 hrs)
Liberal Arts Focus:
Language Requirements (12 hrs) [Must be one language; German or French is recommended]
Integrative Studies (6 hrs)
Core Courses in the Major (36 hrs)
PHIL 210 Logic 3
PHIL 240 Christian Evidences 3
PHIL 301 History of Philosophy I 3
PHIL 302 History of Philosophy II 3
PHIL 303 History of Philosophy III 3
PHIL 310 Symbolic Logic 3
PHIL 350 Ethics 3
PHIL 420 Epistemology 3
PHIL 430 Metaphysics 3
PHIL 440 Philosophy of Religion 3
PHIL 497 Special Topics in Philosophy 3
PHIL Elective (400 level) 3
Directed Courses (Required) (6 hrs)
CHHI 301 History of the Christian Church I 3
CHHI 302 History of the Christian Church II 3
Free Electives (1-8 hrs)
TOTAL HOURS: 120 hours minimum required; at least 42 hours must be 300-400 level.

Philosophy Minor

Philosophy Minor (15 hrs)
PHIL Elective (100-400 level) 3
PHIL Electives (300-400 level) 9
Choose one of the following courses: 3
PHIL 301 History of Philosophy I
PHIL 302 History of Philosophy II
PHIL 303 History of Philosophy III


Highlighted text indicates a change from the official version of the catalog.